This list contains quantum processors, also known as quantum processing units (QPUs). Some devices listed below have only been announced at press conferences so far, with no actual demonstrations or scientific publications characterizing the performance.
These QPUs are based on the quantum circuit and quantum logic gate-based model of computing.
Manufacturer | Name/Codename/Designation | Architecture | Layout | Socket | Fidelity | Qubits | Release date |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
N/A | Superconducting | N/A | N/A | 99.5%^{[1]} | 20 qb | 2017 | |
N/A | Superconducting | 7×7 lattice | N/A | 99.7%^{[1]} | 49 qb^{[2]} | Q4 2017 (planned) | |
Bristlecone | Superconducting transmon | 6×12 lattice | N/A | 99% (readout) 99.9% (1 qubit) 99.4% (2 qubits) |
72 qb^{[3]}^{[4]} | March 5, 2018 | |
Sycamore | Superconducting transmon | 9×6 lattice | N/A | N/A | 53 qb effective | 2019 | |
USTC | Jiuzhang | Photonics | N/A | N/A | N/A | 76 qb^{[5]}^{[6]} | 2020 |
Xanadu | X8 ^{[7]} | Photonics | N/A | N/A | N/A | 8 qb | 2020 |
Xanadu | X12 | Photonics | N/A | N/A | N/A | 12 qb | 2020^{[7]} |
Xanadu | X24 | Photonics | N/A | N/A | N/A | 24 qb | 2020^{[7]} |
IBM | IBM Q 5 Tenerife | Superconducting | bow tie | N/A | 99.897% (average gate) 98.64% (readout) |
5 qb | 2016^{[1]} |
IBM | IBM Q 5 Yorktown | Superconducting | bow tie | N/A | 99.545% (average gate) 94.2% (readout) |
5 qb | |
IBM | IBM Q 14 Melbourne | Superconducting | N/A | N/A | 99.735% (average gate) 97.13% (readout) |
14 qb | |
IBM | IBM Q 16 Rüschlikon | Superconducting | 2×8 lattice | N/A | 99.779% (average gate) 94.24% (readout) |
16 qb^{[8]} | May 17, 2017 (Retired: 26 September 2018)^{[9]} |
IBM | IBM Q 17 | Superconducting | N/A | N/A | N/A | 17 qb^{[8]} | May 17, 2017 |
IBM | IBM Q 20 Tokyo | Superconducting | 5×4 lattice | N/A | 99.812% (average gate) 93.21% (readout) |
20 qb^{[10]} | November 10, 2017 |
IBM | IBM Q 20 Austin | Superconducting | 5×4 lattice | N/A | N/A | 20 qb | (Retired: 4 July 2018)^{[9]} |
IBM | IBM Q 50 prototype | Superconducting transmon | N/A | N/A | N/A | 50 qb^{[10]} | |
IBM | IBM Q 53 | Superconducting | N/A | N/A | N/A | 53 qb | October 2019 |
IBM | IBM Eagle | Superconducting | N/A | N/A | N/A | 127 qubit | November 2021 |
Intel | 17-Qubit Superconducting Test Chip | Superconducting | N/A | 40-pin cross gap | N/A | 17 qb^{[11]}^{[12]} | October 10, 2017 |
Intel | Tangle Lake | Superconducting | N/A | 108-pin cross gap | N/A | 49 qb^{[13]} | January 9, 2018 |
Rigetti | 8Q Agave | Superconducting | N/A | N/A | N/A | 8 qb | June 4, 2018^{[14]} |
Rigetti | 16Q Aspen-1 | Superconducting | N/A | N/A | N/A | 16 qb | November 30, 2018^{[14]} |
Rigetti | 19Q Acorn | Superconducting transmon | N/A | N/A | N/A | 19 qb^{[15]} | December 17, 2017 |
IBM | IBM Armonk^{[16]} | Superconducting | Single Qubit | N/A | N/A | 1 qb | October 16, 2019 |
IBM | IBM Ourense^{[16]} | Superconducting | T | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | July 3, 2019 |
IBM | IBM Vigo^{[16]} | Superconducting | T | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | July 3, 2019 |
IBM | IBM London^{[16]} | Superconducting | T | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | September 13, 2019 |
IBM | IBM Burlington^{[16]} | Superconducting | T | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | September 13, 2019 |
IBM | IBM Essex^{[16]} | Superconducting | T | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | September 13, 2019 |
IBM | IBM Athens ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV32 ^{[18]} | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | |
IBM | IBM Belem^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV16 | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | |
IBM | IBM Bogotá ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV32 ^{[18]} | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | |
IBM | IBM Casablanca ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV32 ^{[18]} | N/A | N/A | 7 qb | (Retired - March 2022) |
IBM | IBM Dublin ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV64 | N/A | N/A | 27 qb | |
IBM | IBM Guadalupe ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV32 ^{[18]} | N/A | N/A | 16 qb | |
IBM | IBM Kolkata | Superconducting | QV128 | N/A | N/A | 27 qb | |
IBM | IBM Lima ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV8 | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | |
IBM | IBM Manhattan ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV32 ^{[18]} | N/A | N/A | 65 qb | |
IBM | IBM Montreal ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV128 | N/A | N/A | 27 qb | |
IBM | IBM Mumbai ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV128 | N/A | N/A | 27 qb | |
IBM | IBM Paris ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV32 ^{[18]} | N/A | N/A | 27 qb | |
IBM | IBM Quito ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV16 | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | |
IBM | IBM Rome ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV32 ^{[18]} | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | |
IBM | IBM Santiago ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV32 ^{[18]} | N/A | N/A | 5 qb | |
IBM | IBM Sydney ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV32 ^{[18]} | N/A | N/A | 27 qb | |
IBM | IBM Toronto ^{[17]} | Superconducting | QV32 ^{[18]} | N/A | N/A | 27 qb | |
QuTech at TU Delft | Spin-2 | Semiconductor spin qubits | 99% (average gate) 85%(readout)^{[19]} |
2 qb | 2020 | ||
QuTech at TU Delft | Starmon-5 | Superconducting | X configuration | 97% (readout)^{[20]} | 5 qb | 2020 | |
IonQ | Trapped ion | 32x1 chain^{[21]} | N/A | 99.98% (1 qubit) 98.5-99.3% (2 qubit)^{[21]} |
32 qb |
These QPUs are based on quantum annealing.
Manufacturer | Name/Codename/Designation | Architecture | Layout | Socket | Fidelity | Qubits | Release date |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
D-Wave | D-Wave One (Ranier) | Superconducting | C_{4} = Chimera(4,4,4)^{[22]} = 4×4 K_{4,4} | N/A | N/A | 128 qb | 11 May 2011 |
D-Wave | D-Wave Two | Superconducting | C_{8} = Chimera(8,8,4)^{[22]} = 8×8 K_{4,4} | N/A | N/A | 512 qb | 2013 |
D-Wave | D-Wave 2X | Superconducting | C_{12} = Chimera(12,12,4)^{[22]}^{[23]} = 12×12 K_{4,4} | N/A | N/A | 1152 qb | 2015 |
D-Wave | D-Wave 2000Q | Superconducting | C_{16} = Chimera(16,16,4)^{[22]} = 16×16 K_{4,4} | N/A | N/A | 2048 qb | 2017 |
D-Wave | D-Wave Advantage | Superconducting | Pegasus P_{16}^{[24]}^{[25]} | N/A | N/A | 5760 qb | 2020 |