Location of the historic churches of Sai Kung
Location of the historic churches of Sai Kung

The historic churches of Sai Kung form a group of 11 Roman Catholic churches and chapels established in the 19th and 20th centuries by missionaries in the Sai Kung Peninsula and surrounding islands, across modern day administrative areas: the Sai Kung District and Sai Kung North of Tai Po District.[1]

History

The churches were established by missionaries from the Seminary of Foreign Missions of Milan (now the Pontifical Institute for Foreign Missions).[2] The first missionary to take up residence in Sai Kung Peninsula, in 1865, was Fr. P. Gaetano Origo (1835-1868).[3] A first chapel was opened in the market town of Sai Kung in the late 1865.[4]: 125 

List of churches

Note: A territory-wide grade reassessment of historic buildings is ongoing. The churches with a "Not listed" status in the table below are not graded and do not appear in the list of historic buildings considered for grading.

Location Notes Status References Photographs
Tai Long Tsuen (大浪村), Tai Long Wan
22°25′03″N 114°22′18″E / 22.417524°N 114.371676°E / 22.417524; 114.371676 (Chapel of the Immaculate Conception, Tai Long Tsuen)
Chapel of the Immaculate Conception (聖母無原罪小堂)

Built in 1867.

Grade III [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7]
Chek Keng
22°25′16″N 114°21′00″E / 22.421198°N 114.349919°E / 22.421198; 114.349919 (Holy Family Chapel, Chek Keng)
Holy Family Chapel (聖家小堂). Built in 1874 to replace an earlier chapel that had been damaged by a storm in 1867. The whole village later converted to Catholicism. During the Japanese Occupation of Hong Kong, the chapel was a base of the Hong Kong-Kowloon Independent Battalion of the East River Guerrilla (東江縱隊港九獨立大隊). Grade II [8] [9] [10]
Tan Ka Wan (蛋家灣)
22°27′05″N 114°21′39″E / 22.451285°N 114.360923°E / 22.451285; 114.360923 (St. Peter's Chapel, Tan Ka Wan)
St. Peter's Chapel (聖伯多祿小堂)

Built in 1873. It also housed the Sung Ming School (崇明學校).

Pending [11] [12]
Sham Chung (深涌)
22°26′36″N 114°17′12″E / 22.443210°N 114.286710°E / 22.443210; 114.286710 (Epiphany of Our Lord Chapel, Sam Chung)
Epiphany of Our Lord Chapel (三王來朝小堂)

Established in 1879. Rebuilt in 1956. The Chapel housed a school called Kung Man School (公民學校), which had about 50 pupils and two teachers.[5]

Pending [13]
Pak Sha O (白沙澳)
22°26′52″N 114°19′09″E / 22.44785°N 114.319266°E / 22.44785; 114.319266 (Immaculate Heart of Mary Chapel, Pak Sha O)
Immaculate Heart of Mary Chapel (聖母無玷之心小堂). A first chapel was built in Pak Sha O in 1880 on another site.[2] The conversion of Pak Sha O into a Catholic village partly resulted from the desire of the villagers to combat the harassment of the tax-lords of Sheung Shui. The current chapel was built between 1915 and 1923. The site is now used as a training campsite by the Catholic Scout Guild. Grade III [14] [15]
Yim Tin Tsai
22°22′39″N 114°18′06″E / 22.377457°N 114.301681°E / 22.377457; 114.301681 (St. Joseph's Chapel, Yim Tin Tsai)
St. Joseph's Chapel (鹽田梓聖若瑟小堂)

A first chapel was built in Yim Tin Tsai in 1866.[4] By 1875, the entire community of Yim Tin Tsai had embraced Catholicism.[2] Built in 1890, the current chapel received the Award of Merit by the UNESCO Asia Pacific Heritage Awards for Cultural Heritage Conservation in 2005.

Grade II [16] [17] [18]
Pak Tam Chung (北潭涌)
22°23′30″N 114°19′16″E / 22.391804°N 114.321110°E / 22.391804; 114.321110 (Our Lady of the Seven Sorrows Chapel, Pak Tam Chung)
Our Lady of Sorrows Chapel aka. Our Lady of the Seven Sorrows Chapel (聖母七苦小堂)

Built in 1900.

Pending [19]
Pak A (北丫), High Island
22°21′16″N 114°20′58″E / 22.354524°N 114.349386°E / 22.354524; 114.349386 (Lung Shun Wan Mission Centre)
Lung Shun Wan Mission Centre (龍船灣天主堂)

Built in 1910.

Not listed [20] [21]
Long Ke (浪茄)
22°22′35″N 114°22′30″E / 22.376502°N 114.375000°E / 22.376502; 114.375000 (Nativity of Our Lady Chapel, Long Ke)
Nativity of Our Lady Chapel (聖母聖誕小堂)

Built in 1918.

Pending [22]
Wong Mo Ying (黃毛應), Tai Mong Tsai
22°24′12″N 114°17′43″E / 22.403394°N 114.295251°E / 22.403394; 114.295251 (Rosary Mission Centre, Wong Mo Ying)
Rosary Mission Centre (玫瑰小堂)

Built in 1940. On 3 February 1942, the Hong Kong-Kowloon Independent Battalion under the People's Anti-Japanese Principal Guerrilla Force of Guangdong, or Dongjiang Guerrilla Force, was established in Wong Mo Ying Church.[6][7]

Grade II [23] [24] [25] [26]
Sai Wan, Tai Long Wan
22°23′45″N 114°22′16″E / 22.395962°N 114.371073°E / 22.395962; 114.371073 (Star of the Sea Chapel, Sai Wan)
Star of the Sea Chapel aka. Star of the Sea Mass Centre (海星彌撒中心)

Built in 1953.

Pending [27] [28]

See also

References

  1. ^ "District Council Constitutency Boundaries - Tai Po District (Sheet 2)" (PDF). Electoral Affairs Commission. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Heaver, Stuart (27 February 2016). "The abandoned churches of Sai Kung: how Italian missionaries established Hakka congregations in Hong Kong". South China Morning Post.
  3. ^ In Memoriam: Fr.P. Gaetano Origo
  4. ^ a b Ticozzi, Sergio (2008). "The Catholic Church in Nineteenth Century Village Life in Hong Kong" (PDF). Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch. 48: 111–149. ISSN 1991-7295. (A previous version of this paper was presented at a Seminar 'Hong Kong: its people, culture and traditions, the Centre of Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong. 15-16 April 1983)
  5. ^ Antiquities Advisory Board. Historic Building Appraisal: Old House Ha Wai, Sham Chung Tsuen
  6. ^ Chan, Sui-jeung (2009). East River Column: Hong Kong Guerrillas in the Second World War and After. Hong Kong University Press. p. 85. ISBN 9789622098503.
  7. ^ Chen Daming, Hong Kong's Anti-Japanese Guerrilla Force (香港抗日游擊隊) (Hong Kong: Universal Press, 2000), pp. 26-27; Choi Chung Man, "Sai Kung People's Support for the Hong Kong-Kowloon Independent Company" (西貢人民對港九大隊的支持), in Chui Yuet Ching, ed., Active in Hong Kong: A Record of Anti-Japanese Efforts of the Hong Kong-Kowloon Independent Battalion in Sai Kung (活躍在 香江:港九大隊西貢地區抗日實錄) (Hong Kong: Joint Publishing, 1993), pp. 168-172. (References cited in The Tai Po Book, p. 205).

Further reading

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