The following is a list of hoaxes:

Exposure hoaxes

See also: Culture jamming

These types of hoaxes are semi-comical or private "sting operations" intended to expose people. They usually encourage people to act foolishly or credulously by falling for patent nonsense that the hoaxer deliberately presents as reality.

Journalistic hoaxes

Deliberate hoaxes or journalistic scandals that have drawn widespread attention include:

Other hoaxes

This list does not include hoax articles published on or around April 1, a long list of which can be found in the List of April Fools' Day jokes article.









See also


  1. ^ Plimpton, George (2004). The Curious Case of Sidd Finch. New York, NY: Four Walls Eight Windows. ISBN 1-56858-296-X.
  2. ^ "The depressing tale of Johann Hari". The Economist. September 15, 2011.
  3. ^ Doerry, Martin (6 June 2019). "The Historian Who Invented 22 Holocaust Victims". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  4. ^ Mikkelson, Barbara & David P. "Hunting For Bambi" at Urban Legends Reference Pages.
  5. ^ Victor, Daniel (September 30, 2022). "For Once, the Hurricane Shark Was Real". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 30, 2022. Retrieved September 30, 2022.
  6. ^ Mehta, Ankita (2014-08-28). "'Two Moons' Hoax: Absence of Twin Moon on 27 August Disappoints Many". International Business Times. Retrieved 2014-08-31.
  7. ^ Heyd, Theresa (2008). Email Hoaxes: Form, Function, Genre Ecology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. p. 4. ISBN 978-90-272-5418-4. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
  8. ^ Stein, Gordon (1993). Encyclopedia of hoaxes. Internet Archive. Detroit : Gale Research. p. 279. ISBN 978-0-8103-8414-9.
  9. ^ Case, Richard A. (July 2, 1976). "Rubbing uncovers truth". Syracuse Herald-Journal.
  10. ^ Brown, Dan (2003). The Da Vinci Code. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-50420-9.
  11. ^ Cohn, Norman (1966). Warrant for Genocide: The Myth of the Jewish World-Conspiracy and the Protocols of the Elder of Zion. New York: Harper & Row..
  12. ^ Sarah Dai (2018-08-17). "Redcore CEO admits '100pc China-developed browser' is built on Google's Chrome, says writing code from scratch would 'take many years'". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 2018-08-17. Retrieved 2018-08-17.
  13. ^ "Maccas in damage control over Seriously McDonald's picture hoax". 14 June 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
  14. ^ "Ipswich, we have a problem: Space Cadets, the reality show that never left the ground". the Guardian. 2021-03-17. Retrieved 2023-01-03.
  15. ^ "A prominent Indian independent news site destroys its own credibility". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2023-11-24.
  16. ^ Staff, T. N. M. (2022-10-23). "The Wire retracts Meta stories, Tek Fog investigation to be reviewed too". The News Minute. Retrieved 2023-11-24.
  17. ^ "The Wire: India website removes Meta investigation after row". 2022-10-19. Retrieved 2023-11-24.
  18. ^ Rogers, A. Glenn (1953). "The Taughannock Giant". No. Fall 2003. Life in the Finger Lakes. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  19. ^ Githler, Charley (26 December 2017). "A Look Back At: Home-Grown Hoax: The Taughannock Giant". Tompkins Weekly. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  20. ^ "Saturn and Lord Shaneeshwara – Part One | Mysteries Explored". Archived from the original on 2015-12-23. Retrieved 2015-12-23.

Further reading