Tallest buildings in the European Union (as of 2020)
Tallest buildings in the European Union (as of 2020)

This list ranks the tallest buildings in the European Union that stand at least 150 metres (492 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This means that spires and other architectural details are included in the official height, but not antenna masts, as it is defined by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Only habitable buildings are ranked, which excludes radio masts and towers, observation towers, cathedrals, steeples, chimneys and other tall architectural structures.

Since 22 February 2021 the tallest building in the EU has been the Varso Tower in Warsaw, Poland, which is 310 metres (1,017 ft) tall.[1]

Existing buildings

Skyline of Warsaw in Poland
Skyline of Warsaw in Poland
Frankfurt skyline
Frankfurt skyline
Paseo de la Castellana in Madrid
Skyline of Milan in Italy
Skyline of Milan in Italy
Skyline of La Défense in Paris
Skyline of La Défense in Paris
Donau City in Vienna
Skyline of Rotterdam in the Netherlands
Skyline of Rotterdam in the Netherlands
22@ in Barcelona
Zuidas in Amsterdam

This list includes buildings under construction that have already been architecturally topped out. Architectural height is considered, so masts and other elements added after completion of building are not considered.

  Was the union's tallest building upon completion
  Was the country's tallest building upon completion
Rank Name Image City Height in m (ft)[2] Floors Year built
1 Varso Tower
Warsaw 310 m (1,017 ft) 53 2021
2 Commerzbank Tower
Frankfurt 259 m (850 ft) 56 1997
3 Messeturm
Frankfurt 256 m (840 ft) 64 1990
4 Torre de Cristal
Madrid 249 m (817 ft) 52 2009
5 Torre Cepsa
Madrid 248.3 m (815 ft) 45 2008
6 Palace of Culture and Science
Warsaw 237 m (778 ft)[a] 42 1955
7 Torre PwC
Madrid 236 m (774 ft) 52 2008
8 Unicredit Tower
Milan 231 m (758 ft) 35 2011
Tour First
Paris 231 m (758 ft) 52 2011
10 Torre Emperador
Madrid 224.2 m (736 ft) 57 2008
11 DC Towers
Vienna 220 m (722 ft) 60 2013
Warsaw Spire
Warsaw 220 m (722 ft) 49 2016
13 De Zalmhaven
Rotterdam 215 m (705 ft) 58 2021
14 Sky Tower
Wrocław 212 m (696 ft) 50 2012
15 Allianz Tower
Milan 209 m (686 ft) 50 2014
16 Tour Montparnasse
Paris 209 m (686 ft) 59 1972
Piedmont Region Headquarters[4]
Turin 209 m (686 ft) 42 2021
17 Westendstraße 1
Frankfurt 208 m (682 ft) 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower
Warsaw 208 m (682 ft) 43 1999
19 Millennium Tower
Vienna 202 m (663 ft) 50 1999
Warsaw Unit [pl] Warsaw 200.7 m (658 ft) 46 2021
21 Main Tower
Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 55 1999
Tower 185
Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 55 2011
Tour Incity Lyon 200 m (656 ft) 39 2015
24 Skyliner [pl]
Warsaw 195 m (640 ft) 45 2021
Q22
Warsaw 159 m (522 ft) 47 2016
26 Tour Majunga Paris 194 m (636 ft) 45 2014
27 Złota 44
Warsaw 192 m (630 ft) 54 2012
Rondo 1
Warsaw 159 m (522 ft) 40 2006
29 Turning Torso
Malmö 190 m (623 ft) 54 2005
30 Omniturm[5]
Frankfurt 189.9 m (623 ft) 45 2019
31 Intempo
Benidorm 187 m (614 ft) 55 2021
32 Trianon
Frankfurt 186 m (610 ft) 45 1993
Gran Hotel Bali
Benidorm 186 m (610 ft) 52 2002
34 Tour GDF Suez Paris 185 m (607 ft) 37 2008
35 European Central Bank Headquarters
Frankfurt 183.7 m (603 ft) 45 2014
36 Tour Granite Paris 183 m (600 ft) 35 2008
37 Caleido Tower
Madrid 181 m (594 ft) 38 2020
38 Olivia Star
Gdańsk 180.6 m (593 ft) 47 2018
39 Cajasol Tower
Seville 180.5 m (592 ft) 40 2016
40 Grand Tower[6]
Frankfurt 180 m (591 ft) 47 2019
40 Tours Duo 1[7]
Paris 180 m (591 ft) 39 2021
42 Tour Total
Paris 179 m (587 ft) 48 1985
43 Tour Areva
Paris 178 m (584 ft) 44 1974
44 Tour Saint-Gobain Paris 178 m (584 ft) 39 2019
45 Generali Tower
Milan 177.4 m (582 ft) 44 2017
46 Libeskind Tower
Milan 175.5 m (576 ft) 34 2021
47 Tour D2 Paris 171 m (561 ft) 37 2014
48 Opernturm
Frankfurt 170 m (558 ft) 42 2010
Taunusturm[8]
Frankfurt 170 m (558 ft) 40 2014
ONE Limassol 170 m (558 ft) 37 2021
51 Tours Société Générale (Tour Alicante)
Paris 167 m (548 ft) 37 1995
Tours Société Générale (Tour Chassagne)
Paris 167 m (548 ft) 37 1995
Torre Intesa Sanpaolo[9]
Turin 167 m (548 ft) 39 2014
54 Tour CB21
Paris 166 m (545 ft) 42 1974
Silberturm
Frankfurt 166 m (545 ft) 32 1978
Tour Carpe Diem Paris 166 m (545 ft) 34 2013
57 Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4[10]
Warsaw 165.4 m (543 ft) 46 2013
58 Tour Part-Dieu Lyon 165 m (541 ft) 42 1977
Maastoren
Rotterdam 165 m (541 ft) 44 2009
Torre Iberdrola
Bilbao 165 m (541 ft) 41 2011
61 InterContinental Warsaw
Warsaw 164 m (538 ft) 45 2003
62 Post Tower
Bonn 162 m (531 ft) 41 2002
63 Cœur Défense
Paris 161 m (528 ft) 40 2001
Palazzo Lombardia
Milan 161 m (528 ft) 44 2010
65 Tour Alto[11] Paris 160 m (525 ft) 38 2020
66 Tribunal de Paris[12]
Paris 159.7 m (524 ft) 38 2018
67 Westend Gate
Frankfurt 159 m (522 ft) 47 1976
68 Torre Lúgano[13]
Benidorm 158 m (518 ft) 43 2007
New Orleans
Rotterdam 158 m (518 ft) 43 2010
Torre Picasso
Madrid 156 m (512 ft) 43 1988
71 Deutsche Bank I
Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 40 1984
Deutsche Bank II
Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 38 1984
Torre Eurosky
Rome 155 m (509 ft) 35 2012
Tour Egée
Paris 155 m (509 ft) 40 1999
Tour Adria Paris 155 m (509 ft) 40 2002
Marienturm[14]
Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 38 2019
77 Torre Mapfre
Barcelona 154 m (505 ft) 40 1992
Hotel Arts
Barcelona 154 m (505 ft) 44 1994
Skyper
Frankfurt 154 m (505 ft) 38 2004
80 Tour Ariane
Paris 152 m (499 ft) 36 1975
Montevideo
Rotterdam 152 m (499 ft) 43 2005
82 De Rotterdam[15]
Rotterdam 151.3 m (496 ft) 44 2013
83 Gebouw Delftse Poort I
Rotterdam 151 m (495 ft) 41 1991
Torre Pontina
Latina 151 m (495 ft) 37 2010
Tour Trinity Paris 151 m (495 ft) 33 2020
86 Tour Les Poissons Paris 150 m (492 ft) 42 1970
Rembrandt Tower
Amsterdam 150 m (492 ft) 41 1992
Hochhaus Neue Donau[16]
Vienna 150 m (492 ft) 33 2002

Buildings by pinnacle height

Some skyscraper enthusiasts prefer this measurement, claiming that the extensions that can or cannot be deemed "architectural" are subjective. However, many non-architectural extensions (such as radio antennas) are easily added and removed from tall buildings without significantly changing the style and design of the building, which is seen as a significant part of the value of these buildings.

The list includes all skyscrapers of at least 180 metres (591 ft) tall. However the height data is subject to fluctuations due to simple changing of mast extensions. This list includes buildings under construction that have already been architecturally topped out.

bold †Denotes building with pinnacle height higher than architectural
Name City Height in m (ft) Floors Completed
Varso Tower Warsaw 310 m (1,017 ft) 53 2021
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 300 m (984 ft) 56 1997
Messeturm Frankfurt 256.5 m (842 ft) 55 1990
DC Towers Vienna 250 m (820 ft) 60 2013
Torre de Cristal Madrid 250 m (820 ft) 45 2007
Allianz Tower Milan 249 m (817 ft) 50 2014
Torre Cepsa Madrid 248.3 m (815 ft) 45 2008
Main Tower Frankfurt 240 m (787 ft) 55 1999
Palace of Culture and Science Warsaw 237 m (778 ft) 44 1955
Torre PwC Madrid 236 m (774 ft) 52 2007
Tour First Paris 231 m (758 ft) 56 2010
Unicredit Tower Milan 231 m (758 ft) 35 2011
Torre Espacio Madrid 230 m (755 ft) 57 2007
Warsaw Spire Warsaw 220 m (722 ft) 49 2016
European Central Bank Headquarters Frankfurt 217.3 m (713 ft) 45 2014
De Zalmhaven I Rotterdam 215 m (705 ft) 58 2022
Sky Tower Wrocław 212 m (696 ft) 50 2012
Tour Montparnasse Paris 209 m (686 ft) 59 1972
Piedmont Region Headquarters[4] Turin 209 m (686 ft) 42 2017
Westendstrasse 1 Frankfurt 208 m (682 ft) 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower Warsaw 208 m (682 ft) 43 1999
Millennium Tower Vienna 202 m (663 ft) 51 1999
Tour Incity Lyon 202 m (663 ft) 39 2015
Warsaw Unit [pl] Warsaw 200.7 m (658 ft) 46 2021
Tower 185 Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 51 2011
Intempo Benidorm 200 m (656 ft) 55 2014
Tour Majunga Paris 194 m (636 ft) 45 2014
Złota 44 Warsaw 192 m (630 ft) 54 2012
Generali Tower Milan 191.5 m (628 ft) 44 2017
Turning Torso Malmö 190 m (623 ft) 54 2005
Omniturm[17] Frankfurt 189.9 m (623 ft) 45 2019
Grand Tower†[18] Frankfurt 187 m (614 ft) 47 2019
Trianon Frankfurt 186 m (610 ft) 45 1993
Gran Hotel Bali Benidorm 186 m (610 ft) 52 2002
Tour GDF Suez Paris 185 m (607 ft) 37 2008
Tour Granite Paris 183 m (600 ft) 35 2008
Cajasol Tower Seville 180.5 m (592 ft) 40 2016
many lower buildings

Buildings under construction

This lists buildings that are under construction in European Union and are planned to rise at least 150 metres (492 ft). Approved or proposed buildings are not included in the table. Included are renders of the finished towers or images of the current construction sites.

Image Name City Metres Feet Floors Planned
completion
Karlatornet Gothenburg 245 804 73 2023
The Link[19] Paris 244 801 52 2024
Four Frankfurt 1 Frankfurt 228 748 59 2023
Tour Hekla Paris 220 722 51 2022
Sky Fort[b] Sofia 202 666 47 2022
ONE[20] Frankfurt 191 627 49 2022
Four Frankfurt 2 Frankfurt 172 564 50 2023
Eurovea Tower[21] Bratislava 168 552 46 2023
Trilogy East Tower[22][23] Limassol 165 541 37 2022
Trilogy West Tower[24][25] Limassol 161 528 39 2022
Skysawa[26] Warsaw 155 509 36 2022
Cooltoren[27] Rotterdam 150 492 50 2022

Timeline of the tallest buildings in the EU/EEC

The following is a timeline of the tallest buildings in the European Union (EU) and its direct predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC) established in 1957.

Name City Years as tallest Metres Feet Floors
Varso Tower Warsaw 2021–present 310 1,017 53
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 2020–2021 259 850 56
The Shard London 2011–2020 306[c] 1,004 73
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 1997–2011 259 850 56
Messeturm Frankfurt 1990–1997 257 843 55
Tour Montparnasse Paris 1972–1990 210 689 59
Tour du Midi / Zuidertoren Brussels 1966–1972 150 492 38
Pirelli Tower Milan 1958–1966 127 416 32

Prior to 1966, Edificio España and Torre de Madrid in Madrid surpassed the height of the then tallest EU building, but Spain didn't become a European Union member until 1986. Similarly, before 1990, the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw surpassed the height of the then tallest EU building; however, Poland did not become a member of the European Union until 2004.

The Shard ceased to be tallest building in the EU in 2020 due to the United Kingdom exiting the European Union. The title then returned to the previous holder, Frankfurt's Commerzbank Tower.

See also

Footnotes and references

  1. ^ Height according to the official website of the Palace of Culture which claims that the additional 6-meter spire-antenna addition is an integral part of the spire[3]
  2. ^ Structurally Topped Out
  3. ^ Height according to Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat methodology, according to other sources the height is 309.6 m (1,016 ft)[28]
  1. ^ Bretan, Juliette (22 February 2021). "Warsaw skyscraper becomes EU's tallest building". Notes From Poland. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Buildings in Europe, No Min. Year-No Max. Year". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Information about the Palace (in Polish)". Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b GmbH, Emporis. "La Muratella, Rome - 256356 - EMPORIS". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Omniturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  6. ^ "Grand Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  7. ^ "Tours DUO 1". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  8. ^ "TaunusTurm". Tishman Speyer.
  9. ^ "Grattacielo Intesa SanPaolo". UrbanFile. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  10. ^ "Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4 Warszawa – inwestycja Tacit Development Polska". Urbanity.pl.
  11. ^ "Tour ALTO". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  12. ^ "Tribunal de Paris". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  13. ^ "Torre Lugano - The Skyscraper Center". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Marienturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  15. ^ "De Rotterdam". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  16. ^ "Hochhaus Neue Donau". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  17. ^ "Omniturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  18. ^ "Grand Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  19. ^ "The Link". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  20. ^ "ONE". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  21. ^ "Eurovea Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  22. ^ "Trilogy Limassol Seafront East Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  23. ^ Trilogy East Tower at Emporis
  24. ^ "Trilogy Limassol Seafront West Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  25. ^ Trilogy West Tower at Emporis
  26. ^ "Skysawa". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  27. ^ "Cooltoren". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  28. ^ "A Vertical City". Retrieved 26 December 2016.

Bibliography