Af Girirra
Native toEthiopia
RegionAf-Dheer Zone, Somali Region, Ethiopia
EthnicityGirirra people, Somali people
Native speakers
50,000 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3gii

Girirra also called Gariire is a Cushitic language of Ethiopia. It has extensive borrowing from Somali.[2] Although not mutually intelligible with Somali, it is estimated that around 70% of the Garirra language is made up of Somali loan words. There has not been many studies on the language itself and is often grouped into a small umbrella of the Macro-Somali language family including relatives like: Rendille, Boni, Bayso, and the two dialects of Somali, being Af-Maay, and Af-Maxaa (Standard Somali).[3]


The following are the phonemes found in Girirra:[4]

Consonant phonemes
Labial Alveolar Palato-
Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
glottalic ɗ
Affricate voiced d͡ʒ
glottalic t͡ʃʼ
Fricative f s ʃ h
Nasal m n ɲ
Trill r
Approximant l j
Front Central Back
Close /i/, /iː/ /u/, /uː/
Mid /e/, /eː/ /o/, /oː/
Open /a/, /aː/


  1. ^ Girirra at Ethnologue (25th ed., 2022) Closed access icon
  2. ^ SILESR2002 061
  3. ^ Blench, Roger (2006). "The Afro-Asiatic Languages Classification and Reference List" (PDF). ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ Mekonnen, Hundie Kumbi. 2015. The Grammar of Girirra (A Lowland East Cushitic Language of Ethiopia). (Doctoral dissertation, Addis Ababa University; xxvii+367pp.)

Further reading