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Joint warfare is a military doctrine that places priority on the integration of the various branches of a state's armed forces into one unified command. Joint warfare is in essence a form of combined arms warfare on a larger, national scale, in which complementary forces from a state's army, navy, air, coastal, space, and special forces are meant to work together in joint operations, rather than planning and executing military operations separately.

Its origins can be traced to the 1938 establishment of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, the world's first joint higher command structure, but it should not be seen as the same level of "jointness" as U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff.[1]

The United States Department of Defense, which endorses joint warfare as an overriding doctrine for its forces, describes it as "team warfare," which "requires the integrated and synchronized application of all appropriate capabilities. The synergy that results maximizes combat capability in unified action." The priority on national unity of effort means that practitioners of joint warfare must acknowledge the importance of the interagency process, including the priorities, capabilities, and resources of other non-uniformed agencies (such as intelligence services) in military planning.

Military operations conducted by armed forces from two or more allied countries are referred to by the U.S. Department of Defense as combined operations.

See also



  1. ^ Hayward 1999, p. 104.


  • Hayward, Joel (1999). "A case study in early joint warfare: An analysis of the Wehrmacht's Crimean campaign of 1942". Journal of Strategic Studies. 22 (4): 103–130. doi:10.1080/01402399908437771.
  • Hayward, Joel (2000). Adolf Hitler and Joint Warfare. Military Studies Institute. ISBN 9780478114515.
  • United States Department of Defense publication JP 1, "Doctrine for the Armed Forces of the United States" (pdf document)
  • Zaloga, Steven J. Sicily, 1943: The Debut of Allied Joint Operations (Osprey, 2013) 96 pp.