|Original author(s)||Don Allingham|
|Developer(s)||The Gramps Team|
|Initial release||April 21, 2001|
5.1.5 / 6 February 2022
|Written in||Python (GTK+ 3)|
|Operating system||Linux, BSD, Solaris, Windows, macOS|
|Available in||Multilingual (40)|
Gramps (formerly GRAMPS, an acronym for Genealogical Research and Analysis Management Programming System) is a free and open source genealogy software. Gramps is programmed in Python using PyGObject. It uses Graphviz to create relationship graphs.
Gramps is a rare example of commons-based peer production as free and open-source software created by genealogists, for genealogists. It has been described as intuitive and easy-to-use for hobbyists and "feature-complete for professional genealogists". The program is acknowledged as the "most popular FOSS program for genealogy" by Eastman and others. The Australian consumer advocacy group, CHOICE, has recommended Gramps.
The program is extensible such that, in addition to human family trees, it has been used to create animal pedigree charts as well as academic genealogy showing mentoring relationships between scientists, physicians, and scholars.
Gramps is one of the biggest offline genealogy suites available. Features include:
|Internet media type|
18 August 2015
|Type of format||Genealogy data exchange|
|Type code||.tar.gz archive|
|Type of format||Genealogy data exchange|
|Container for||Gramps XML and referenced media|
The core export file format of Gramps is named Gramps XML and uses the file extension .gramps. It is extended from XML. Gramps XML is a free format. Gramps usually compresses Gramps XML files with gzip. The file format Portable Gramps XML Package uses the extension .gpkg and is currently a .tar.gz archive including Gramps XML together with all referenced media. The user may rename the file extension .gramps to .gz for editing the content of the genealogy document with a text editor. Internally, Gramps uses SQLite as the default database backend, with other databases available as plugins.
Gramps can import from the following formats: Gramps XML, Gramps Package (Portable Gramps XML), Gramps 2.x .grdb (older versions Gramps), GEDCOM, CSV.
Gramps supports exporting data in the following formats: Gramps XML, Gramps Package (Portable Gramps XML), GEDCOM, GeneWeb's GW format, Web Family Tree (.WFT) format, vCard, vCalendar, CSV.
Gramps is available in 45 languages (December 2014).
Gramps also has two special use sub-translation languages:
The project began as GRAMPS in 2001, and the first stable release was in 2004.
The following table shows a selected history of new feature releases for project. (Patches and bug fixes are published on GitHub and periodically collated in minor "bug fix" releases.)
|GRAMPS 1.0.0||2004-02-11||"Stable as a Tombstone"||Used XML to store all information. (Don originally called the program Relativity before his father suggested the name GRAMPS(Genealogical Research and Analysis Management Programming System))|
|GRAMPS 2.0.0||2005-05-11||"The Bright Side of Life"||Introduction of the Berkeley database backend.|
|GRAMPS 2.2.1||2006-10-30||"One, two, five!"||Originally only available for Unix-like operating systems, with this release GRAMPS became available for Windows.|
|GRAMPS 3.0.0||2008-03-24||"It was just getting interesting."||Introduced the new Family Tree database format .gpkg and deprecated the old .grdb database format. Plugin system called "Gramplets".|
|Gramps 3.2.0||2010-04-15||"I am your father"||name changed from GRAMPS. New management system for plugins, performance optimization, hierarchical Place list, Map plotting view|
|Gramps 3.4.0||2012-05-21||"always look on the bright side of life"||Replaced Source References with Citations that allow sharing and can have media objects and 'data' elements attached to them. The Gramps XML Specification was updated to make it idempotent.|
|Gramps 4.0.0||2013-05-21||"The Miracle of Birth"||Conversion to GTK+ 3, add support for Python 3. Keeps the same data format as Gramps 3.4.|
|Gramps 4.1.0||2014-06-18||"Name go in book"||Full Python 3 support. New place hierarchies model. Different data format to the Gramps 3.4 series.|
|Gramps 4.2.0||2015-08-03||Python 3 support only (Python 2 support dropped). Different data format to the GRAMPS 3.4 series.|
|Gramps 5.0.0||2018-07-24||Python 3.2+ only / GTK 3.10+ / BSDDB 3 (Default backend) / SQLite3 (Experimental backend)|
|Gramps 5.1.0||2019-08-21||Python 3.3+ only / GTK 3.12+ / SQLite3 (Default backend) / BSDDB 3 (Legacy backend)|
More than a dozen different genealogical database programs are available from a variety of vendors. Hall uses the Genealogical Research and Analysis Management Programming System, or, GRAMPS (http://gramps.sourceforge.net). Like other such software, Gramps – which is free – enables people to enter data about their ancestors and produces charts, documents and Web pages from the information.
"The most popular FOSS program for genealogy is Gramps [...] Gramps is a free FOSS software project – a genealogy program that is both intuitive for hobbyists and feature-complete for professional genealogists. It is a community project, created, developed and governed by genealogists.
Généré par GRAMPS