It has been suggested that this article be merged with Healthcare in Romania. (Discuss) Proposed since September 2021.

Health in Romania is a level that concerns health status where it's affected by factors including universal healthcare, risk factors and culture.


The main causes of death in 2004 in Romania were cardiovascular disease (62%), followed by malignant tumors (17%), digestive diseases (6%), accidents, injuries and poisoning (5%), and respiratory diseases (5%).[1] Deaths from external causes and from infectious and parasitic diseases are more common in Romania (4–5%) than in other EU member states.[2] It is estimated that a fifth of the total population of Romania suffers from a communicable or chronic disease.[3]

There were 17,283 people with tuberculosis in 2008. The mortality rate is 31.8 people per 1,000 infected citizens.[4] Some statistics show that 30,000 people have been infected with tuberculosis, making it the third-highest rate among countries in Eastern Europe.[5]

Approximately 3.7% of the total population of Romania is either a carrier or affected by hepatitis.[6]

Less than 1% of the total population of Romania is a carrier or infected with HIV.[7] The most common cause of getting HIV is sharing needles. The first case of AIDS in Romania was diagnosed in 1985, and in 1989 cases have been reported in children.[8] Between 1985 and 2014 were reported 19,906 cases, 6,540 deaths, respectively (468 new cases per year).[9]

Romania had the fifth-highest mortality in Europe, at 691 per 100,000 population, and the fourth-highest death rate from communicable diseases in 2015.[10]

Risk Factors

Romania has significant issues with binge drinking, smoking and obesity.[11]

See also


  1. ^ "Sfaturi Medicale – Bolile cele mai frecvente la români". Archived from the original on 2012-01-15. Retrieved 2017-06-02.
  2. ^ "The State of Health in Romania". RoNeonat.
  4. ^ "TB epidemics in Romania". Archived from the original on 2008-05-10. Retrieved 2017-06-02.
  5. ^ "Romania – cei mai multi bolnavi de TBC din UE Sanatate Cetatean UE : Integrare uniunea europeana stiri UE eveniment finantari aderare joburi –".
  6. ^ "blog".
  7. ^ "Eve of an HIV Epidemic in Romania". 20 September 2010. Archived from the original on September 11, 2010.
  8. ^ "HIV/SIDA in cifre". Stop Sida. Archived from the original on 2017-12-10. Retrieved 2017-06-02.
  9. ^ Dana Lascu (23 September 2015). "ALARMANT! Uite cu cât a crescut numărul persoanelor infectate cu HIV/SIDA din România!". Evenimentul Zilei.
  10. ^ Ballas, Dimitris; Dorling, Danny; Hennig, Benjamin (2017). The Human Atlas of Europe. Bristol: Policy Press. p. 66. ISBN 9781447313540.
  11. ^ "State of Health in the EU România" (PDF).