Krishna I
Akalavarsha
Shubatunga
Prithvivallabha
Shrivallabha
Fragment of Old Kannada inscription (765 CE) from Hattimattur of Rashtrakuta emperor Krishna I
2nd Rashtrakuta Emperor
Reignc. 756 – c. 774 CE
PredecessorDantidurga
SuccessorGovinda II
IssueGovinda II
Dhruva Dharavarsha
ReligionHinduism[1][2]

Krishna I (Kannada: ಅಕಾಲವರ್ಷ ಶುಭತುಂಗ ಕೃಷ್ಣ) (r. 756 – 774 CE), an uncle of Dantidurga, took charge of the growing Rashtrakuta Empire by defeating the last Badami Chalukya emperor Kirtivarman II in 757. This is known from the copper plate grant of Emperor Govinda III of 807 and a copper plate grant of the Gujarat Rashtrakuta ruler Karka from Baroda.[3] He is also known as Kannara or Kannesvara and took the titles Akalavarsha, Shubatunga, Prithvivallabha and Shrivallabha.

Some historians are of the opinion that Krishna I usurped the throne from his nephew Dantidurga.[4] But others disagree as the term "demise of Dantidurga" occur in the Kavi and Navasari copper plates indicating Krishna I must have ascended the throne after the death of Dantidurga. However, from the Baroda inscription it seems that Krishna I may have had to subdue another claimant to the throne, perhaps a Rashtrakuta prince or a son of Dantidurga.[5]


He successfully fought the Western Ganga Dynasty King Sripurusha (and acquired some territory in Gangavadi, modern Southern Karnataka) and the Shilaharas of South Konkan. He defeated the Eastern Chalukya ruler Vishnuvardhana IV.[6] He commissioned 18 Shiva temples.[1] The Kailasa temple at Ellora is generally attributed to him, based on certain epigraphs.[7]

His eldest son, Govinda II succeeded him.

References

  1. ^ a b Reu (1933), p78
  2. ^ Kamath, S. (1980). A Concise History of Karnataka: From Pre-historic Times to the Present. Bangalore: Jupiter books.
  3. ^ Reu (1933), p57
  4. ^ Vincent Smith in Reu (1933), p58
  5. ^ Reu (1933), p58
  6. ^ Kamath (2001), p74
  7. ^ Owen 2012, pp. 135–136.

Bibliography

Preceded byDantidurga Rashtrakuta Emperor 756–774 Succeeded byGovinda II