John F. Kennedy Federal Building
The John F. Kennedy Federal Building (2006)
General information
Architectural styleSixties Modern
Address15 Sudbury Street, Government Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Coordinates42°21′41″N 71°03′34″W / 42.36144°N 71.05936°W / 42.36144; -71.05936
Named forJohn F. Kennedy
Year(s) built1963-1966
Opened1966; 58 years ago (1966)
Height387 feet (118 m)
Technical details
MaterialSteel, reinforced concrete, glass
Floor count26 floors each; 4 floor corridor
Design and construction
Architect(s)Walter Gropius, The Architects Collaborative, Samuel Glaser
Structural engineerLeMessurier Consultants
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
NRHP reference No.SG100007130
Added to NRHPNovember 15, 2021

John Fitzgerald Kennedy Federal Building is a United States federal government office building located in the Government Center area of Boston, Massachusetts, adjacent to City Hall Plaza and diagonally across from Boston City Hall. An example of 1960s modern architecture, and designed by Walter Gropius and The Architects Collaborative with Samuel Glaser, it is a complex that consists of two offset 26-floor towers that sit on-axis to each other and a low rise building of four floors that connects to the two towers through an enclosed glass corridor.[1] The two towers stand at a height of 387 feet (118 m).[2] The complex was built in 1963-1966.[1] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2021.[3]

Significant events

The two towers
The low-rise building

Building facts


The building is bounded by Cambridge, Sudbury, and Congress streets. The building consists of twin 26-story high-rise towers, which sit on axis to each other, and a low, 4-story building. This combination of tall towers paired with low buildings is a common Modern form that is used extensively throughout the United States and abroad. The double towers increase the number of offices lit by natural light and decrease the visual bulk that a single monolithic building would create. The building contains 839,000 square feet (77,900 m2).

The exterior of the towers is constructed of pre-cast reinforced concrete. The lower sections are faced with polished granite. All aluminum work has a dark anodized finish in a medium gray tone. A glass-enclosed walkway connects the four-story building to the towers. Like the towers, the low building's facade is made of concrete and glass. Overall, the exterior lacks ornamentation, instead displaying a stark functionality. Bands of windows wrap around the towers; corner windows have rounded edges. The bases of the towers have arcades with entrances set back beneath a covered area supported by piers. The tops of the towers are distinguished by metal louvers. An exposed glass atrium connects the two towers at the ground level. A glass-enclosed walkway connects the four-story building to the towers. Like the towers, the low building's facade is made of concrete and glass. Vertical slabs form piers that interrupt the horizontality of the building and create the off-center entrance, which is articulated by a cantilevered porch. A protruding second story creates a covered pathway to shelter visitors.

The building's design result in 45% 4.6-acre (19,000 m2)of the available space being occupied by the structure. The remaining portion contains terraces, plazas, landscaping, a sunken patio, and driveways. Plazas are surfaced with stone in most sections. Paved walkways are interspersed throughout. A tiered stair platform of cement and brick leads to the low building.

In 1963, Gropius and Glaser saw sculpture by artist Dimitri Hadzi, who worked in Modern abstract forms, and decided Hadzi's style would be appropriate for the federal building. They commissioned Hadzi to produce a bronze sculpture called Thermopylae, which is located in front of one of the towers. The abstract sculpture was created in 1966 and inspired by President Kennedy's book, Profiles in Courage, and his war record. Two other artists created tributes to John F. Kennedy. Herbert Ferber designed an abstract sculpture of welded copper and stainless steel titled Full Circle: Profile in Courage, which is in the interior light court. New England Elegy, a controversial mural by Robert Motherwell,[4] occupies the area between the towers and the low-rise building. Revolving exhibits in the building often focus on aspects of Kennedy's life and presidency.

Selected tenants

As of 2010, the Kennedy building housed offices for:


See also



  1. ^ a b "John F. Kennedy Federal Building, Boston, MA". Retrieved 2018-08-24.
  2. ^ "John F. Kennedy Federal Building | Buildings". Boston /: Emporis. Retrieved 2013-11-01.[dead link]
  3. ^ "Weekly listing". National Park Service.
  4. ^ Library of Congress record of New England Elegy.
  5. ^ [1] Archived January 20, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services - Office Locator : Office Detail". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  7. ^ "HHS/OS Organizational Directory (OPHS/RHA/Region I - Boston) - Browse". 2009-01-13. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  8. ^ "Directions - Locations". 2010-07-23. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  9. ^ [2] Archived November 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ [3] Archived May 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine