University of Massachusetts Amherst
Latin: Universitas Massachusettensis
Former names
Massachusetts Agricultural College (1863–1931)[1]
Massachusetts State College (1931–1947)
MottoEnse petit placidam sub libertate quietem (Latin)
Motto in English
"By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty."
TypePublic land-grant research university
EstablishedApril 29, 1863; 161 years ago (1863-04-29)[2]
Parent institution
University of Massachusetts
AccreditationNECHE
Academic affiliations
Five Colleges
Endowment$507 million (2023)[3]
ChancellorJavier Reyes
ProvostTricia Serio[4]
Academic staff
1,550 (2023)[5]
Students31,810 (2023)[6]
Undergraduates23,936 (2023)[7]
Postgraduates7,874 (2023)[8]
Location, ,
United States

42°23′20″N 72°31′40″W / 42.38889°N 72.52778°W / 42.38889; -72.52778
CampusLarge suburb, 1,463 acres (5.92 km2)
NewspaperThe Massachusetts Daily Collegian
ColorsMaroon and white[9]
   
NicknameMinutemen and Minutewomen[10]
Sporting affiliations
MascotSam the Minuteman[11]
Websitewww.umass.edu

The University of Massachusetts Amherst (UMass Amherst) is a public land-grant research university in Amherst, Massachusetts. It is the flagship campus of the University of Massachusetts system, and was founded in 1863 as the Massachusetts Agricultural College. It is also a member of the Five College Consortium, along with four other colleges in the Pioneer Valley.

With more than 31,000 students, UMASS Amherst is the second largest university in Massachusetts by enrollment after Northeastern University.[12] The university offers academic degrees in 109 undergraduate, 77 master's, and 48 doctoral programs. Programs are coordinated in nine schools and colleges.[13] It is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity".[14] According to the National Science Foundation, the university spent $211 million on research and development in 2018.[15][13]

The university's 21 varsity athletic teams compete in NCAA Division I and are collectively known as the Minutemen and Minutewomen. The university is a member of the Atlantic 10 Conference while playing ice hockey in Hockey East and football as an FBS independent school.

History

Foundation and early years

The university was founded in 1863 under the provisions of the Federal Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act to provide instruction to Massachusetts citizens in "agricultural, mechanical, and military arts." Accordingly, the university was initially named the Massachusetts Agricultural College. In 1867, the college had yet to admit any students and had not completed any buildings but had been through two presidents. That same year, William S. Clark was appointed President of the college and Professor of Botany. He appointed a faculty, coordinated the completion of construction, and, in the fall of 1867, welcomed the first class of approximately 50 students. Clark became the first president to serve long-term after the school's opening.[16] Of the school's founding figures, there are a traditional "founding four" – Clark, Levi Stockbridge, Charles Goessmann, and Henry Hill Goodell.[17][18]

The University's Centennial Seal
Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
The University's Centennial Seal and Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher who was president when Massachusetts Agricultural College changed its name to Massachusetts State College in 1931.[19]

The original buildings consisted of Old South College, North College, the Chemistry Laboratory, the Boarding House, the Botanic Museum, and the Durfee Plant House.[20]

The fledgling college grew under the leadership of President Henry Hill Goodell. In the 1880s, Goodell implemented an expansion plan, adding the College Drill Hall in 1883, the Old Chapel Library in 1885, and the East and West Experiment Stations in 1886 and 1890.

The early 20th century saw expansion in enrollment and curriculum. The first female student was admitted in 1875 on a part-time basis and the first full-time female student was admitted in 1892. In 1903, Draper Hall was constructed for the dual purpose of a dining hall and female housing. The first female students graduated with the class of 1905. The first dedicated female dormitory, the Abigail Adams House (on the site of today's Lederle Tower) was built in 1920.[21]

Panoramic view of campus, 1916
Panoramic view of campus, 1916; in the foreground at the left is the Apiary Laboratory, Fernald Hall, the Old Chapel, and Clark Hall, in the distance to the right can be seen French Hall and Stockbridge Hall

Modern era

By the 1970s, the University continued to grow and gave rise to a shuttle bus service on campus as well as many other architectural additions; this included the Murray D. Lincoln Campus Center complete with a hotel, office space, fine dining restaurant, campus store, and passageway to the parking garage, the W. E. B. Du Bois Library, and the Fine Arts Center.

Over the next two decades, the John W. Lederle Graduate Research Center and the Conte National Polymer Research Center were built and UMass Amherst emerged as a major research facility. The Robsham Memorial Center for Visitors welcomed thousands of guests to campus after its dedication in 1989. For athletic and other large events, the Mullins Center was opened in 1993.

21st century

In 2003, Massachusetts State Legislature designated the University of Massachusetts Amherst as a research university and the "flagship campus of the University of Massachusetts system".[22][23] The university was named a top producer of Fulbright Award winners in the 2008–2009 academic year. Additionally, in 2010, it was named one of the "Top Colleges and Universities Contributing to Teach For America's 2010 Teaching Corps."[24]

From World War II to 2023, the imagery on the official seal of the university was nearly identical to the state flag of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.[25] That image of the seal has been slowly removed starting in 2011, until March, 2023 when a new image of the seal, featuring a profile of the Old Chapel spire, was ratified by the campus.[26]

Organization and administration

See also: List of chancellors of the University of Massachusetts Amherst

Colleges and schools

College/School Year founded
Stockbridge School of Agriculture 1870
College of Education 1907
College of Humanities & Fine Arts 1915
School of Public Health and Health Sciences 1937
College of Social and Behavioral Sciences 1938
Isenberg School of Management 1947
College of Engineering 1947
Elaine N. Marieb College of Nursing 1953
College of Natural Sciences 2009
Manning College of Information and Computer Sciences 2015
School of Public Policy 2016

Since the University of Massachusetts Amherst was founded as the Massachusetts Agricultural College in 1863, 25 individuals have been at the helm of the institution.[27] Originally, the chief executive of UMass Amherst was a president. When UMass Boston was founded in 1963, it was initially reckoned as an off-site department of the Amherst campus and was headed by a chancellor who reported to the president. A 1970 reorganization transferred day-to-day responsibility for UMass Amherst to a chancellor as well, with both chancellors reporting on an equal basis to the president. The title "President of the University of Massachusetts" now refers to the chief executive of the entire five-campus University of Massachusetts system.

The current Chancellor of the Amherst campus is Javier Reyes.[28] The Chancellor resides in Hillside, the campus residence for chancellors.[29] Reyes is the first person of Hispanic descent to serve as Chancellor of the university.[28]

There are approximately 1,300 full-time faculty at the university.[13] The university is organized into nine schools and colleges and offers 111 bachelor's degrees, 75 master's degrees, and 47 doctoral degrees.[13]

Academics

Rankings and reputation

Academic rankings
National
Forbes[30]126
U.S. News & World Report[31]67
Washington Monthly[32]90
WSJ / College Pulse[33]141
Global
ARWU[34]151–200
QS[35]245
THE[36]123
U.S. News & World Report[37]160

U.S. News & World Report's 2021 edition of America's Best Colleges ranked UMass Amherst tied for 66th on their list of "Best National Universities", and tied for 26th among 141 public universities in the U.S.[38] UMass Amherst is accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education.[39]

Commonwealth Honors College

Commonwealth Honors College at UMass provides students the opportunity to intensify their UMass academic curriculum. Membership in the honors college is not required to graduate from the University with designations such as magna or summa cum laude. In 2013, the University completed the Commonwealth Honors College Residential Community (CHCRC) on campus to serve the college, including classrooms, administration, and housing for 1,500 students and some faculty.[40]

Five College Consortium

UMass Amherst is part of the Five Colleges Consortium, which allows its students to attend classes, borrow books, work with professors, etc., at four other Pioneer Valley institutions: Amherst, Hampshire, Mount Holyoke, and Smith Colleges.

UMass Amherst holds the license for WFCR, the National Public Radio affiliate for Western Massachusetts. In 2014, the station moved its main operations to the Fuller Building on Main Street in Springfield, but retained some offices in Hampshire House on the UMass campus.[41]

Community service

The Community Engagement Program (CEP) offers courses that combine classroom learning and community service. Co-curricular service programs include the Alternative Spring Break, Engineers without Borders, the Legal Studies Civil Rights Clinical Project, the Medical Reserve Corps, Alpha Phi Omega, the Red Cross Club, the Rotaract Club, UCAN Volunteer, and the Veterans and Service Members Association (VSMA).

The White House has named UMass Amherst to the President's Higher Education Community Service Honor Roll for four consecutive years, in recognition of its commitment to volunteering, service learning, and civic engagement.[42] They have also been named a "Community-Engaged University" by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.[43]

Research

Main articles: List of research centers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and List of research groups at the University of Massachusetts Amherst

Student body composition as of May 2, 2022
Race and ethnicity[44] Total
White 61% 61
 
Asian 11% 11
 
Hispanic 8% 8
 
Foreign national 7% 7
 
Other[a] 7% 7
 
Black 5% 5
 
Economic diversity
Low-income[b] 20% 20
 
Affluent[c] 80% 80
 

UMass research activities totaled more than $200 million in fiscal year 2014 ($257,407,928 in today's money).[13] In 2016, the faculty adopted an open-access policy to make its scholarship publicly accessible online.[45]

A team of scientists at UMass led by Vincent Rotello has developed a molecular nose that can detect and identify various proteins. The research appeared in the May 2007 issue of Nature Nanotechnology, and the team is currently focusing on sensors, which will detect malformed proteins made by cancer cells.[46] Also, UMass Amherst scientists Richard Farris, Todd Emrick, and Bryan Coughlin led a research team that developed a synthetic polymer that does not burn. This polymer is a building block of plastic, and the new flame-retardant plastic will not need to have flame-retarding chemicals added to its composition. These chemicals have recently been found in many different areas from homes and offices to fish, and there are environmental and health concerns regarding the additives. The newly developed polymers would not require the addition of potentially hazardous chemicals.[47]

Admissions and enrollment

In 2012, the university reported that applications to the school had more than doubled since the Fall of 2003 and increased more than 80% since 2005.[48][49]

The incoming Class of 2022 had an average high school GPA of 3.90 out of a 4.0 weighted scale, up from an average GPA of 3.83 the year before. The average SAT score of the Class of 2022 was 1294/1600, and on average the students ranked in the top fifth of their high school class. Acceptance to the Commonwealth Honors College program of UMass Amherst is more selective with an average SAT score of 1409/1600 and an average weighted high school GPA of 4.29.[50]

Campus

Main article: Campus of the University of Massachusetts Amherst

See also: Chestnut Ridge Historical Area, East Ridge Historical Area, and Ellis Drive Historical Area

The W. E. B. Du Bois Library is the world's third tallest library[51] and the tallest university library.[52]

The University's campus is situated on 1,450 acres of historically Pocumtuc land,[53] mainly in the town of Amherst, but also partly in the neighboring town of Hadley. The campus extends about 1 mile (1.6 km) from the Campus Center in all directions and may be thought of as a series of concentric rings, with the innermost ring harboring academic buildings and research labs, surrounded by a ring of the seven residential areas and two university-owned apartment complexes. These include North Apartments, Sylvan, Northeast, Central, Orchard Hill, Southwest, Commonwealth Honors College Residential Complex., The two university-owned apartment complexes, North Village and Lincoln Apartments were demolished, and replaced by a private development called Fieldstone.[54] These are in turn surrounded by a ring of athletic facilities, smaller administration buildings, and parking lots.

The W.E.B. Du Bois Library is one of two library buildings on campus and the tallest academic research library in the world, standing 26 stories above ground and 286 feet (90.32 m) tall.[55] Before its construction in the late 1960s, Goodell Hall was the University library, which was built after the library had outgrown its space in the 1885 "Old Chapel" building. Originally known as Goodell Library, the building was named for Henry H. Goodell, who had served as College Librarian, Professor of Modern Languages and English Literature, and eighth President of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. The Library is well regarded for its innovative architectural design, which incorporates the bookshelves into the structural support of the building.[56] It is home of the memoirs and papers of the distinguished African-American activist and Massachusetts native W. E. B. Du Bois, as well as being the depository for other important collections, such as the papers of the late Congressman Silvio O. Conte. The library's special collections include works on movements for social change, African American history and culture, labor and industry, literature and the arts, agriculture, and the history of the surrounding region.[57]

The Science and Engineering Library is the other library on campus and is located in the Lederle Graduate Research Center Lowrise. UMass is also home to the DEFA Film Library, the only archive and study collection of East German films outside of Europe, and the Shirley Graham Du Bois Library in the New Africa House. The university has several buildings (constructed in the 1960s and 1970s) of importance in the modernist style, including the Murray D. Lincoln Campus Center and Hotel designed by Marcel Breuer, the Southwest Residential Area designed by Hugh Stubbins Jr. of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, The Fine Arts Center by Kevin Roche, the W.E.B. Du Bois Library by Edward Durell Stone, and Warren McGuirk Alumni Stadium by Gordon Bunshaft. Many of the older dorms and lecture halls are built in a Georgian Revival style such as French Hall, Fernald Hall, Stockbridge Hall, and Flint Laboratory.

The campus facilities underwent extensive renovations during the late 1990s. New and newly renovated facilities include student apartment complexes, the Hampshire Dining Commons, a library Learning Commons, a School of Management, an Integrated Science Building, a Nursing Building, a Studio Arts Building, the Combined Heat and Power (CHP) generation facility, a track facility, and a Recreation Center. Newly completed construction projects on campus include the new Campus Police Station, the George N. Parks Minuteman Marching Band Building, the Life Sciences Laboratories, and the Integrated Learning Center.[58]

Residential life

Main article: List of University of Massachusetts Amherst residence halls

Residential Life at the University of Massachusetts Amherst is one of the largest on-campus housing systems in the United States. Over 14,000 students live in 52 residence halls, while families, staff, and graduate students live in 345 units in two apartment complexes (North Village and Lincoln). The fifty-two residence halls and four undergraduate apartment buildings are grouped into seven separate and very different residential areas: Central, Northeast, Orchard Hill, Southwest, Sylvan, North Apartments, and the Commonwealth Honors College Residential Community (CHCRC).

Located in the central corridor of campus, the Honors Community houses undergraduate members of Commonwealth Honors College.[59]

Major campus expansion

Arnold House, part of Northeast Residential Area

The University of Massachusetts Amherst campus embarked on a 10-year, $1 billion ($1,613,107,822 in today's money) capital improvement program in 2004, setting the stage for re-visioning the campus's future.[60][61][62] This includes construction of $156 million New Science Laboratory Building, $30 million Champions Basketball Center, an $85 million academic building, and $30 million in renovations to the football stadium.[63]

In early 2016, the construction of a new electrical substation located near Tillson Farm was completed.[64] The purpose of the substation is to supply electricity to the university more efficiently and reliably, with estimated savings of $1 million per year ($1,269,551 in today's money).[64] The project was created in partnership with the utilities company Eversource, and cost approximately $26 million ($33,008,319 in today's money).[64]

In April 2017, the University of Massachusetts Amherst officially opened its new Design Building. Previously estimated at $50 million (62,150,421 in today's money) the 87,000 square feet (8,100 m2) facility is the most advanced CLT building in the United States and the largest modern wood building in the northeastern United States.[65][66]

Mount Ida Campus of UMass Amherst

The Southwest residential area as seen from the athletic fields.

On April 6, 2018, Mount Ida College announced that the University of Massachusetts would be absorbing its campus. Mount Ida students were given a guaranteed transfer to UMass Dartmouth, and the campus became part of UMass Amherst. The campus was named Mount Ida Campus of UMass Amherst and functions as a satellite campus for UMass Amherst. The campus primarily serves as a hub for Greater Boston-area career preparation and experiential learning opportunities for UMass Amherst students. The programs that are offered at the newly acquired campus will align the strengths of UMass Amherst with the growing demand for talent in areas that drive the Massachusetts economy, including health care, business, computer science, and other STEM specialties.[67]

Campus safety

Campus safety features include controlled dormitory access, emergency telephones, lighted sidewalks, and 24-hour campus police patrols on feet and by vehicle.[68]

Riots occurred after the Boston Red Sox lost the 1986 World Series and won in 2004 and 2007, after the Red Sox were eliminated in the 2003 and 2008 playoffs, after UMass' football team lost in the Division I-AA football championship game in 2006 and after the Patriots first Super Bowl victory over St. Louis in Super Bowl XXXVI. The majority of these riots have been non-violent on the side of the students, except for the 1986 riot in which an argument between hundreds of students intensified into racial altercations where a black student was attacked and beaten to unconsciousness by fifteen to twenty white students according to archives from The Republican. In the wake of these events, students have worked to have open dialogues with the administration and police department about campus safety, the right to gather, the police force, and better methods of crowd control.[69]

Iranian student admissions controversy

Life Science Laboratories Building

UMass Amherst issued an announcement in early 2015 stating, "The University has determined that it will no longer admit Iranian national students to specific programs in the College of Engineering (i.e., Chemical Engineering, Electrical & Computer Engineering, Mechanical & Industrial Engineering) and in the College of Natural Sciences (i.e., Physics, Chemistry, Microbiology, and Polymer Science & Engineering) effective February 1, 2015."[70] The University claims that this announcement was posted because a graduate student entered Iran for a project and was later denied a visa. This event along with urging from legal advisers contributed to the belief that such incidents inhibited their ability to give Iranian students a "full program of education and research for Iranian students" and thus justified changing their admissions policies. The ensuing criticism on and off campus, as well as wide media publicity, changed the minds of school officials. As a result, UMass made a statement on February 18 committing to once again allowing Iranian students to apply to the aforementioned graduate programs.[71] On the same day, an official in the U.S. Department of State stated in an interview that: "U.S. laws and regulations do not prevent Iranian people from traveling to the United States or studying in engineering program of any U.S. academic institutions."[72] UMass Amherst replaced the ban with a policy aimed at designing specific curricula for admitted Iranian nationals based on their needs. While less controversial, this policy has still generated backlash, with one student saying, "This university that's supposed to be so open-minded forcing him to sign a document saying he won't go home and build a bomb or something is just really disappointing to see."[73]

Student life

Arts on campus

University Museum of Contemporary Art
Fine Arts Center
University Museum of Contemporary Art and Fine Arts Center

The UMass Amherst campus offers a variety of artistic venues, both performance and visual art. The most prominent is the Fine Arts Center (FAC) built in 1975. The FAC brings theater, music, and dance performances to campus throughout the year into its performance spaces (Concert Hall, Bezanson Recital Hall, and Bowker Auditorium). These include several performance series: Jazz in July Summer Music Program, The Asian Arts & Culture Program, Center Series, and Magic Triangle Series presenting music, dance, and theater performances, cultural arts events, films, talks, workshops, masterclasses, and special family events. University Museum of Contemporary Art in the FAC has a permanent contemporary art collection of about 2,600 works and hosts numerous visual arts exhibitions each year as well as workshops, masterclasses, and artist residencies.[74]

The 9,000-seat Mullins Center, the multi-purpose arena of UMass Amherst hosts a wide variety of performances including speakers, rock concerts, and Broadway shows. In addition, the Music, Dance, and Theater Departments, the Renaissance Center, and multiple student groups dedicated to the arts provide an eclectic menu of performances throughout the year.

The Interdepartmental Program for Film Studies has been organizing the Massachusetts Multicultural Film Festival on campus since 1991.[75]

A red brick building with large windows and the text "Student Union" displayed at the top of the building. Several trees are near the building and a plaza and lawn are in front of it.
Student Union

Groups and activities

UMass Amherst looking southeast from the air
UMass Amherst looking southeast from the air

UMass Amherst has a history of protest and activism among the undergraduate and graduate population[76] and is home to over 200 registered student organizations (RSOs).

Student Government Association

The Student Government Association (SGA) is the undergraduate student governmental body and provides funding for the many registered student organizations (RSOs) and agencies, including the Student Legal Services Office (SLSO) and the Center for Student Business (CSB). The SGA also makes formal recommendations on matters of campus policy and advocates for undergraduate students to the Administration, non-student organizations, and local and state government. As of the 2023 school year, the SGA had a budget of over $7.5 million per year, which is collected from students in the form of the $266 per year Student Activities Fee.[77]

UMass permaculture

UMass permaculture is one of the first university permaculture initiatives in the nation and transforms marginalized landscapes on the campus into diverse, educational, low-maintenance, and edible gardens.[78] Rather than tilling the soil, a more sustainable landscaping method known as sheet mulching is employed. In November 2010, "about a quarter of a million pounds of organic matter was moved by hand", using all student and community volunteer labor and no fossil fuels on-site.[79] The process took about two weeks to complete. Now, the Franklin Permaculture Garden includes a diverse mixture of "vegetables, fruit trees, berry bushes, culinary herbs, and a lot of flowers that will attract beneficial insects."[79]

Minuteman Marching Band during a pre-game show.

Minuteman Marching Band

Main article: University of Massachusetts Minuteman Marching Band

UMass Amherst has the largest marching band in New England. The Minuteman Marching Band consists of over 390 members and regularly plays at football games. The band also performs in various other places and events like the Collegiate Marching Band Festival in Allentown, Pennsylvania, Bands of America in Indianapolis, Symphony Hall, Boston, The Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, California, and on occasion Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Fraternities and sororities

Fraternities, sororities, and honor societies have been present on the campus almost since inception, with its first fraternity, the Latin letter-named Q.T.V. emerging in 1869, and the first sorority, Delta Phi Gamma (local) in 1916.[d] Approximately 1,500 students are active members each academic year.[80][81][82]

Several fraternities had houses on North Pleasant Street until 2007 when several lots owned by Alpha Tau Gamma were sold to the University for $2,500,000 ($3,673,568 in today's money).[83] Alpha Tau Gamma, a local fraternity associated with the Stockbridge School of Agriculture, then donated $500,001 to endow the salary for the Director of the Stockbridge School.[83]

Criticism of sexual and alcohol abuse, especially because of the role that Greek Life Organizations play at the university, has appeared repeatedly in Boston's and national news.[84][85] Some students have called for changes in policy.[86]

Today, most chapters are affiliated with national societies but are largely self-governing, within four councils.

Active fraternities and sororities by governing councils[81][82][80]
Interfraternity Council (IFC) National Pan-Hellenic Council Multicultural Greek Council National Pan-Hellenic Council Honor societies, service, and veterans' organizations

Media

The Massachusetts Daily Collegian

Old Chapel constructed in 1884 at the campus

The Massachusetts Daily Collegian, the official newspaper of UMass Amherst, is published Monday through Thursday during the calendar semester. The Collegian is a non-profit student-run organization that receives no funding from the University or student fees. The Collegian operates entirely on advertising revenues. Founded in 1890, the paper began as Aggie Life, became the College Signal in 1901, the Weekly Collegian in 1914, and the Tri-Weekly Collegian in 1956. Published daily since 1967, the Collegian has been broadsheet since January 1994.

WMUA 91.1 FM

The student-operated radio station, WMUA, is a federally licensed, non-commercial broadcast facility serving the Connecticut River Valley of Western Massachusetts, Northern Connecticut, and Southern Vermont. Although the station is managed by full-time undergraduate students of the University of Massachusetts, station members can consist of various members of the University (undergraduate and graduate students, faculty, and staff), as well as people of the surrounding communities. WMUA began as an AM station in 1949.[citation needed]

WSYL-FM

There was a student-run, extremely-low-power FM radio station that used the self-assigned identifier "WSYL-FM" (With Songs You Like) which operated in the basement of Cashin from the mid-1970s through the 1980s.[87]

Athletics

Main articles: UMass Minutemen and Minutewomen, Boston College–UMass football rivalry, and UConn–UMass football rivalry

The University of Massachusetts Minuteman playing with Michigan Wolverines in 2010.

UMass is a member of Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). The university is a member of the Atlantic 10 Conference while playing ice hockey in the Hockey East Association. The football team joined the Mid-American Conference (MAC), to play at Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS; the sport's highest level) with games played at Gillette Stadium in 2012.[88] In March 2014, the MAC and UMass announced an agreement for the Minutemen football team to leave the conference after the 2015 season due to UMass declining an offer to become a full member of the conference. In the agreement between the MAC and the university, there was a contractual clause that had UMass playing in the MAC as a football-only member for two more seasons if UMass declined a full membership offer. UMass announced that it would look for a "more suitable conference" for the team.[89] UMass was unable to find a "suitable conference" for nearly a decade, remaining a full A-10 member and becoming an FBS independent, but during the early-2020s conference realignment entered into membership discussions with both the MAC and Conference USA.[90] On February 29, 2024, it was announced that UMass would join the MAC as a full member, including football, in July 2025.[91]

UMass originally was known as the Aggies,[92] later the Statesmen, then the Redmen. In a response to changing attitudes regarding the use of Native American–themed mascots, they changed their mascot in 1972 to the Minuteman, based on the historical "minuteman" relationship with Massachusetts; women's teams and athletes are known as Minutewomen.

The UMass Amherst Department of Athletics currently sponsors men's intercollegiate baseball, basketball, cross country, ice hockey, football, lacrosse, soccer, swimming, and indoor and outdoor track & field. They also sponsor women's intercollegiate basketball, softball, cross country, rowing, lacrosse, soccer, swimming, field hockey, indoor and outdoor track & field, and tennis. Club sports offered which are not also offered at the varsity level are men's wrestling, men's rowing, men's tennis, women's ice hockey, men's and women's rugby, men's and women's bicycle racing, and men's and women's fencing. Men's and women's downhill skiing have been re-certified as club sports following the April 2, 2009 announcement of their discontinuation as varsity sports.[93]

Notable alumni

Main pages: List of University of Massachusetts Amherst alumni and Category:University of Massachusetts Amherst alumni

There are 243,628 University of Massachusetts Amherst alumni worldwide.[94] Notable UMass Amherst alumni include Greg Landry, Jeff Corwin, Buffy Sainte-Marie, Taj Mahal, Bill Paxton, William Monahan, Kenneth Feinberg, Bill Cosby,[95] Natalie Cole,[96] Julius "Dr. J" Erving, Rick Pitino, Bill Pullman, Betty Shabazz, Briana Scurry, Jack Welch, John F. Smith Jr., Jean Worthley, Jeff Reardon, Mike Flanagan, Lawrence Mestel, and Richard Gere.

Notable faculty and staff

Main pages: List of University of Massachusetts Amherst faculty and Category:University of Massachusetts Amherst faculty

Notable faculty have included Sheila Bair, the former Chairman of the US Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; Chuck Close, celebrated photorealist; Samuel R. Delany, author and critic; Vincent Dethier, pioneer physiologist; Ted Hughes, British poet laureate; Max Roach, considered one of the most important jazz drummers in history; Lynn Margulis, famed biologist; Stephen Resnick and Richard D. Wolff, heterodox economists; James Tate, Pulitzer Prize–winning poet; and Robert Paul Wolff, in both philosophy and African-American studies. Current faculty of note include poet Peter Gizzi, T.S. Eliot Prize–winning poet Ocean Vuong, media critic Sut Jhally, and feminist economist Nancy Folbre.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Other consists of Multiracial Americans & those who prefer to not say.
  2. ^ The percentage of students who received an income-based federal Pell grant intended for low-income students.
  3. ^ The percentage of students who are a part of the American middle class at the bare minimum.
  4. ^ Interestingly, this local sorority was eventually split into four descendent chapters, with one of these in 1941 becoming the first nationally-affiliated chapter, joining Chi Omega.

References

  1. ^ "UMass Amherst: History of UMass Amherst". Archived from the original on May 16, 2006.
  2. ^ "UMass Amherst Looks to the Past and the Future at Founders Day". University of Massachusetts Amherst. April 29, 2008. Archived from the original on January 10, 2014. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  3. ^ "Endowment Overview". Archived from the original on May 24, 2021. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
  4. ^ "UMass Amherst: The Office of the Provost – Meet the Provost". www.umass.edu. Archived from the original on December 23, 2022. Retrieved December 23, 2022.
  5. ^ "University of Massachusetts Amherst: At a Glance 2021–2022" (PDF). University of Massachusetts Amherst. December 1, 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 9, 2021. Retrieved September 22, 2022.
  6. ^ "2023–2024 Common Data Set" (PDF). University of Massachusetts Amherst. University of Massachusetts. 2024. Retrieved April 21, 2024.
  7. ^ "2023–2024 Common Data Set" (PDF). University of Massachusetts Amherst. University of Massachusetts. 2024. Retrieved April 21, 2024.
  8. ^ "2023–2024 Common Data Set" (PDF). University of Massachusetts Amherst. University of Massachusetts. 2024. Retrieved April 21, 2024.
  9. ^ "University of Massachusetts Amherst Athletics Official Style Guide" (PDF). Retrieved July 4, 2021.
  10. ^ "University of Massachusetts Official Athletic Site – Traditions". umassathletics.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
  11. ^ "Mascots Talk Back: Sam the Minuteman". PATRICK SISSON/patricksisson.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
  12. ^ McFadden, Sean (March 9, 2023). "Largest Colleges & Universities in Massachusetts". Boston Business Journal. Retrieved July 6, 2023.
  13. ^ a b c d e "UMass at a Glance". University of Massachusetts Amherst. Archived from the original on April 19, 2015. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
  14. ^ "Carnegie Foundation Classifications". carnegiefoundation.org. Archived from the original on September 13, 2018. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
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Further reading