'Red Fife' was the first named variety of wheat developed in Canada.[1] Plant breeders continue to use heritage wheat varieties in order to develop new varieties.

Farmers are growing heritage wheat varieties as part of the 100 Mile Diet, 'eat local' and Slow Food movements. 'Red Fife' wheat is the first variety preserved heritage wheat to celebrate terroir which is the interaction of the genetics of the variety with the growing conditions where the variety is grown.

Canadian heritage wheat varieties

Following are 33 varieties of Canadian wheat listed by the year they were recognized formally, their parentage, where they were developed and any other remarks.[2][3]

See also


  1. ^ "Red Fife Wheat", The Canadian Encyclopedia, Historica Canada, 2013, retrieved 11 July 2015
  2. ^ http://www.grassrootsolutions.com/heritage-wheat/varieties.html, Sharon Rempel Grassroot Solutions, Heritage Wheat Varieties, Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  3. ^ http://www.seeds.ca/proj/hwp/index.php?n=variety_cdn Archived 2011-07-27 at the Wayback Machine, Heritage Wheat Project, Canadian Heritage Wheat Varieties, Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  4. ^ a b Natural systems agriculture, Cultivar Mixtures, Cover Crops, and Intercropping with Organic Spring Wheat, The Cultivar Mixture Trial, retrieved 11 July 2015