.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (October 2021) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 8,947 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Konrad Wolf]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Konrad Wolf)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Konrad Wolf
Wolf in 1970
Born(1925-10-20)20 October 1925
Died7 March 1982(1982-03-07) (aged 56)
OccupationFilm director
Years active1954–1982
Spouse
(1960⁠–⁠1978)
ParentFriedrich Wolf
RelativesMarkus Wolf (brother)
Konrad Wolf addressing NVA soldiers in 1981, under the motto Kunst ist Waffe ("art is weapon", a quote from his father Friedrich Wolf).
Grave in Zentralfriedhof Friedrichsfelde.

Konrad Wolf (20 October 1925 – 7 March 1982) was an East German film director. He was the son of writer, doctor and diplomat Friedrich Wolf, and the younger brother of Stasi spymaster Markus Wolf. "Koni" was his nickname.

Biography

Because his father was Jewish and was an ardent and outspoken member of the German Communist Party (KPD) since 1928, he and his family left Germany via Austria, Switzerland, and France for Moscow when the Nazis took power in March 1933, where, arriving in March 1934, Wolf came into intense contact with Soviet film.[1][2]

At age 10, he played a minor role in the film Kämpfer, filmed among the German Communist emigrants in Moscow. In 1936, his family became Soviet citizens but then fell under suspicion leading to his father leaving for Spain in 1937 to serve as a doctor in the International Brigades during the Spanish Civil War.[1][2][a] He and his older brother attended the Karl Liebknecht School in Moscow.[2]

He became friends with Louis Fischer's son Viktor Fischer and Wilhelm Wloch's son Lothar Wloch (1923–1976) who was later a German building contractor.[b] In December 1942 at age 17, he volunteered into the Red Army, was sent to the front as an interpreter, served in the Caucasus campaigns, was present for the liberation of Warsaw, and was among the first troops to reach Berlin in 1945.[1][2] After the war, he was a cultural officer at Halle and Berlin and was a reporter for the Berliner Zeitung which began publishing again on 21 May 1945.[1][2] He remained in the Soviet Army until 1948. He later described these events in the 1968 film, Ich war neunzehn (I Was Nineteen).[citation needed]

Shortly after the war, Wolf returned to Moscow, where he studied at VGIK and was perplexed about whether he should be German or Russian and then live in Germany or the Soviet Union.[1] His 1959 film Sterne (German: Stars) won the Special Jury Prize at the 1959 Cannes Film Festival.[6] In 1961, his film Professor Mamlock was entered into the 2nd Moscow International Film Festival where it won the Golden Prize.[7]

His 1971 film, Goya or the Hard Way to Enlightenment was entered into the 7th Moscow International Film Festival where it won a Special Prize.[8]

He worked afterwards as a film director at DEFA. He was honorary president of the Union of Art from 1959 until 1966,[9] and president of the DDR Academy of Arts, Berlin from 1965 until his death in 1982.

In 1978, he was a member of the jury at the 28th Berlin International Film Festival.[10] In 1980, his film Solo Sunny was entered into the 30th Berlin International Film Festival.[11]

He was married to the actress Christel Bodenstein from 1960 to 1978. He was cremated and honoured with burial in the Pergolenweg Ehrengrab section of Berlin's Friedrichsfelde Cemetery.

Films

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Following the defeat of the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War, Friedrich Wolf was interned as a refugee at Camp Vernet, which repressively interned Germans, Communists, Soviet citizens, members of the International Brigades, etc. as "suspect foreigners" from February 1939 until September 1939 and, after the fall of France in June 1940, it was a concentration camp in Vichy France. Following the signing of the non aggression pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, he returned to Moscow in 1941, helped broadcast anti-Nazi radio propaganda in German to Nazi troops during World War II and helped found the National Committee for a Free Germany.[3][4]
  2. ^ In 1989, Markus Wolf wrote about the three friends Koni, Vik, and Lothar in The Troika.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Sylvester, Regine (18 February 2016). "Wolfgang Jacobsen und Rolf Aurich legen eine Biografie des Filmregisseurs Konrad Wolf vor: Ein Bild von einem Mann" [Wolfgang Jacobsen and Rolf Aurich present a biography of the film director Konrad Wolf: A picture of a man]. Berliner Zeitung (in German). Archived from the original on 18 February 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Solo Sunny" Archived 2008-06-10 at the Wayback Machine DEFA Film Library at the University of Massachusetts Amherst Amherst. Retrieved November 19, 2011
  3. ^ Bocanegra, Lidia (12 January 2021). "1939, The Republican exodus". Exiliados. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  4. ^ "Camp d'Internement du Vernet-d'Ariège (09)" [Internment Camp of Vernet-d'Ariège (09)]. Chemins de Memoire (in French). 16 April 2009. Archived from the original on 16 April 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Ex-Spymaster Has Germans Curious". New York Times. 18 October 1991. Archived from the original on 10 February 2021. Retrieved 9 February 2021.
  6. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Stars". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
  7. ^ "2nd Moscow International Film Festival (1961)". MIFF. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved 2012-11-04.
  8. ^ "7th Moscow International Film Festival (1971)". MIFF. Archived from the original on April 3, 2014. Retrieved 2012-12-22.
  9. ^ "Gew. Kunst (1949-90) - Gew. Kunst, Kultur, Medien (1990)". FDGB-Lexikon. Freidrich Ebert Stiftung. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Berlinale 1978: Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-08-04.
  11. ^ "Berlinale 1980: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-08-22.
Trade union offices Preceded byHeinrich Allmeroth President of the Union of Art 1959–1966 Succeeded byHans-Peter Minetti