This is a list of most influential Greek authors of antiquity (by alphabetic order):

  1. Aeschines – Rhetorics
  2. Aeschylus – Tragedy
  3. Aesop – Fables
  4. Alcaeus of Mytilene – Lyric Poetry
  5. Alcman – Lyric Poetry
  6. Anacreon – Lyric Poetry
  7. Anaxagoras – Philosophy
  8. Anaximander – Philosophy, Mathematics
  9. Anaximenes – Philosophy, Mathematics
  10. Andocides – Rhetorics
  11. Antiphon – Rhetorics
  12. Apollodorus of Carystus – Comedy
  13. Aristophanes – Comedy
  14. Archimedes – Mathematics, Geometry
  15. Aristotle – Philosophy, Physics, Biology
  16. Aratus – Poetry, Astronomy
  17. Arrian – History
  18. Athanasius of Alexandria – Theology
  19. Bacchylides – Lyric Poetry
  20. Chionides – Comedy
  21. Chrysippus – Philosophy
  22. Claudius Ptolemy – Geography, Astronomy
  23. Clement of Alexandria – Theology, Philosophy
  24. Democritus – Philosophy, Chemistry
  25. Demosthenes – Rhetorics, Politics
  26. Dinarchus – Rhetorics
  27. Dinon – History
  28. Diodorus – History
  29. Diogenes Laërtius – History of Philosophy
  30. Duris of Samos – History
  31. Epicurus – Philosophy
  32. Epimenides of Knossos – Philosophy, Philosophical poetry
  33. Eubulus (poet) – Comedy
  34. Euclid of Megara – Mathematics, Geometry
  35. Euripides – Tragedy
  36. Evagrius Ponticus – Theology
  37. Gorgias – Philosophy
  38. Hegemon of Thasos – Comedy
  39. Heraclitus – Philosophy
  40. Herodotus of Halicarnassus – History
  41. Hesiod – Epic Poetry
  42. Hippocrates of Cos – Medicine
  43. Homer – Epic Poetry
  44. Hypereides – Rhetorics
  45. Iamblichus – Philosophy
  46. Ibycus of Rhegium – Lyric Poetry
  47. Irenaeus – Theology, Philosophy
  48. Isaeus – Rhetorics, Logography
  49. Isocrates – Rhetorics
  50. Justin the Martyr – Theology, Philosophy
  51. Leucippus – Philosophy, Atomism
  52. Lucian – Satire, Rhetoric
  53. Luke the Evangelist – Theology, Medicine, History
  54. Lycurgus of Athens – Rhetorics
  55. Lysias – Logography, Rhetorics
  56. Maximus the Confessor – Theology, Philosophy
  57. Menander – Comedy
  58. Melissus of Samos – Philosophy
  59. Nicomachus of Gerasa – Mathematics
  60. Origen – Theology, Philosophy
  61. Papias of Hierapolis – Theology
  62. Parmenides – Philosophy
  63. Pherecydes of Athens – Mythography, Logography
  64. Philo of Alexandria – Theology, Philosophy
  65. Pindar – Lyrical Poetry
  66. Plato – Philosophy
  67. Plutarch – History, Biography, Philosophy
  68. Posidippus (comic poet) – Comedy
  69. Protagoras – Philosophy
  70. Sappho of Lesbos – Lyric Poetry
  71. Simonides – Lyric Poetry
  72. Solon – Politics, Philosophy
  73. Sophocles – Tragedy
  74. Stesichorus – Lyric Poetry
  75. Strattis – Comedy
  76. Thales of Miletus – Philosophy, Mathematics, Astronomy, Physics
  77. Theocritus – Bucolic poetry
  78. Theognis of Megara – Lyric Poetry
  79. Theopompus – History
  80. Thucydides – History
  81. Xenarchus of Seleucia – Philosophy, Philology
  82. Xenophanes– Philosophy, Theology
  83. Xenophon – History
  84. Zeno of Citium – Philosophy
  85. Zeno of Elea – Philosophy

Further reading