|Lateral plate mesoderm|
|Gives rise to||somatopleure, splanchnopleure|
|Latin||mesoderma laminae lateralis|
|TE||plate mesoderm_by_E126.96.36.199.0.0.2 E188.8.131.52.0.0.2|
The lateral plate mesoderm is the mesoderm that is found at the periphery of the embryo. It is to the side of the paraxial mesoderm, and further to the axial mesoderm. The lateral plate mesoderm is separated from the paraxial mesoderm by a narrow region of intermediate mesoderm. The mesoderm is the middle layer of the three germ layers, between the outer ectoderm and inner endoderm.
During the third week of embryonic development the lateral plate mesoderm splits into two layers forming the intraembryonic coelom.
The outer layer of lateral plate mesoderm adheres to the ectoderm to become the somatic or parietal layer known as the somatopleure. The inner layer adheres to the endoderm to become the splanchnic or visceral layer known as the splanchnopleure.
The lateral plate mesoderm will split into two layers, the somatopleuric mesenchyme, and the splanchnopleuric mesenchyme.
Spaces within the lateral plate are enclosed and forms the intraembryonic coelom.
It is formed by the secretion of BMP-4 by the ectoderm.
See also: Serous membrane
Lateral plate mesoderm gives rise to the serosal mesoderms.
In the 4th week the coelom divides into pericardial, pleural and peritoneal cavities.
Further information: Limb development
Cells from the lateral plate mesoderm and the myotome migrate to the limb field and proliferate to create the limb bud. The lateral plate cells produce the cartilaginous and skeletal portions of the limb while the myotome cells produce the muscle components. The lateral plate mesodermal cells secrete a fibroblast growth factor (FGF7 and FGF10, presumably) to induce the overlying ectoderm to form an important organizing structure called the apical ectodermal ridge (AER). The AER reciprocatively secretes FGF8 and FGF4 which maintains the FGF10 signal and induces proliferation in the mesoderm. The position of FGF10 expression is regulated by Wnt8c in the hindlimb and Wnt2b in the forelimb. The forelimb and the hindlimb are specified by their position along the anterior/posterior axis and possibly by two T-box containing transcription factors: Tbx5 and Tbx4, respectively.
Model of human embryo 1.3 mm. long. (Splanchic mesoderm labeled at left, somatic mesoderm at top right