Hispanics in the United States Naval Academy account for the largest minority group in the institution. According to the academy, the Class of 2009 includes 271 (22.2%) minority midshipmen. Out of these 271 midshipmen, 115 are of Hispanic heritage.[1] In 2004, of the total of 736 female midshipmen, 74 (10%) of them were of Hispanic descent.[2]

The United States Navy has implemented a recruitment program directed towards this group, El Navy, whose principal aim is to attract those who speak Spanish.[3]

First Hispanic-American alumni of the Academy

The United States Naval Academy (USNA), founded 1845, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps.[4]

The first Hispanic-American to graduate from the academy was Commodore Robert F. Lopez, Class of 1879.[5] The first Hispanic to graduate from the academy and to reach the rank of admiral was a Puerto Rican, Rear Admiral Frederick Lois Riefkohl, Class of 1911.

In 1980, the USNA included Hispanic/Latino as a racial category for demographic purposes. Four women identified themselves as Hispanics in the Class of 1981, and they became the first Hispanic females to graduate from the academy. The four women were Carmel Gilliland, who had the highest class rank; Lilia Ramirez, who retired with the rank of Commander; Ina Marie Gomez; and Trinora Pinto.[6]

Notable Hispanic USNA graduates

Amongst the academy's Hispanic alumni who have distinguished themselves as career officers in the Navy, the Marine Corps or the United States Air Force are the following:

19th century, notable Hispanic USNA graduates

1900-1959, notable Hispanic USNA graduates

1960-present, notable Hispanic USNA graduates

Gallery of Hispanic USNA Alumni

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ "United States Naval Academy - Introduction" (PDF). United States Naval Academy Catalog 2005-2006. Retrieved 2007-04-30. ((cite web)): External link in |work= (help)
  2. ^ Young, Julia (July 2004). "Not Your Average Undergrad". LATINA Style. 10 (5). Archived from the original on 2008-04-04. Retrieved 2007-05-07.
  3. ^ "El Navy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
  4. ^ "United States Naval Academy". Retrieved 2007-04-30.
  5. ^ a b United States Naval Academy records on Robert F. Lopez.
  6. ^ Capt. Gottschalk, USNA Institutional Research office. Retrieved May 31, 2007
  7. ^ a b [see above]
  8. ^ David H. Lippman. "August 5, 1942 - August 8, 1942". World War II Plus 55. Archived from the original on May 19, 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-13.
  9. ^ "Lieutenant General Pedro A. Del Valle, USMC". History Division. United States Marine Corps. Archived from the original on October 23, 2006. Retrieved October 10, 2006.
  10. ^ "Hyperwar USMC". Retrieved 2007-04-30.
  11. ^ Richard Worth; David Williams; Richard Leonard; Mark Horan. "Order of Battle: Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands, 26 October 1942". World War II - Battles of the Pacific. NavWeaps. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
  12. ^ *Robert F. Dorr (January 26, 2004). "Damn the Torpedoes! Former VCNO excelled in combat, technical roles". Navy Times. Retrieved 2006-10-21.
  13. ^ "The Submarine Forces Diversity Trailblazer - Capt. Marion Frederick Ramirez de Arellano"; Summer 2007 Undersea Warfare magazine; pg.31
  14. ^ "CAPT Marion Frederic Ramírez de Arellano". USNA graduates of Hispanic descent for the Class of 1911, 1915, 1924, 1927, 1931, 1935, 1939, 1943, 1947. Association of Naval Services Officers. February 27, 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-03-15.
  15. ^ *Sontag, Sherry; and Christopher Drew; with Annette Lawrence Drew (1998). Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage. Public Affairs. ISBN 0-06-097771-X. OCLC 45342848.
  16. ^ "First Lieutenant Baldomero Lopez, USMC". Who's who in Marine Corps History. Archived from the original on 2007-04-30. Retrieved 2007-05-07.
  17. ^ Hispanics in America's Defense By DIANE Publishing, Retrieved March 4, 2007
  18. ^ "Rear Admiral Benjamin F. Montoya, USN, Ret. - CEO, SmartSystems Technologies". NASA Advisory Council. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Archived from the original on 2009-01-19. Retrieved 2007-04-13.
  19. ^ "Japan, Commander US Naval Forces - Lists of Commanding Officers and Senior Officials of the US Navy". Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy. Archived from the original on 2007-12-02. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
  20. ^ "History of the Board of Inspection and Survey". Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command, United States Navy. Archived from the original on 2005-12-16. Retrieved 2007-04-17.
  21. ^ United States Navy press release (September 1993). "Navy Celebrates Hispanic Heritage Contributions". FindArticles.com. Retrieved 2007-04-17.[dead link]
  22. ^ "USNA graduates of Hispanic descent, Class of 1960 - present (Flag Rank)". Association of Naval Service Officers. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-04-15.
  23. ^ "Rear Admiral George E. Mayer, Commander, Naval Safety Center". U.S. Navy Biographies. United States Navy. Retrieved 2007-04-13.
  24. ^ Rudi Williams (October 8, 2005). "Admiral Earns Executive Excellence Award from Hispanic Engineers". DefenseLINK News. U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-04-17.
  25. ^ "Official Biography for Joseph V. Medina". United States Marine Corps. May 31, 2005. Archived from the original on 2007-02-15. Retrieved 2007-03-07.
  26. ^ "Rear Admiral Jay A. DeLoach". U.S. Navy Biographies. United States Navy. Retrieved 2007-04-08.
  27. ^ "NASA Biographical Data-Lopez-Alegria". Astronaut Biographies. NASA. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
  28. ^ Rear Admiral Patrick H. Brady Commander, Naval Undersea Warfare Center
  29. ^ Ramirez, Anna Tulia. "Working Woman: Commander Lilia L. Ramirez, U.S. Navy (Retired), Natural Born Leader & Pioneer". Para MI. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-05-31.
  30. ^ "NASA Biographical Data-Christopher J. "Gus" Loria". Astronaut Biographies. NASA. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
  31. ^ "Eight Hispanic American Space Explorers". NASA Facts. Retrieved 2007-05-07.[permanent dead link]