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Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishad (KSSP) (meaning: Kerala Science Literature Movement) is a project in the state of Kerala, India.

It was conceived as a people's science movement.[1] When it was founded in 1962, it was a 40-member group consisting of science writers and teachers, with an interest in science from a social perspective. Its membership has grown to about 60,000, in about 2,300 units spread over Kerala.[2] In 1996, the group received the Right Livelihood Award "for its major contribution to a model of development rooted in social justice and popular participation."

Introduction

The original objective of KSSP was limited to publishing scientific literature in Malayalam, the local language, and popularizing science.[3] However it was soon realized that publication and giving lessons were not enough to popularize science. KSSP chose as its mission giving people the tools of science and technology. Thus in 1974, KSSP decided to become a people's science movement and adopted "science for social revolution" as its motto.[4] It has grown into a people's science movement with a membership of about 60,000 and distributed in about 2,300 units within the state of Kerala. KSSP is involved, broadly in three types of activities: education, agitatative (sic), and constructive(sic), in areas like environment, health, education, energy, literacy, micro planning and development in general.[4]

B Ramesh is the president and Joji Koottummel the general secretary. Intellectuals and activists such as M. K. Prasad, R. V. G. Menon, Kavumbayi Balakrishnan, B. Ekbal,K K Krishnakumar, Prof K R Janardanan, R Radhakrishnan, K. Pappooty, M. P. Parameswaran, Kunhikkannan TP, T Radhamani, Dr K N Ganesh, Dr K P Aravindan, T Gangandharan have been past presidents of the organization[citation needed].

History

On September 10, 1962, Kozhikode Devagiri College, Principal Fr. Theodosius inaugurated the Kerala Sasthra Sahithya Parishad.[3] K. Bhaskaran Nair was the first president.[3]

Publications

This section relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources.Find sources: "Kerala Sasthra Sahithya Parishad" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (November 2019)

KSSP publishes two monthly magazines, Sastrakeralam for secondary school students and Sastragathi, and a biweekly, Eureka[5] (for primary school students) and a newsletter Parishad Vartha. Eureka and Sastrakeralam are intended for children and the newsletter for members. Sastragathi is the organization's main magazine. KSSP's major contribution is publishing science books in Malayalam with about 700 titles published. One of the books published is Jeevarekha by Dr. M. P. Parameswaran. KSSP has published hundreds of small booklets, related to different issues. LUCA is the online science portal of KSSP.

Books published by KSSP

Research

Kerala Padanam

In 2004, KSSP conducted a survey of the living conditions in Kerala. The survey was titled Kerala Padanam-Keralam engane jeevikkunnu Keralam Engane Chinthikkunnu, translated as The Kerala Study-How Does Kerala Live? How Does Kerala Think?. It covered about 6000 households in the state. The activists spent time with each family to understand their lifestyle and thoughts. The population of Kerala has been divided into four classes or groups. Around 40% of the people are very poor, and only a minority of about 10% of the people belong to the upper middle class and control their state of affairs.[6] The findings were published in a book with the same title as the survey Kerala Padanam-Keralam engane jeevikkunnu Keralam Engane Chinthikkunnu.[7][8]

Products

KSSP has developed self-reliant products and marketed them though its units and the local offices of the Parishad Production Centre and the Samata Production Center which are attached to district KSSP offices.[9]

Hot box

Hot box is an energy efficient therrmocol box which keeps the temperature constant, saving energy and fuel. It is used for rice cooking and keeping normal food items hot. When rice is cooked normally, the fire is maintained until it is cooked. If the water temperature can be maintained at 100 °C (212 °F) without further heating, fuel is saved. This is what the Hot Box is designed to do. Rice is cooked in water until it has boiled and the bowl is put in the Hotbox until it is fully cooked.[9]

Portable Biogas Plant

IRTC, the research wing of KSSP has launched another product , the Portable biogas plant. This helps with the proper disposal of waste and conserves energy.[9]

References

  1. ^ Olle Tornquist (March 1995). The Next Left?: Democratisation and Attempts to Renew the Radical Political Development Project – The Case of Kerala (NIAS Reports). NIAS Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-8787062404.
  2. ^ "About Us". Kerala Sasthra Sahithya Parishad. Retrieved 23 August 2016. This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under an Attribution 2.5 India (CC BY 2.5 IN) license.
  3. ^ a b c "ശാസ്ത്ര പ്രചാരണത്തിന്റെ ആറ് പതിറ്റാണ്ട്‌". Deshabhimani (in Malayalam). Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  4. ^ a b "About Us - KSSP". 20 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Magazines | Kerala Sasthra Sahithya Parishad". www.kssp.in. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
  6. ^ "Directorate of Minority Welfare". Archived from the original on 9 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Shodhganga : a reservoir of Indian theses @ INFLIBNET" (PDF). Retrieved 1 August 2023.
  8. ^ Nayar, Kesavan Rajasekharan (2014). Critical Reflections on Health Services Development in India: The Teleology of Disorder. Lexington Books. p. 155. ISBN 9780739192078. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  9. ^ a b c "Products". www.kssp.in. Kerala Sasthra Sahithya Parishad. Retrieved 20 August 2016. This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under an Attribution 2.5 India (CC BY 2.5 IN) license.