Lower Kartli
ქვემო ქართლი
Location of Lower Kartli
Country Georgia
Subdivisions1 city, 6 municipalities
 • GovernorPaata Khizanashvili[1]
 • Total6,527.6 km2 (2,520.3 sq mi)
 • Total434,241
 • Estimate 
 • Density67/km2 (170/sq mi)
Gross Regional Product
 • Total 5.39 billion (2022)
 • Per Capita 12,413 (2022)
ISO 3166 codeGE-KK
HDI (2021)0.783[4]
high · 10th

Kvemo Kartli (Georgian: ქვემო ქართლი); (Azerbaijani: Aşağı Kartli/Kvemo-Kartli) or "Lower Kartli", is a historic province and current administrative region (mkhare) in southeastern Georgia. The city of Rustavi is the regional capital.


Kvemo Kartli is a region located in the Southeastern part of Georgia. It borders Tbilisi, Shida Kartli, and Mtskheta-Mtianeti on the north; Samtskhe–Javakheti on the west; Kakheti on the east; and the countries of Armenia and Azerbaijan on the south.

General information

The region is one of the most economically developed in Georgia. After Tbilisi, the region is ranked second in industrial production. The area of the region is of 6528 km squares, which accounts for 10% of the Georgian territory; and it is the fourth largest region by area. The region is the third most populated region in Georgia with a population of 434,000. The administrative center is Rustavi. There are 353 populated areas, including:


In 2014, Kvemo Kartli province of Georgia had the following ethnic makeup of 423,986 total population:[5]

The population estimate in 2012 was 511,300,[6] but the 2014 census shows it now reduced to about 424,000.

The ethnic Georgians live mostly in northern part of the region and comprise the majority in the municipalities of Tetritsqaro, Gardabani Municipality, Tsalka and in Rustavi. The Azerbaijanis live in the southern part and comprise for the majority in the municipalities of Marneuli, Dmanisi and Bolnisi. The ethnic Armenians and Greeks mostly live in the Tsalka Municipality.


According to 2014 census, 51.4% of the population identifies as Orthodox Christians, mostly Georgians, Russians and Greeks; 42.9% are Muslims, mostly Azerbaijanis; 3.3% are Armenian Christians and 0.2% are irreligious.[7]

Administrative divisions

Rustavi, the biggest city of the region

Kvemo Kartli is divided into 6 municipalities and 1 special status city, Rustavi:

Municipality/City Pop. Town/Village Pop.
Bolnisi 53,590 Bolnisi 13,800
Gardabani 81,876 Gardabani 10,753
Dmanisi 19,141 Dmanisi 2,661
Marneuli 104,300 Marneuli 20,211
Tetritsqaro 21,127 Tetritsqaro 3,093
Tsalka 18,849 Tsalka 2,326
Rustavi 127,800


Owing to its location, the region has great transport links. There passes the railway and the motorways which link Georgia with its neighbours Armenia and Azerbaijan. The main industries are located in Rustavi and Marneuli. The industrial production of Kvemo Kartlo comprises 20% of the global Georgian production.


Kvemo Kartli inherited a lot of historical monuments such as the Bolnisi Sioni, the Pitareti Monastery, Birtvisi, Samshvilde and the old inhabited area near Dmanisi


  1. ^ "საქართველოს მთავრობა – მთავარი". gov.ge. Retrieved Aug 1, 2019.
  2. ^ "Population by regions". National Statistics Office of Georgia. Retrieved 27 April 2024.
  3. ^ "Regional Gross Domestic Product" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  5. ^ "Total population by regions and ethnicity". National Statistics Office of Georgia. Retrieved 5 Aug 2017.
  6. ^ Number of Population is Increasing. Published on 31 May 2012
  7. ^ "Religious composition of Georgia 2014". pop-stat.mashke.org. Retrieved 2022-11-19.

41°31′N 44°31′E / 41.517°N 44.517°E / 41.517; 44.517