This is a navigational list of empires.

Empires and dynasties

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources in this section. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "List of empires" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (November 2023) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (December 2017)
Empire Start year End year Duration (years)
Abbasid Caliphate 750/1261 1258/1517 508
Aceh Sultanate 1496 1903 407
Achaemenid Empire 550 BC 330 BC 220
Afsharid Iran 1736 1796 60
Aghlabids 800 909 109
Ajuran Sultanate 1312 1786 474
Akkadian Empire 2334 BC 2154 BC 180
Aksumite Empire 150 BC 960 1110
Akwamu 1629 1867 238
Alaouite Dynasty 1631 Present 392
Almohad Caliphate 1130 1269 139
Almoravid Dynasty 1050 1147 97
Angevin Empire 1154 1242 88
Aq Qoyunlu 1378 1503 125
Armenian Empire 190 BC 428 618
Ashanti Empire 1670 1896 226
Assyria 1363 BC 609 BC 754
Aulikara Empire 528 550 22
Austria-Hungary 1867 1918 51
Austrian Empire 1804 1867 63
Ayutthaya Kingdom 1351 1767 416
Ayyubid Dynasty 1171 1260 89
Aztec Empire 1428 1521 93
Babylonia 1792 BC[1][2] 626 BC 1166
Neo-Babylonian Empire 626 BC 539 BC 87
Balhae 698 926 228
Banten Sultanate 1526 1813 287
Sultanate of Banjar 1520 1905 385
Bamana Empire 1712 1861 149
Belgian Colonial Empire 1908 1962 55
Bengal Sultanate 1352 1576 224
Benin Empire 1440 1897 457
Bornu Empire 1387 1893 506
Empire of Brazil 1822 1889 67
Britannic Empire 286 296 10
British Empire 1603 1997/Present 394/420
Bruneian Empire 1408 1888 480
Bukhara Empire 1506 1785 279
Bulgarian Empire (Great Bulgaria) 632 668 36
Bulgarian Empire (first) 681 1018 337
Bulgarian Empire (second) 1185 1396 211
Burgundian State 1384 1482 98
Buyid Dynasty 934 1055 121
Caliphate of Córdoba 756 1031 275
Cao Wei 220 265 45
Carthaginian Empire 814 BC 146 BC 668
Cebu Rajahnate 1279 1565 286
Central African Empire 1976 1979 3
Chagatai Khanate 1225 1687 462
Chalukya Dynasty 543 753 210
Chauhan Dynasty 551 1194 643
Chavín Empire 900 BC 200 BC 700
Chenla 550 802 252
Chera Dynasty 200 BC 1100 1300
Chimor 900 1470 570
Empire of China 1915 1916 3 Months
Chola Empire 500 BC 1279 1779
Classical Athens 508 BC 322 BC 180
Comanche Empire 1750 1850 100
Commonwealth of England 1649 1660 11
Congo Free State 1885 1908 23
Corinthia 900 BC 146 BC 754
Crimean Khanate 1441 1783 342
Gran Colombia 1819 1831 12
Crown of Aragon 1162 1716 554
Dacian Empire 168 BC 106 274
Danish colonial empire 1536 1953 417
Delhi Sultanate 1206 1527 321
Pallava Empire 275 897 622
Demak Sultanate 1475 1568 93
Durrani Empire 1747 1823 76
Dutch Empire 1568 1975 407
Dzungar Khanate 1634 1758 124
Eastern Chalukya Empire 624 1189 565
Middle Kingdom of Egypt 2055 BC 1650 BC 405
New Kingdom of Egypt 1550 BC 1077 BC 473
Elamite Empire 1210 BC 1100 BC 110
Pricipality of Elba 1814 1815 11 Months
Exarchate of Africa 585 698 113
Ethiopian Empire 1137 1974 837
Fatimid Caliphate 909 1171 262
First French Empire 1804 1815 11
Second French Empire 1852 1870 18
French Colonial Empire 1534 1980/Present 446/488
Frankish Empire 800 843 43
Funan 50 550 500
Gallic Empire 260 274 14
Gaza Empire 1824 1895 71
Genoese Republic 1096 1797 701
German Empire 1848 1849 1
German Empire 1871 1918 47
Ghana Empire 300 1240 940
Ghaznavid Dynasty 963 1187 224
Ghurid Dynasty 1148 1215 67
Goguryeo 37 BC 668 705
Goryeo 918 1392 474
Gorkha Empire 1600 1850 250
Goths 77 1780 1803
Göktürk Khaganate 551 744 193
Golden Horde 1240 1502 262
Sultanate of Gowa 1300 1945 645
Gran Colombia 1819 1831 12 [4]
Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1236 1795 559
Empire of Great Fulo 1514 1776 262
Great Moravian Empire 833 900 67
Gurjara-Pratihara Dynasty 600 1136 536
Gupta Empire 320 550 230
First Empire of Haiti 1804 1806 2
Second Empire of Haiti 1849 1859 10
Hafsid Kingdom 1228 1574 346
Han dynasty 206 BC 220 426
Hanseatic League 1356 1648 292
Empire of Harsha 606 647 41
Hephthalite Empire 420 567 147
Hittite Empire 1460 BC 1180 BC 280
Holy Roman Empire 800/962 (Debated) 1806 1006/844
Hospitaller Colonial Empire 1651 1665 14
Hotak Dynasty 1709 1738 29
Hoysala Empire 1026 1343 317
Hunnic Empire 370 469 99
Husainid Dynasty 1705 1957 252
Idrisid dynasty 788 974 186
Iberian Union 1580 1640 60
Ilkhanate 1256 1335 79
Iruquois Confedracy 1300 Present 723
Kingdom of Israel (united monarchy) 1047 BC 930 BC 117
Kingdom of Judah (united monarchy) 1050 BC 586 BC 464
Inca Empire (Tawantinsuyo) 1438 1533 95
Indian Empire 1858 1947 89
Italian Empire 1882 1947 65
Empire of Japan 1868 1947 79
Jin dynasty (266–420) 266 420 154
Jin dynasty (1115–1234) 1115 1234 119
Johor Empire 1528 1855 327
Jolof Empire 1350 1549 199
Joseon 1392 1897 505
Kaabu Empire 1537 1867 330
Kachari kingdom[5] 835 1832 997
Kanem Empire 700 1387 687
Kalmar Union 1397 1523 126
Kadamba dynasty 345 540 195
Kanva dynasty 75 BC 30 BC 45
Kara-Khanid Khanate 840 1212 372
Kazakh Khanate 1465 1847 382
Khazar Khaganate 700 1000 300
Khmer Empire 802 1431 629
Khilji Dynasty 1290 1320 30
Khwarazmian Empire 1077 1221 144
Kievan Rus' 862 1240 378
Kingdom of Georgia 1008 1490 482
Konbaung Dynasty 1752 1885 133
Kong Empire 1710 1898 188
Korean Empire 1897 1910 13
Kushan Empire 30 345 315
Kingdom of Kush 780 BC 350 1129
Kyrgyz Khaganate 539 1207 668
Lakota people 1700 1877 177
Latin Empire 1204 1261 57
Later Lê dynasty 1428 1789 361
Liao dynasty 915 1125 210
Lodi Sultanate 1451 1526 75
Lavo Kingdom 648 1388 740
Lombards 9 774 765
Macedonian Empire 334 BC 323 BC 11
Madurai Nayak dynasty 1529 1736 207
Magadha Empire 544 BC 28 BC 515
Majapahit Empire 1293 1527 234
Mali Empire 1235 1610 375
Malacca Empire 1400 1511 111
Mamluk Sultanate 1250 1517 267
Manchukuo 1932 1945 13
Maratha Empire 1674 1818 144
Marhasi 2550 BC 1900 BC 650
Marinid dynasty 1244 1465 221
Massina Empire 1820 1862 42
Mataram Sultanate 1587 1755 168
Mauretania 225 BC 44 269
Mauryan Empire 321 BC 185 BC 136
Maya civilization 2000 BC 1697 3697
Median Empire 625 BC 549 BC 76
Mlechchha dynasty 650 900 250
First Mexican Empire 1821 1823 2
Second Mexican Empire 1864 1867 3
Ming dynasty 1368 1644 276
Kingdom of Mitanni 1500 BC 1300 BC 200
Mongol Empire 1206 1368 162
Muhammad Ali Dynasty 1805 1953 148
Mughal Empire 1526 1857 331
Nanda Empire 345 BC 322 BC 23
Nazi Germany 1933 1945 12
Neo-Sumerian Empire 2112 BC 2004 BC 108
Nguyễn dynasty 1802 1945 143
North Sea Empire 1013 1042 29
Empire of Nicaea 1204 1261 57
Northern Yuan dynasty 1368 1635 267
Numidia 202 BC 40 BC 162
Odrysian kingdom 480 BC 30 BC 450
Omani Empire 1696 1856 158
Ostrogothic Kingdom 469 553 84
Ottoman Empire 1299 1922 623
Oyo Empire 1300 1905 605
Pagan Kingdom 849 1297 448
Pahlavi Iran 1925 1979 54
Pala Empire 750 1174 424
Palmyrene Empire 270 273 3
Pandyan dynasty 300 BC 1759[6] 2059
Parthian Empire 247 BC 224 471
Phoenicians 2500 BC 64 BC 2376
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1569 1795 226
Kingdom of Pontus 120 BC 47 BC 73
Portuguese Empire 1415 1999 584
Kingdom of Prussia 1701 1918 217
Ptolemaic Empire 305 BC 30 BC 275
Purépecha Empire 1300 1530[7] 230
Qajar Iran 1789 1925 136
Qara Qoyunlu 1374 1468 94
Qara Khitai 1124 1218 94
Qin dynasty 221 BC 206 BC 15
Qing dynasty 1636 1912 276
Rashidun Caliphate 632 661 29
Rashtrakuta dynasty 753 982 229
Roman Republic 509 BC 27 BC 582
Roman Empire 27 BC 395 422
Byzantine Empire 395 1453 1123
Western Roman Empire 395 476 81
Rouran Khaganate 330 555 225
Rozvi Empire 1660 1866 206
Rustamid dynasty 777 909 132
Russian Empire (Romanov) 1721 1917 196
Tsardom of Russia 1480 1721 241
Saadi dynasty 1554 1659 105
Safavid Iran 1501 1736 235
Saffarid dynasty 867 1002 135
Samo’s Empire 631 658 27
Sassanian Empire 224 651 427
Satavahana dynasty 230 BC 220 450
Samanid Empire 819 999 180
Sea Peoples 1276 BC 1178 BC 1002
Seleucid Empire 312 BC 63 BC 249
Seljuk Empire 1037 1194 157
Sultanate of Rum 1077 1308 231
Serbian Empire 1346 1371 25
Shah Mir Dynasty 1339 1561 222
Shu Han 221 263 42
Shang dynasty 1600 BC 1046 BC 554
Siam Empire 1782 1932 150
Sikh Empire 1799 1849 50
Singhasari 1222 1292 70
Sokoto Caliphate 1804 1903 99
Song dynasty 960 1279 319
Songhai Empire 1430 1591 161
Soviet Union 1922 1991 69
Spanish Empire 1492 1976 496
Spartan Empire 900 BC 192 BC 707
Srivijaya Empire 671 1026 355
Sui dynasty 581 618 37
Shunga Empire 185 BC 73 BC 112
Sur Empire 1538/1540 1556 16/18
Swedish Empire 1611 1721 110
Sweden-Norway 1814 1905 91
Sukhothai Kingdom 1238 1438 200
Tahirid dynasty 821 873 52
Tang dynasty 618 907 274
Tây Sơn dynasty 1789 1802 13
Sultanate of Ternate 1258 1914 657
Empire of Thessalonica 1224 1242 18
Thonburi Kingdom 1767 1782 15
Tibetan Empire 755 842 87
Timurid Empire 1370 1507 137
Kingdom of Tlemcen 1235 1556 321
Empire of Trebizond 1204 1461 257
Toltec Empire (disputed existence) 496 1122 626
Toucouleur Empire 1852 1893 41
Toungoo dynasty 1510 1752 242
Tui Manu’a Unknown 1909 Unknown
Tuʻi Tonga Empire 950 1865 915
Turgesh Khaganate 699 766 67
Umayyad Caliphate 661 750 89
United States 1776[8] (Debated) Present 248
Uyghur Khaganate 744 840 96
Uzbek Khanate 1428 1471 43
Vandal Kingdom 435 534 99
Varman dynasty 350 655 305
Venetian Republic 697 1797 1100
Empire of Vietnam March 1945 August 1945 5 Months
Vijayanagara Empire 1336 1646 310
Visigothic Kingdom 418 720 302
Wari Empire (debated) 600 1100 500
Wassoulou Empire 1878 1898 20
Wattasid dynasty 1472 1554 82
Western Chalukya Empire 975 1184 209
Xia dynasty 2070 BC 1600 BC 470
Western Xia 1038 1227 189
Xin dynasty 9 23 14
Yuan dynasty 1271 1368 97
Zand dynasty 1751 1794 43
Zhou dynasty 1046 BC 256 BC 790
Wu Zhou 690 705 15
Zirid dynasty 972 1148 176
Zulu Empire 1816 1897 81

See also

References

  1. ^ "Aliraqi - Babylonian Empire". Archived from the original on 21 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Babylonian Empire - Livius".
  3. ^ "The Old Kingdom".
  4. ^ https://learn.saylor.org/mod/book/view.php?id=54797&chapterid=40356. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "Kingdoms of South Asia - Indian Kingdoms of Assam".
  6. ^ Sethuraman, N. (1993). The Later Pandyas (1371–1759 AD). Tiruchirapalli: The Epigraphical Society of India.
  7. ^ Relación de Michoacán, complete text (in Spanish)
  8. ^ Doolen, Andy (23 July 2014). Territories of Empire. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348626.001.0001. ISBN 978-0-19-934862-6.