Harberton

St Andrew's Church, Harberton
Harberton
Harberton
Location within Devon
Population1,285 
OS grid referenceSX777585
Civil parish
  • Harberton
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townTOTNES
Postcode districtTQ9
PoliceDevon and Cornwall
FireDevon and Somerset
AmbulanceSouth Western
List of places
UK
England
Devon
50°24′49″N 3°43′18″W / 50.4136°N 3.7217°W / 50.4136; -3.7217Coordinates: 50°24′49″N 3°43′18″W / 50.4136°N 3.7217°W / 50.4136; -3.7217

Harberton is a village, civil parish and former manor 3 miles south west of Totnes, in the South Hams District of Devon, England. The parish includes the village of Harbertonford situated on the main A381 road. In the 2001 census the parish had a population of 1,285.[1] The village is a major part of the electoral ward of Avon and Harbourne. At the 2011 census the ward population was 2,217.[2]

Etymology

The village takes its name from the River Harbourne, which flows through the parish.

Church of St Andrew

The Parish Church of St Andrew is a fine building of the 14th to 15th centuries with a handsome tower. The late medieval rood screen is a notable example with richly carved cornice and vaulting. The font is a very fine piece of Norman work and the pulpit is 15th century.[3]

Harberton Croquet and Social Club (HCSC)

Harberton is home to the Harberton Croquet and Social Club, which was founded in 2002 and hosts the popular Summer Cup.[4] This is the only club in the country that plays by Harberton Croquet Rules, rather than the more commonly played variations of croquet rules.

Harberton, Tierra del Fuego

Harberton was the home of Mary Ann Varder (1842–1922), who married Thomas Bridges on 7 August 1869 and moved with him in 1871 to Tierra del Fuego. There they established an estancia in 1886, which they named Harberton after Mary's birthplace.[5]

History

Anglo-Saxons

According to Risdon (d.1640), Harberton was the residence of Alric the Saxon.[6]

Normans

Harberton was one of twelve feudal baronies in Devonshire said to have existed according to Pole (d.1635).[7] It was not however recognised as such in the 1960 work by Sanders, English Baronies.[8]

Domesday Book

Harberton is not mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, as it was then a constituent estate of the manor of Chillington, which is listed.

Bigod

According to Risdon (d.1640), Roger le Bigod (d. 1107), was seized of lands in Harberton.[9]

de Nonant

Arms of de Nonant (adopted at start of the Age of Heraldry (c.1200-1215): Argent, a lion rampant gules[10]
Arms of de Nonant (adopted at start of the Age of Heraldry (c.1200-1215): Argent, a lion rampant gules[10]

de Vautort

Arms of de Vautort family, feudal barons of Trematon, Cornwall, and  feudal barons of Harberton, Devon: Argent, three bends gules a bordure sable bezantée.[17] A bordure bezantée is a feature in the arms of many families which held under the overlordship of the Earls of Cornwall
Arms of de Vautort family, feudal barons of Trematon, Cornwall, and feudal barons of Harberton, Devon: Argent, three bends gules a bordure sable bezantée.[17] A bordure bezantée is a feature in the arms of many families which held under the overlordship of the Earls of Cornwall

The feudal barony of Harberton was granted to the de Vautort family, feudal barons of Trematon, Cornwall. Surviving sources (i.e. Pole, Risdon and Sanders)[18] confuse between themselves the names Roger, Reginald and Ralph de Vautort, leading to disparate and irreconcilable accounts of the true descent of the family. All accounts however agree that it was held for several generations by this family, which died out in the male line in the 13th century.

Notable residents

John Huxham, the surgeon and doctor, was born here in 1672.

References

  1. ^ ONS 2001 census
  2. ^ "Avon and Harbourne ward 2011". Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  3. ^ Betjeman, John, ed. (1968) Collins Pocket Guide to English Parish Churches; the South. London: Collins; p. 162
  4. ^ Village hosts croquet tournament, Totnes Times, Wednesday 6th September, 2017. http://www.totnes-today.co.uk/article.cfm?id=107296&headline=Village%20hosts%20croquet%20tournament
  5. ^ Bridges, E. L. (1948) Uttermost Part of the Earth : Patagonia & Tierra del Fuego. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1948; republished 2008, Overlook Press ISBN 978-1-58567-956-0
  6. ^ Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p.165
  7. ^ Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, Book I, p.21
  8. ^ Sanders, I.J. English Baronies: A Study of their Origin and Descent 1086-1327, Oxford, 1960
  9. ^ Risdon, p.165
  10. ^ Pole, p.445
  11. ^ Thorn, Caroline & Frank, (eds.) Domesday Book, (Morris, John, gen.ed.) Vol. 9, Devon, Parts 1 & 2, Phillimore Press, Chichester, 1985, part 2 (notes), 1,34
  12. ^ Sanders, p.89
  13. ^ Sanders, p.89
  14. ^ Sanders, p.89
  15. ^ Sanders, p.89
  16. ^ Pole, p.11
  17. ^ per Pole, Sir William (d.1635), Collections Towards a Description of the County of Devon, Sir John-William de la Pole (ed.), London, 1791, p.505
  18. ^ Pole, p.21; Risdon, p.165; Sanders, p.90