Native toTanzania
RegionDodoma and Manyara Region
Native speakers
110,000 (2009)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3gow

Gorowa is a Cushitic language spoken in Tanzania in the Dodoma and Manyara Regions.

It is also known as Fiome, Goroa, Gorwaa, Kimbulu, Ufiomi.[2]

As of 2014, an estimated 79,000 people (approx. 60% of the ethnic population) use this language on a daily basis. Older Gorwaa speakers in rural areas tend to be enthusiastic about their language and have contributed to a large body of data including songs, traditional stories, uncommon vocabulary, etc. Younger Gorwaa in urban areas view the language as less useful and may be reticent to speak it. Some use the exonym Mbulu (from a large Iraqw settlement) and say they speak Kimbulu; however, this is still the Gorwaa language. Codeswitching with Swahili is ubiquitous. Young speakers involved in documentation of Gorwaa have become researchers and assumed ownership of the project.

Instances of Gorwaa writing are rare, and show a great variety of non-standard spellings. It is common to use the orthography of Iraqw for Gorwaa written communication.

See also


  1. ^ Gorowa at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed access icon
  2. ^ Harvey, Andrew (2019). "Gorwaa (Tanzania) -- language contexts". Language Documentation and Description. 16: 127–168.