Lawrenceville, New Jersey
The Hamill House was built in 1814 by Isaac Van Arsdale Brown, D.D. (1784–1861). This fieldstone schoolhouse was the original building for The Lawrenceville School and is a national landmark.
The Hamill House was built in 1814 by Isaac Van Arsdale Brown, D.D. (1784–1861). This fieldstone schoolhouse was the original building for The Lawrenceville School and is a national landmark.
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey
Location in Mercer County and the state of New Jersey
Lawrenceville is located in Mercer County, New Jersey
Location in Mercer County
Lawrenceville is located in New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Lawrenceville is located in the United States
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°18′10″N 74°44′17″W / 40.302787°N 74.738004°W / 40.302787; -74.738004
Country United States
State New Jersey
Named forMaidenhead, England
 • Total1.04 sq mi (2.70 km2)
 • Land1.04 sq mi (2.70 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0.09%
Elevation184 ft (56 m)
 • Total3,751
 • Density3,606.7/sq mi (1,392.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code609
FIPS code34-39570[5][6]
GNIS feature ID02390044[7]

Lawrenceville is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) within Lawrence Township in Mercer County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey.[8][9][10] The community is situated roughly halfway between Princeton and Trenton. Lawrenceville is part of the Trenton–Princeton metropolitan area within the New York combined statistical area; however, the CDP actually is located approximately 15 miles closer to Philadelphia than to New York City, and as with the remainder of Mercer County, lies within the Federal Communications Commission's Philadelphia Designated Market Area. As of the 2020 census, the CDP's population was 3,751, a decrease of 136 (−3.5%) from the 3,887 recorded at the 2010 census,[11] which in turn had reflected a decrease of 194 (−4.8%) from the 4,081 counted in the 2000 census.[12]

Lawrenceville is also known as the "village of Lawrenceville".[13] Its core is the Main Street Historic District, which was listed both in the New Jersey Register of Historic Places and National Register of Historic Places in 1972, and was one of the first registered historic districts in New Jersey.[14]


U.S. Post Office at Lawrenceville's ZIP Code 08648

Lawrenceville was founded as Maidenhead in 1697, as part of Burlington County in the colony of West Jersey. In 1714, the village became a part of Hunterdon County. In 1798, the New Jersey Legislature legally incorporated the Township of Maidenhead.

The village was originally named for Maidenhead, a historic English town on the Thames River, about 30 miles west from London. The Colonial Supreme Court at Burlington officially confirmed the name on February 20, 1697. "Maidenhead" derives from the Anglo Saxon word "Maidenhythe," meaning "new wharf", though it acquired a secondary meaning as a term for virginity.[15]

The Rev. Issac V. Brown, the first full-time pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Lawrenceville and the founder of the Academy of Maidenhead (now the Lawrenceville School), led a movement to petition the Legislature to change the town's name. The petition said "... it must be the wish of every good citizen... to be relieved of the necessity of using a term which may offend the delicacy of modesty, or disturb the feelings of seriousness, or excite the sneers of the willing."[16]

The Legislature officially changed the name from Maidenhead to Lawrence on January 24, 1816, at a meeting in John Moore's Tavern. The township took its name from Captain James Lawrence, a naval hero of the War of 1812. The village was renamed Lawrenceville at the same time. In 1838, Mercer County was formed from parts of three counties, and Lawrence Township was included in the new county. The township's boundaries and geographic relationships have remained the same since that time.

During the American Revolutionary War, George Washington's troops marched through Maidenhead after the Battle of Trenton (December 26, 1776) and the Battle of the Assunpink Creek (January 2, 1777), chasing British troops. They met at the Battle of Princeton on January 3, 1777, just over the township line, where the Princeton Battlefield State Park now stands.

Cornwallis stayed overnight in Maidenhead on December 8, 1776, en route to Trenton. He recorded the moment in his diary, a portion of which was found years later in John Moore's Tavern, which is now a residential house at 2695 Main Street. His opinion of the village was that "one night in Maidenhead was more than enough".[17]

When the Presbyterian Church of Lawrenceville was built in 1698, it was called the Meetinghouse of Maidenhead. It is still serving the community at 2688 Main Street.


Centennial Lake at Rider University

Lawrenceville is in central Mercer County, northeast of Trenton and southwest of Princeton. U.S. Route 206 changes its name from "Lawrenceville-Princeton Road" to "Main Street", and then to "Lawrenceville-Trenton Road" in the center of Lawrenceville. The local historic district fronts along Main Street and US 206 stretch for more than two miles between Franklin Corner Road and an area slightly north of Fackler Road. Homes situated more than 250 feet from the road are excluded, however. One exception is the section of the Lawrenceville School known as the Circle and several other buildings in its vicinity, the oldest buildings on the campus. This area itself has been designated a National Historic Landmark.[14]

Lawrenceville generally comprises the area contained within Lawrenceville-Pennington Road to the southwest, Fackler Road to the northeast, Keefe Road to the northwest, and US 206 to the southeast, part of which turns into Main Street in Lawrenceville, to the east. The Lawrenceville School, across Route 206, is usually considered part of the village as well. Before tract development, beginning in the early 1970s, Lawrenceville was broadly defined as stretching two to three blocks back from Route 206. The boundary became less clear as residential developments replaced farmland behind the historic village. The boundary of the Lawrenceville census-designated place, used for all population statistics, follows the roads listed above, except that the northeast boundary is at Cold Soil Road rather than Fackler Road.[18]

Lawrence Township is occasionally and mistakenly referred to as Lawrenceville. The confusion is partly caused because the local post office is located in the Lawrenceville CDP and the Postal Service once instructed Lawrence Township residents to use Lawrenceville, Princeton or Trenton as their mailing address. In 1973, voters approved a nonbinding referendum to petition the U.S. Postal Service to adopt a single municipal post office address known as Lawrenceville for the entire township; The effort failed. A township resident appeared before Township Council in July, 2007, to request to designate the 08648 ZIP code for Lawrence Township. Council approved a resolution in support of the request that was then forwarded to the U.S. Postal Service. Township officials had fought, off and on, for the change since 1969, when then-U.S. Rep. Frank Thompson tried unsuccessfully to convince U.S. Postal Service authorities to grant a Lawrence name tag for the entire township, according to a letter on file at the Municipal Clerk's Office. The United States Postal Service notified the township authorities in October 2007 that the preferred designation for the 08648 would be changed to "Lawrence Township".[19]

Lawrenceville is equidistant between Trenton and Princeton, New Jersey, and approximately fifteen miles closer to Philadelphia than to New York City. Major transportation corridors have passed through Lawrenceville since the town's inception, including the King's Highway, which in the 18th century approximated today's U.S. Route 206.[20] The predominant highway and commercial corridor through Lawrence Township is U.S. Route 1, southeast of Lawrenceville.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Lawrenceville CDP has a total area of 1.043 square miles (2.701 km2), including 1.042 square miles (2.698 km2) of land and 0.001 square miles (0.002 km2) of water (0.09%).[1] The community is drained by tributaries of Shipetaukin Creek, a southeast-flowing tributary of Assunpink Creek within the Delaware River watershed.


Historical population
Population sources:
1990-2010[9] 2000[12]
2010[11] 2020[3]
* = Lost territory during previous decade.

2010 census

The 2010 United States census counted 3,887 people, 1,734 households, and 1,046 families in the CDP. The population density was 3,731.1 per square mile (1,440.6/km2). There were 1,805 housing units at an average density of 1,732.6 per square mile (669.0/km2). The racial makeup was 85.16% (3,310) White, 3.99% (155) Black or African American, 0.10% (4) Native American, 7.77% (302) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.80% (31) from other races, and 2.19% (85) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.32% (168) of the population.[11]

Of the 1,734 households, 27.1% had children under the age of 18; 48.5% were married couples living together; 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 39.7% were non-families. Of all households, 33.1% were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.90.[11]

20.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 35.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.2 years. For every 100 females, the population had 82.5 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 78.6 males.[11]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States Census[5] there were 4,081 people, 1,747 households, and 1,070 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,515.1/km2 (3,926.5/mi2). There were 1,776 housing units at an average density of 659.3/km2 (1,708.7/mi2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.12% White, 3.58% African American, 0.07% Native American, 6.30% Asian, 0.54% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.46% of the population.[12]

Of the 1,747 households, 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 48.7% were married couples living together; 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present; and 38.7% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.99.[12]

In the CDP the population was spread out, with 24.2% under the age of 18; 5.8% from 18 to 24; 32.2% from 25 to 44; 27.7% from 45 to 64; and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.7 males.[12]

The median income for a household in the CDP as of the year 2000 was $74,107. The median income for a family was $98,972. Males had a median income of $65,189 versus $37,972 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $37,919. About 0.6% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.[12]


Edith Memorial Chapel at the Lawrenceville School

The Lawrenceville Elementary School, one of Lawrence Township Public Schools' four elementary schools, is located in Lawrenceville.

Lawrenceville is home to the Lawrenceville School, a private boarding and day high school founded in 1810. It is one of the oldest and most prestigious prep schools in the United States.


The U.S. headquarters of GS1, a global non-profit organization maintaining standards for barcodes and company prefixes

Historically, the Lawrenceville School was the dominant economic force in the village. Since World War II, Lawrenceville has become a commuter town, serving educational and corporate employment centers in Lawrence Township, in Princeton and Trenton, in the surrounding cluster of corporate and research campuses, and to a lesser extent in New York City. There are no large businesses in Lawrenceville itself, but Lawrence Township is home to several large corporate facilities outside of the village, including the world headquarters of Educational Testing Service, offices for the Lenox division of Department 56, the main research facility for Bristol Myers Squibb, and the offices of the Peterson's division of Nelnet.

The village businesses share an organization, Lawrenceville Main Street, which organizes events, such as the Music in the Park series, the annual Jubilee, and Taste of Lawrenceville, and promotes the business district to visitors. The Lawrenceville Farmers Market is held every Sunday, from about June to November.[21]

The Lawrenceville Fire Co., Lawrenceville Water Co. (now part of Aqua America), Lawrenceville Fuel, and a U.S. Post Office are also located in Lawrenceville.

Lawrenceville was formerly home to a family grocery, hardware store, pharmacy, and, most famously, the Jigger Shop, which served generations of Lawrenceville School students as a school store and soda fountain.[22] A fire destroyed the shop on August 10, 1990. Caused by faulty electrical cords that ran to a store refrigerator, the fire burned through the store's ceiling into the second-floor apartment, which was unoccupied [1]. A new Jigger Shop then opened at the Lawrenceville School and was located on the first floor of the Noyes History Building, until its relocation to the Irwin Dining Center in 2011. After the demolition of the Irwin Dining Center in early 2023, the Jigger Shop was renamed to the Big Red Store and relocated to the newly-built Tsai Field House.[23]

The offices of the Princeton Area Community Foundation are in Lawrenceville.[24]

Notable people

See also: Category:People from Lawrence Township, Mercer County, New Jersey

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lawrenceville include:


  1. ^ a b "2023 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2024.
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lawrenceville Census Designated Place, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed November 21, 2012.
  3. ^ a b Census Data Explorer: Lawrenceville CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 15, 2023.
  4. ^ Cities by ZIP Code™: 08648 - Other city names recognized for addresses in this ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 25, 2024.
  5. ^ a b U.S. Census website, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  6. ^ Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 9, 2023.
  7. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  8. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 21, 2012.
  9. ^ a b New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), P. III-4. United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 20, 2012.
  10. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed April 19, 2015.
  11. ^ a b c d e DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Lawrenceville CDP, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 20, 2012.
  12. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Lawrenceville CDP, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 21, 2012.
  13. ^ Village of Lawrenceville, Lawrence Hopewell Trail. Accessed November 21, 2012.
  14. ^ a b Main Street Historic District, Township of Lawrence. Accessed November 21, 2012. "When listed in the New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places in 1972, the Main Street Historic District was one of the first registered historic districts in the State."
  15. ^ Pictorial History of Lawrence Township 1697-1997, published by Lawrence Township, 1997
  16. ^ Tyler, Donald H., Old Lawrenceville, 1973
  17. ^ Tyler, Donald H., Old Lawrenceville, 1973, p. 40
  18. ^ "TIGERweb: Lawrenceville Census Designated Place, New Jersey". Geography Division, U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 25, 2024.
  19. ^ Lawrence Township Assigned ZIP Code Designation, Lawrence Township, October 31, 2007. Accessed November 19, 2012. "The United States Postal Service (USPS) has notified Lawrence Township Officials that the postal ZIP Code 08648 has been approved for designation as Lawrence Township."
  20. ^ "A Brief History of Lawrence Township", Township of Lawrence. Accessed December 1, 2011.
  21. ^ About, Lawrenceville Main Street. Accessed January 23, 2022.
  22. ^ Jigger hop Archived 2011-11-14 at the Wayback Machine, Lawrenceville School. Accessed December 1, 2011.
  23. ^ "The Lawrence". Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  24. ^ "Princeton Area Community Foundation Among State's Top Charities". Lawrenceville, NJ Patch. August 6, 2018.
  25. ^ Sullivan, Tara. "Blushing Ex-Rider At Rutgers Last-Choice Bannon Embraces Job", New York Daily News, April 4, 1997. Accessed February 6, 2018. "Kevin Bannon Age: 39 Family: Wife Cindy, son Tommy (4) Hometown: Grew up in Verona, N.J. Lives in Lawrenceville, N.J."
  26. ^ Persico, Joyce J. "Ntozake Shange and Ifa Bayeza — the erstwhile Williams siblings of Trenton — mark careers with new novel, film", The Times, October 9, 2010. Accessed November 6, 2017. "'I was a very fearful child,' said Shange, who remembers first being called a racial slur at age 3 or 4.... 'I remember they threw cherry bombs at our home in Lawrenceville.'"
  27. ^ Bledsoe, Wayne. "Dierks Bentley is aiming for artistic heights on 'grassy' new album; Show canceled due to weather conditions", Knoxville News Sentinel, April 29, 2010. Accessed October 15, 2013. "Born in Phoenix, Bentley spent part of his youth in Lawrenceville, N.J., and later moved to Nashville to attend Vanderbilt University."
  28. ^ Staff. "Brackett Making Impact As Nittany Lions Receiver", Centre Daily Times, September 4, 2008. Accessed October 10, 2012. "Now the fourth receiver in an offense that routinely utilizes four-wide sets, the redshirt sophomore from Lawrenceville, NJ, poses a big problem for opposing defenses... Brackett threw for 46 touchdowns and ran for 23 more during his career at Lawrence High School...."
  29. ^ The Founding Fathers: New Jersey - David Brearly, National Archives and Records Administration. Accessed November 27, 2007.
  30. ^ George Houston Brown, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 1, 2007.
  31. ^ Katz, Michael. "The Education Of Quarterback Brunner", The New York Times, September 20, 1982. Accessed October 23, 2019. "Scott, who was born in Sellersville, Pa., grew up in Middletown, N.Y.; West Chester, Pa., and Lawrenceville, N.J.... The family moved to Lawrenceville just before Scott's junior year in high school."
  32. ^ President, Head Coach and General Manager, Cedar Rapids RoughRiders. Accessed October 23, 2019. "A native of Lawrenceville, New Jersey, Carlson graduated from the University of Massachusetts-Lowell with a B.S. in Business Administration and Marketing."
  33. ^ Staff. "Coffee Reveals His Total Assets; Democratic Candidate Puts Net Worth at $382,532", The New York Times, March 18, 1973. Accessed November 21, 2012. "Other assets he reported were a $75,000 house in Lawrenceville with a $48,600 mortgage"
  34. ^ Oliver Crane, Princeton Tigers. Accessed May 24, 2020. "Hometown: Lawrenceville, N.J.; High School: Peddie School"
  35. ^ Cohen, Ian. "Cap the Old Times: The Story of Interpol's Turn on the Bright Lights; With Matador's 10th anniversary reissue in mind, the New York City band talks about the making of their epochal debut album in this definitive oral history.", Pitchfork, November 29, 2012. Accessed October 15, 2013. "Carlos Dengler: I finished high school in Lawrenceville, N.J. I was a metalhead back then, into all the typical shit: drinking Budweiser by the railroad tracks and listening to Metallica, just going crazy on that level."
  36. ^ Staff. "Tony DeNicola: Obituary", The Times, September 4, 2006. Accessed September 17, 2015. "Tony DeNicola, 79, died Saturday in the Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia. Born in Pennington, he had resided in Lawrenceville for 40 years."
  37. ^ "Dr. N. Howell Furman, 73, Dies; Chemist Worked on Atom Bomb; Responsible for Analytical Separation of Uranium-At Princeton 41 Years", The New York Times, August 3, 1965. Accessed July 26, 2020. "Dr. N. Howell Furman, a distinguished analytical chemist and educator who took part in the development of the atomic bomb, died today in Mary Fletcher Hospital at the age of 73.... He was born in Lawrenceville, N. J, and attended the Lawrenceville School, receiving the Master's Prize as the leading scholar of the class of '09."
  38. ^ "Ludwell Gaines obituary". San Francisco Chronicle. March 28, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2012.
  39. ^ Piehler, Kurt; and Marley, Lynn. Kroesen, Frederick, Rutgers University Oral History Archives, March 16, 1998. Accessed May 4, 2020. "When I was ten-years-old, we moved to Eggerts Road in, what is now, Lawrenceville."
  40. ^ Acampora, Rob. "Tonic Comes Home To N.J. in June – Prepares For Their American Reboot", WSJO. Accessed October 3, 2017. "Bassist Dan Lavery comes from Lawrenceville (and graduated from Rutgers), has ties in his early days starting out with Jersey cover band Brian Kirk and The Jirks (always worth checking out for a fun night out), and worked with The Fray a few years back."
  41. ^ Plaks, Andrew H.; Peterson, Willard J.; Tang, Hai-tao; and Yu, Ying-shih. "James T. C. Liu (1919-1993)", The Journal of Asian Studies, Volume 53 / Issue 03 / August 1994, pp 1044-1045. Accessed June 27, 2015. "James T. C. Liu (Liu Tzu-chien) died at his home in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, on September 30, 1993, after a long illness."
  42. ^ Weber, Andrew. "An Interview with David Mao, Deputy Law Librarian of Congress", Library of Congress, January 19, 2011. Accessed September 22, 2023. "I was born in New York City, but raised in New Jersey (about 15 miles from Exit 8).... Lawrenceville."
  43. ^ Hunt, Christopher (November 2, 2011). "Moran to Live Dream in NYC Marathon". ESPN.
  44. ^ John Nalbone, Cincinnati Bengals. Accessed October 15, 2013. "Hometown:Lawrenceville, NJ"
  45. ^ "Whitecaps FC Sign 2017 MLS SuperDraft Pick Jake Nerwinski", OurSportsCentral, February 9, 2017. Accessed October 23, 2017. "The Lawrenceville, New Jersey native was an All-District player in each of his four years at his hometown's Notre Dame High School."
  46. ^ Frassinelli, Mike; and Calefati, Jessica. "Norman Schwarzkopf remembered as a 'genuine native son' of N.J.", The Star-Ledger, December 28, 2012. Accessed October 15, 2013. "He grew up in Lawrenceville and returned for New Jersey State Police functions, including as a keynote speaker for the State Police's 75th Anniversary in 1996 and as a guest of honor at a State Police-sponsored Boy Scout event in the early 2000s, State Police spokesman Lt. Stephen Jones said."
  47. ^ Morton, Ryan. "Jon Solomon: Quirky Carols", Northwestern University Alumni Life, Winter 2011. Accessed November 21, 2012. " Solomon also runs an independent music label, Comedy Minus One, that produces post-punk, and he writes for various publications, while living in Lawrenceville, N.J."
  48. ^ Carino, Jerry. "A win, and some reflection by Princeton Renaissance man Myles Stephens", Courier News, February 19, 2019. Accessed May 7, 2022. "Myles Stephens, Princeton’s senior guard, said after posting 17 points and 8 rebounds in the win. Stephens, a Lawrenceville, N.J. native, went to The Pennington School before transferring to St. Andrew’s School in Delaware."
  49. ^ Condran, Ed. "Captain Noah gave Jon his big break", Bucks County Courier Times, February 27, 2004. Accessed March 13, 2008. "Jon Stewart has a considerable history with Philadelphia, growing up in Lawrenceville, N.J."