Gone to Earth
Gone to Earth poster.jpg
theatrical release poster
Directed byMichael Powell
Emeric Pressburger
Written byMichael Powell
Emeric Pressburger
Based onGone to Earth by Mary Webb
Produced byMichael Powell
Emeric Pressburger
StarringJennifer Jones
David Farrar
Cyril Cusack
CinematographyChristopher Challis
Edited byReginald Mills
Music byBrian Easdale
Color processTechnicolor
Production
companies
Distributed byBritish Lion Films (UK)
Release date
  • 6 November 1950 (1950-11-06)
Running time
110 minutes
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish
Budget£285,000[1]
Box office£110,000 (UK)[2]

Gone to Earth is a 1950 British Technicolor film created by the director-writer team of Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger. It stars Jennifer Jones, David Farrar, Cyril Cusack and Esmond Knight. The film was significantly changed for the American market by David O. Selznick and retitled The Wild Heart in 1952.

Gone to Earth is based on the 1917 novel of the same name by author Mary Webb.[3] The novel was largely ignored when it first appeared, but it became better known in the 1930s during the neo-romantic revival.

Plot

Hazel Woodus is a child of nature in the Shropshire countryside in 1897. She loves and understands all of the wild animals more than she does the people around her. Whenever she has problems, she consults the book of spells and charms left to her by her gypsy mother.

Local squire Jack Reddin sees Hazel and wants her, but she has already promised herself to the Baptist minister Edward Marston. A struggle for her body and soul ensues.

Cast

Production

Filming on Gone to Earth, which was shot in Technicolor, began on 1 August 1949.[4] Studio filming took place at Shepperton Studios in Shepperton, Surrey, while most of the film was shot on location at many sites around Much Wenlock in Shropshire. Many locals were recruited as extras, such as the choir from a local Methodist church that appears in the film.[5]

The film was coproduced with American producer David O. Selznick, who had a penchant for dictating long and rambling notes to his directors[6] while under the influence of amphetamines and flooded the production with memos, most of which were ignored.

Subsequent history

The Wild Heart

The Wild Heart
The Wild Heart film poster.jpg
1952 poster
Directed byRouben Mamoulian (add'l scenes, uncredited)[7]
Written byRouben Mamoulian (add'l scenes, uncredited)[7]
Produced byDavid O. Selznick (uncredited)
Production
companies
Distributed byRKO Radio Pictures
Release date
  • July 1952 (1952-07)
Running time
82 minutes

Although he had been involved throughout the filming, Selznick disliked the finished film, and sued The Archers, Powell and Pressburger's production company, in order to change it. He lost the court case but discovered that he had the right to change the film for its American release.

Selznick had the film reedited and some extra scenes shot in Hollywood under director Rouben Mamoulian to create the version known as The Wild Heart (1952).[7] Selznick's changes were mostly additions to the film: a prologue, explanatory scenes (often literally, with labels or inscriptions on items) and more closeups of his wife, Jennifer Jones. The most infamous of the alterations are the scenes at the end when Jones is supposedly carrying a tame fox—in the additional scenes, the fox is obviously a stuffed toy.

Selznick also deleted several scenes that he felt had lacked dramatic impact, some of which were major plot points. In his autobiographies, Powell claimed that Selznick only left about 35 minutes of the original film, but in fact, about two-thirds remains intact. Overall, Selznick cut the film's length by 28 minutes, from the original 110 to 82 minutes.

Restoration

The original version of Gone to Earth was fully restored by the British Film Institute's National Archive in 1985. A New Statesman review called the restored film "one of the great British regional films" and, according to Powell's cinematographer Christopher Challis, "one of the most beautiful films ever to be shot of the English countryside."[8]

Both versions of the film are now available in the U.S. on Blu-ray disc from Kino Lorber Studio Classics (under license from The Walt Disney Company and current copyright holder ABC).

In popular culture

The film is extensively referenced in Jonathan Coe's novel The Rain Before It Falls (2007), in which two of the characters are identified as extras who appear in the foreground in one of the film's early scenes (around 8:25).

References

  1. ^ Kevin Macdonald (1994). Emeric Pressburger: The Life and Death of a Screenwriter. Faber and Faber. p. 312. ISBN 978-0-571-16853-8.
  2. ^ Vincent Porter, 'The Robert Clark Account', Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Vol 20 No 4, 2000 p492
  3. ^ Gone to Earth
  4. ^ IMDB Box office/business
  5. ^ TCM Notes
  6. ^ Selznick, David O. (2000). Memo From David O. Selznick. ISBN 0375755314.
  7. ^ a b c Allmovie Production credits
  8. ^ "New Statesman review". Retrieved 29 October 2006.