Istanbul University
İstanbul Üniversitesi
File:Istanbulunilogo.jpg
Motto"Leadership in Higher Education for Centuries"
TypeState university
Established1453
RectorProf. Dr. Mesut Parlak
Undergraduates60,000
Postgraduates8,000
Location, ,
CampusBeyazıt, Vezneciler, Avcılar
Çapa, Cerrahpaşa, Kadıköy
FounderSultan Mehmed II (1453)
Sultan Abdülmecid I (1846)
Sultan Abdülaziz I (1870)
Sultan Abdülhamid II (1900)
Sultan Mehmed V (1912)
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1933)
Websitehttp://www.istanbul.edu.tr
Main entrance gate of Istanbul University on Beyazıt Square, which was known as Forum Tauri in the Roman period. Beyazıt Tower, located within the campus, is seen in the background.
Istanbul University main building with statue of Atatürk in front of it
Main building interior with skylight
Byzantine remains next to Beyazıt Tower

Istanbul University (Turkish: İstanbul Üniversitesi) is Turkey's main and oldest prestige unversity. Its graduates have frequently been the main source of academic staff for the Turkish university system, as well as providing a very large number of Turkish bureaucrats, professionals, and business people. The campus and faculties are numerous and spread throughout Istanbul, the main campus being next to Beyazit Square.

History

Its history goes back when it was founded as an institution of higher education named the Darülfünun (House of Multiple Sciences) on July 23, 1846; but the Medrese (Theological School), which was founded immediately after Mehmed II conquered (Istanbul) in 1453, is regarded as the precursor to the Darülfünun which evolved into Istanbul University.[1]

German historian Richard Honig believes that the history of the Medrese which first evolved into the Darülfünun and later became Istanbul University actually started on March 1, 1321, during the reign of Osman I in Bithynia, the cradle of the Ottoman State.[2]

The first modern Applied Physics courses were given at the Darülfünun on December 31, 1863, which marked the beginning of a new period, and on February 20, 1870, the school was renamed as the Darülfünun-u Osmani (Ottoman House of Multiple Sciences) and reorganized to meet the needs of modern sciences and technologies. Starting from 1874, some classes of Literature, Law and Applied Sciences were given at the building of Galatasaray Lisesi, which continued regularly until 1881. On September 1, 1900, the school was renamed and reorganized as the Darülfünun-u Şahane (Imperial House of Multiple Sciences) with courses on Mathematics, Literature and Theology. On April 20, 1912, the school was renamed as the İstanbul Darülfünunu (Istanbul House of Multiple Sciences) while the number of courses were increased and the curricula were modernized with the establishment of the Schools of Medicine, Law, Applied Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics), Literature and Theology. On April 21, 1924, the Republic of Turkey recognized the İstanbul Darülfünunu as a state school, and on October 7, 1925, the administrative autonomy of İstanbul Darülfünunu was recognized while the "Schools" (within the old Medrese system) became modern "Faculties". On August 1, 1933, İstanbul Darülfünunu was reorganized as İstanbul Üniversitesi (Istanbul University) following the educational reforms of Atatürk. Classes officially began on November 1, 1933, in "the first modern university" of the Republic of Turkey.

Campus

The university currently has seventeen faculties on five campuses, the main campus being on Beyazıt Square in Istanbul, which was known as the Forum Tauri in the Roman period. It has a teaching staff of 2,000 professors and associates and 4,000 assistants and younger staff. More than 60,000 undergraduate and 8,000 postgraduate students follow the courses offered by Istanbul University every year. The main campus with its landmark gate actually used to be the Ottoman ministry of war. Located on the grounds is the Beyazıt Tower, a 85 metre tall fire-watch tower. The grounds before that was the location of the Eski Palace (Old Palace). Some roman and byzantine ruins are still visible on the grounds.

Faculties

Notable alumni

Turkish Presidents
Foreign Presidents
Turkish Prime Ministers
Foreign Prime Ministers
Turkish Ministers
Columnists
  • Haşmet Babaoğlu
Scientists
Writers
Poets
Musicians
Other
  • Mahir Kaynak - Intelligence Specialist
  • Deniz Gezmiş - Student Leader in the 1970s

References and notes

Media related to Istanbul University at Wikimedia Commons


41°00′46.93″N 28°57′49.95″E / 41.0130361°N 28.9638750°E / 41.0130361; 28.9638750