Kosvinsky Kamen
Косвинский камень
Highest point
Elevation1,519 m (4,984 ft)
Coordinates59°31′N 59°03′E / 59.517°N 59.050°E / 59.517; 59.050
Geography
LocationRussia
Parent rangeUral Mountains

Mount Kosvinsky Kamen, Kosvinsky Mountain, Kosvinski Mountain,[1] Kosvinsky Rock or Rostesnoy Rock (Russian: Косвинский камень, Косьвинский камень, Ростесной камень) is a mountain in the northern Urals, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia.[2][3]

Its summit is bare of vegetation with an uneven rocky surface and small lakes fed by melting snow. The Kosva River flows from the mountain, hence the name.[3]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia describes Kosvinsky Rock as "mountain massif" of height 1,519 m.[4] Its constitution is pyroxenites and dunites of lower and middle Paleozoic era. The slopes are covered with conifers with some birch up to 900–1000 m, with alpine tundra above.[5]

Military

According to Jane's Defence Weekly, a command post bunker was built near the mountain as of 1994.[6] It was designed to resist US earth penetrating weapons and serves a similar role as the American Cheyenne Mountain Complex. The timing of the Kosvinsky completion date is regarded as one explanation for US interest in a new nuclear bunker buster and the declaration of the deployment of the B61 Mod 11 in 1997: Kosvinsky is protected by about 1,000 feet (300 m) of granite.

US analysts believe that the command post of the Perimeter system is in the bunker under Kosvinsky Kamen mountain.[7][8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Austin, Greg; Muraviev, Alexey D. (10 May 2000). The Armed Forces of Russia in Asia. I.B. Tauris. p. 187. ISBN 978-1860644856.
  2. ^ Brockhaus and Efron describe its location within the Russian Empire as Verkhoturye uyezd, Perm Governorate, in the okrug of the Bogoslovsky copper plant (Богословский медноплавильный завод)
  3. ^ a b Косвинский камень, Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian)
  4. ^ Brockhaus and Efron say that its elevation is 2,375 ft., mountain foot circumference is about 40 km.
  5. ^ "Косвинский камень," Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian)
  6. ^ Jane's Defence Weekly 25 June 1994, 32, via Austin and Muraviev, The Armed Forces of Russia in Asia, 2001.
  7. ^ Ron Rosenbaum, Slate magazine "The Return of the Doomsday Machine?", 31 August 2007.
  8. ^ "1231-й центр боевого управления (в/ч 20003)". Archived from the original on 23 December 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.