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Guido Girardi Lavín
Senator Girardi being interview during Future Congress Chile 2019.
Senate of Chile
Assumed office
March 11, 2006
Preceded byAndrés Zaldívar Larraín
President of the Senate of Chile
In office
March 15, 2011 – March 20, 2012
Preceded byJorge Pizarro Soto
Succeeded byCamilo Escalona Medina
Deputy of Chile
In office
March 11, 1994 – March 11, 2006
Preceded byHernán Bosselin Correa
Succeeded byGuido Girardi Brière
Personal details
Born (1961-01-24) 24 January 1961 (age 60)
Santiago, Chile
NationalityChilean
Political partyParty for Democracy
Spouse(s)
Paula Echeñique
(m. 1994)
Children4
Alma materUniversity of Chile
OccupationPhysician, Politician
Websiteguidogirardi.cl

Guido Girardi Lavín (born January 24, 1961) is a Chilean doctor and politician. He is currently as senator for the district No. 7 for Santiago Poniente.[1] He previously served as the current president of that chamber.

He usually takes progressive stances on social issues, such as defense of the environment and a critical stance against Private healthcare.[2][3][4]

He has also been involved in several controversies in Chile[5][6][7] He agitated a legal and social polemic for filing a complaint in November 2008 against two police officers who allegedly “disrespected” the senator while writing him a speeding ticket. Both officers were retired from the police.[5] He had used false bills from a nonexistent company, Publicam, in order to justify his campaign expenses to the Servicio de Impuestos Internos (Internal Tax Service).[8]

Parliamentary work

During his work as a parliamentarian, until 2020 Senator Girardi has been the main author of 17 Chilean laws passed, in addition to 31 other bills under discussion. Among these, the law No. 19.680 enacted in 2000 that prohibited the sale of fireworks to the general public and the regulation of the use of fireworks in public spaces.[9] This law is a response to the constant tragedies in which children and young people were severely burned due to their manipulation. The law had a positive effect, and by 2004 the cases of burned children decreased by 85%.[10]

In 2009, the "Guarantee Check Law" was approved,[11] which prevents private health services from requiring a check to guarantee payment for any medical benefit received by patients.

During 2010, Law No. 20,413 was enacted, which "[establishes] the Principle of Universal Organ Donation and Reception", which modifies the existing law on organ donation in force in Chile. This law subsequently received an amendment in 2017 with law No. 20,988 that expanded the cross donation of organs between living people.[12]

Also in 2012, the "Law on the nutritional composition of food and its advertising" was approved, known as the "Food Labeling Law", one of its main peculiarities being to force the industry to incorporate icons Black octagonal in the packaging of processed food products that indicate if this food contains sugar, saturated fat, salt and / or calories above those recommended by a technical table of experts. [13] Various countries have expressed their interest in Chilean regulations, considering its content in the development of its own regulatory projects on labeling, including Uruguay, Brazil, Ecuador, Argentina, Peru, Mexico, the member countries of the Caribbean Community, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Panama, El Salvador, Honduras, Israel, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

For 2013, the "Law that Sanctions the Marketing of cured thread" was enacted, [14] due to the constant number of cases involving serious injuries caused by strands of string covered with ground glass.[15]

Another measure approved by law is to eliminate the requirement for the consent of the guardians of young people over 14 years of age so that they can undergo the HIV detection test, a project whose purpose is to establish greater social flexibility in the detection of the virus in Chile, which facilitates the pandemic control processes.[16]

In 2015, bill No. 20,879 "Sanctioning the Transportation of Waste to Clandestine Landfills" was approved. The project modifies the current Traffic Law, adding fines to the transporters of these wastes, and gives powers and responsibilities to the Municipalities of Chile on the matter of the collection, transportation and disposal of waste.[17]

Due to the concern for the animal welfare that has arisen in Chilean society, in 2017 Law No. 21,020 of 2017 was enacted «Responsible Ownership of Pets and Companion Animals", known publicly as "Ley Cholito".[18] Giradi was one of the promoters of the bill motion, along with Mariano Ruiz-Esquide and Carlos Kuschel. [19]

Based on international concerns from academia due to the scientific advancement of neurotechnologies,[20] Senator Girardi together with Spanish neuroscientist Rafael Yuste —ideaire of the BRAIN Initiative[21] together with other specialists on the subject presented on October 7, 2020 two bills that seek to establish and protect the neurorights —the first is a constitutional reform that seeks to integrate mental privacy as a state guarantee, and the second seeks to define and protect the physical and psychological integrity of individuals—. The project has been positively received by foreign institutions and countries; the UN, OECD and UNESCO are observing the development of this bill, while the Secretary of State for Digitalization and Artificial Intelligence of Spain has shown interest in the progress of this project.[22]

Congreso Futuro

Main article: Congreso Futuro

Congreso Futuro ("Future Congress" or "Congress of the Future" in english) is an annual event originally organized by the National Congress and currently directed by the Fundación Encuentros del Futuro. The event began its activities in early December 2011[23][24] and has been held annually since then. The first version was organized by Senator Girardi and Deputy Patricio Melero (UDI).[25] Since then, the activity has welcomed Nobel laureates, scientists and researchers, philosophers, historians, politicians, activists, pioneers, among other types of specialists and connoisseurs. It has had more than 45,000 attendees and more than 1 million viewers for Streaming services.[26]

The main objective of the Congreso Futuro is to create spaces for dialogue between science, decision-makers and citizens themselves. [27] Given the impact and reception of the Future Congress within the Chilean scientific and social discussion,[28] Senator Girardi headed the organization that works in the management and expansion of this Congress to the regions of the country,[29] and also seeks to replicate the event abroad.[30]

Currently the Future Congress is one of the largest science communication events in Latin America.[31][32]

References

  1. ^ Elecciones.gov.cl Archived 2011-09-27 at the Wayback Machine Votación Candidatos por Circunscripción 7, senadores 2005
  2. ^ Diario La Nación, Lunes 14 de marzo de 2005, Chile. Guido Girardi: “el ministro García es un pacato”.
  3. ^ Radio Cooperativa, Martes 19 de junio de 2007, Chile. Girardi propuso establecer figura del delito ambiental
  4. ^ Radio Cooperativa, Miércoles 18 de enero de 2006, Chile. Ejecutivos de AFP presentaron querellas contra Guido Girardi”.
  5. ^ a b http://www.adnradio.cl/nota.aspx?id=733348
  6. ^ http://www.elsoldeiquique.cl/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1011:aborto-terapeutico-acusacion-de-qmontajeq-medico-contra-guido-girardi-enfrenta-a-la-udi-con-senadores-rossi-y-matthei&catid=57:titulares&Itemid=110
  7. ^ http://www.terra.cl/actualidad/index.cfm?id_cat=302&id_reg=698138
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-25. Retrieved 2012-04-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Nacional, Biblioteca del Congreso. "LEY-19680 25-MAY-2000 QUE PROHIBE EL USO DE FUEGOS ARTIFICIALES, MEDIANTE REFORMA DE LA LEY Nº17.798, SOBRE CONTROL DE ARMAS Y EXPLOSIVOS, Y PROHIBE LA VENTA AL PUBLICO DE FUEGOS ARTIFICIALES Y REGULA LA REALIZACION DE ESPECTACULOS PIROTECNICOS MASIVOS". www.bcn.cl/leychile (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  10. ^ Cornejo, Edith; Rojas, Jorge; Saavedra, Rolando; Carrasco, Raquel (2004). "Impacto de la Ley N° 19.680 en la incidenciade quemaduras por fuegos artificiales". Rev Chil Salud Pública (in Spanish). 8 (3): 158–161.
  11. ^ Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional. "LEY-20394 20-NOV-2009 QUE PROHÍBE CONDICIONAR LA ATENCIÓN DE SALUD AL OTORGAMIENTO DE CHEQUES O DINERO EN EFECTIVO". www.bcn.cl/leychile (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  12. ^ MINISTERIO DE SALUD, SUBSECRETARÍA DE SALUD PÚBLICA (Jan 15, 2010). "LEY-20413 12-ENE-2010 QUE ESTABLECE NORMAS SOBRE TRASPLANTE Y DONACIÓN DE ÓRGANOS". Ley Chile - Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional (in Spanish).
  13. ^ MINISTERIO DE SALUD, SUBSECRETARÍA DE SALUD PÚBLICA (July 6, 2012). "LEY-20606 06-JUL-2012 SOBRE COMPOSICIÓN NUTRICIONAL DE LOS ALIMENTOS Y SU PUBLICIDAD". Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional (in Spanish).
  14. ^ MINISTERIO DEL INTERIOR Y. SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA, SUBSECRETARÍA DEL INTERIOR (September 17, 2013). "LEY-20700 17-SEP-2013 QUE SANCIONA LA COMERCIALIZACIÓN DEL HILO CURADO". Ley Chile - Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional (in Spanish).
  15. ^ Asencio Ojeda, Darío Franco (2019). Análisis del delito relativo al hilo curado para volantines de la ley 20.700 (Thesis). Universidad de Chile.
  16. ^ MINISTERIO DE SALUD (January 19, 2017). "LEY-20987 19-ENE-2017 QUE MODIFICA EL PROCEDIMIENTO PARA EL EXAMEN DEL VIH RESPECTO DE MENORES DE EDAD". Ley Chile - Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional (in Spanish).
  17. ^ MINISTERIO DE TRANSPORTES Y TELECOMUNICACIONES. (November 25, 2015). "LEY-20879 25-NOV-2015 MINISTERIO DE TRANSPORTES Y TELECOMUNICACIONES". Ley Chile - Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional (in Spanish).
  18. ^ Ministerio de Salud (August 2, 2017). "Ley 21020 SOBRE TENENCIA RESPONSABLE DE MASCOTAS Y ANIMALES DE COMPAÑÍA". Ley Chile - Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional (in Spanish).
  19. ^ Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional. "History of Law No. 21.020". www.bcn.cl (in Spanish).
  20. ^ Yuste, Rafael; Goering, Sara; Arcas, Blaise Agüera y; Bi, Guoqiang; Carmena, Jose M.; Carter, Adrian; Fins, Joseph J.; Friesen, Phoebe; Gallant, Jack; Huggins, Jane E.; Illes, Judy (2017). "Four ethical priorities for neurotechnologies and AI". Nature. 551 (7679): 159–163. Bibcode:2017Natur.551..159Y. doi:10.1038/551159a. ISSN 0028-0836. PMC 8021272. PMID 29120438.
  21. ^ Montes, Rocío (2020-10-08). "Chile, laboratorio mundial de los neuroderechos". El Pais (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  22. ^ Qué Pasa de La Tercera (2020-10-07). "Chile podría convertirse en el primer país en tener una ley que proteja los neuroderechos". La Tercera (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  23. ^ Senado (2011-02-06). "Lanzan programa de actos conmemorativos del Bicentenario del Congreso Nacional - Senado - República de Chile" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  24. ^ Cámara de Diputados (2011-11-23). "Presidentes de la Cámara de Diputados y el Senado lanzan seminario internacional "Congreso del Futuro"" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2019-01-29. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  25. ^ ESO (2011-12-01). "ESO Promotes Astronomy during Bicentennial Conference in Santiago, Chile - President Sebastian Piñera welcomed Nobel Prize laureates and international top scientists at celebration of the bicentennial of the Chilean Congress". European Southern Obserbatory. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  26. ^ Diario y Radio U Chile (2019-01-20). "45 mil asistentes y un millón de espectadores online son el saldo del Congreso Futuro 2019". Radio UChile (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  27. ^ GORE Coquimbo (January 8, 2016). "¿Qué es el Congreso del Futuro?". GORE Coquimbo (in Spanish).
  28. ^ Congreso Futuro (2016-12-16). Lanzamiento VI Congreso Futuro (Video) (in Spanish).
  29. ^ Editor Política & Economía (2016-02-01). "Balance del V Congreso del Futuro: un paso más para democratizar la ciencia y la tecnología". Política & Economía (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-02-26.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  30. ^ Cossio López, Héctor (2019-01-29). "A Girardi le crecieron los colmillos: busca capitalizar a nivel global el Congreso Futuro". El Mostrador (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  31. ^ Monsalves Riquelme, Maximiliano (2019-01-22). "Congreso Futuro 2019: UC y su participación en el evento de divulgación científica más importante de América Latina". Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  32. ^ Journey Chile (2020). "Congreso Futuro 2020: ideas para un nuevo mundo". Cocacola Chile (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-02-26.