Spartacus who appears as a character in the 1958 ballet Spartacus by Aram Khachaturian

This is a list of historical figures who have been characters in ballets.

List of historical figures


Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author

Anna Anderson, impostor of Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia

Andrew II of Hungary, King of Hungary


Bahram V, King of Persia

Giovanni Boldini, Italian genre and portrait painter

William H. Bonney (Billy the Kid), frontier outlaw in the American Old West

Lizzie Borden, American woman who was acquitted for murder


Marie Anne de Cupis de Camargo, French/Belgian dancer

Caravaggio, Italian Baroque painter

Caroline Matilda of Great Britain, Queen of Denmark and Norway, the wife of Christian VII of Denmark

Fanny Cerrito, Italian ballet dancer and choreographer

Cleopatra, last ruler of Ptolemaic Egypt

Marcus Licinius Crassus, Roman general and politician

Cyrano de Bergerac, French dramatist


Hugh Despenser the Younger, royal chamberlain and a favourite of Edward II of England

Sergei Diaghilev, Russian art critic, ballet impresario, and founder of the Ballets Russes

Charles Didelot, French dancer and choreographer

Isadora Duncan, American dancer


Edward II of England, King of England

Edward III of England, King of England

Caroline Alice Elgar, English author

Edward Elgar, English composer

Empress Elisabeth of Austria, Empress consort of Austria

Elizabeth I of England, Queen of England and Ireland


Franca Florio, Italian noblewoman, socialite and a prominent protagonist of the Belle Époque

Ignazio Florio Jr., Italian entrepreneur

Saint Francis of Assisi, founder of the Franciscans

Franz Joseph I of Austria, Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary


Piers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall, English nobleman

Archduchess Gisela of Austria, second daughter of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria

Lucile Grahn, Danish ballerina

Alfred Grünfeld, court pianist of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria


James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, Lord High Admiral of Scotland and 3rd husband of Mary, Queen of Scotland

Herodias, a princess of the Herodian Dynasty

E. T. A. Hoffmann, German Romantic author


Isabella of France, Queen of England as the wife of Edward II

Ivan the Terrible, Tsar of Russia


August Jaeger, Anglo-German music publisher

Jiang Qing, Chinese figure, 4th wife of Mao Zedong


Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter

Mathilde Kschessinska, Russian prima ballerina

Andrey Kurbsky, Russian figure, political opponent of Ivan the Terrible


Countess Marie Larisch von Moennich, niece of Empress Elisabeth of Austria

Louis XVI of France, King of France

Princess Louise of Belgium, wife of Prince Philipp of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha


La Malinche, Aztec mistress of Hernán Cortés

Mao Zedong, Chinese leader

Marie Antoinette, Queen of France and Navarre

Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria, third daughter of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria

Mary, Queen of Scots, Queen of Scotland

Léonide Massine, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer

George "Bay" Middleton, English horseman

Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, English nobleman


Vaslav Nijinsky, Russian ballet dancer and choreographer

Jean-Georges Noverre, French dancer and ballet master



Niccolò Paganini, Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer

Denis Papin, French physicist, mathematician and inventor

Philippa of Hainault, Queen of England as the wife of King Edward III

Prince Philipp of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha



Jacques Renaudin (Valentin le désossé), French can-can dancer

Arthur Rimbaud, French poet

Diego Rivera, Mexican painter

Anastasia Romanovna, Tsaritsa consort, first wife of Ivan the Terrible

Salvator Rosa, Italian Baroque painter, poet, and printmaker

Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria, Crown Prince of Austria


Arthur Saint-Léon, French dancer and choreographer

Katharina Schratt, Austrian actress

Clara Schumann, German musician

Robert Schumann, German composer

George Robertson Sinclair, English cathedral organist

Princess Sophie of Bavaria, Archduchess of Austria

Spartacus, Thracian gladiator

Princess Stéphanie of Belgium, Crown Princess of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia

Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, King consort of Scotland


Eduard Taaffe, 11th Viscount Taaffe, Austrian statesman

Marie Taglioni, Italian/Swedish ballet dancer

Tancred, Prince of Galilee, Norman Crusade leader



Baroness Mary Vetsera, Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria's mistress

François Villon, French poet

Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist


Louise Weber (La Goulue), French can-can dancer




George Zorbas , Greek miner

See also