Tallest buildings in the European Union (as of 2020)
Tallest buildings in the European Union (as of 2020)

This list ranks the tallest buildings in the European Union that stand at least 150 metres (492 ft) tall, based on standard height measurement. This means that spires and other architectural details are included in the official height, but not antenna masts, as it is defined by the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Only habitable buildings are ranked, which excludes radio masts and towers, observation towers, cathedrals, steeples, chimneys and other tall architectural structures.

Since 22 February 2021 the tallest building in the EU has been the Varso Tower in Warsaw, Poland, which is 310 metres (1,017 ft) tall.[1]

Existing buildings

Skyline of Warsaw in Poland
Skyline of Warsaw in Poland
Frankfurt skyline
Frankfurt skyline
Paseo de la Castellana in Madrid
Skyline of Milan in Italy
Skyline of Milan in Italy
Skyline of La Défense in Paris
Skyline of La Défense in Paris
Donau City in Vienna
Skyline of Rotterdam in the Netherlands
Skyline of Rotterdam in the Netherlands
22@ in Barcelona
Zuidas in Amsterdam

This list includes buildings under construction that have already been architecturally topped out. Architectural height is considered, so masts and other elements added after completion of building are not considered.

  Was the union's tallest building upon completion
  Was the country's tallest building upon completion
Rank Name Image City Height in m (ft)[2] Floors Year built
1 Varso Tower
03-09-2021 plac budowy Varso.jpg
Warsaw 310 m (1,017 ft) 53 2021
2 Commerzbank Tower
Frankfurt Am Main-Commerzbank Tower-Ansicht vom Eisernen Steg.jpg
Frankfurt 259 m (850 ft) 56 1997
3 Messeturm
01-01-2014 - Messeturm - trade fair tower - Frankfurt- Germany - 05.jpg
Frankfurt 256 m (840 ft) 64 1990
4 Torre de Cristal
Torre de Cristal (Madrid) 09a.jpg
Madrid 249 m (817 ft) 52 2009
5 Torre Cepsa
Torre Caja Madrid (CTBA) 10.jpg
Madrid 248.3 m (815 ft) 45 2008
6 Palace of Culture and Science
Pałac Kultury i Nauki, Warszawa 2.jpg
Warsaw 237 m (778 ft)[a] 42 1955
7 Torre PwC
Torre Sacyr Vallehermoso (Madrid) 05a.jpg
Madrid 236 m (774 ft) 52 2008
8 Unicredit Tower
UniCredit Tower, Milan, Italy.jpg
Milan 231 m (758 ft) 35 2011
Tour First
Tour First - La Defense - Inauguration 6 mai 2011.jpg
Paris 231 m (758 ft) 52 2011
10 Torre Emperador
Torre Espacio (Madrid) 09a.jpg
Madrid 224.2 m (736 ft) 57 2008
11 DC Towers
DC Tower 1 Vienna from SSW on 2013-09-24 perspective controlled.png
Vienna 220 m (722 ft) 60 2013
Warsaw Spire
Warsaw Spire 2019.jpg
Warsaw 220 m (722 ft) 49 2016
13 De Zalmhaven
De Zalmhaven I - Rotterdam - View from the Westerstraat.jpg
Rotterdam 215 m (705 ft) 58 2021
14 Sky Tower
2015 Sky Tower we Wrocławiu.jpg
Wrocław 212 m (696 ft) 50 2012
15 Allianz Tower
Torre Isozaki Milano.jpg
Milan 209 m (686 ft) 50 2014
16 Tour Montparnasse
P1020879 Paris VI Rue de Rennes rwk.JPG
Paris 209 m (686 ft) 59 1972
Piedmont Region Headquarters[4]
GrattacieloPiemonte.jpg
Turin 209 m (686 ft) 42 2021
17 Westendstraße 1
Frankfurt Westend Tower.Süd.20130616.jpg
Frankfurt 208 m (682 ft) 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower
La "Warsaw Trade Tower".jpg
Warsaw 208 m (682 ft) 43 1999
19 Millennium Tower
Millennium Tower Vienna seen from across the Danube 2006-11-02 099.jpg
Vienna 202 m (663 ft) 50 1999
Warsaw Unit [pl]
Budynek warsaw unit od zachodu.jpg
Warsaw 200.7 m (658 ft) 46 2021
21 Main Tower
Maintower Frankfurt.jpg
Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 55 1999
Tower 185
Tower 185.jpg
Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 55 2011
Tour Incity Lyon 200 m (656 ft) 39 2015
24 Skyliner [pl]
Skyliner nad 19 dzielnicą.jpg
Warsaw 195 m (640 ft) 45 2021
Q22
Q22 Warszawa 2016.jpg
Warsaw 159 m (522 ft) 47 2016
26 Tour Majunga Paris 194 m (636 ft) 45 2014
27 Złota 44
Warszawa - Złota 44.jpg
Warsaw 192 m (630 ft) 54 2012
Rondo 1
Rondo 1 Warszawa - widok z Prostej.jpg
Warsaw 159 m (522 ft) 40 2006
29 Turning Torso
Turningtorso2011.jpg
Malmö 190 m (623 ft) 54 2005
30 Omniturm[5]
Omniturm Frankfurt 09-19.jpg
Frankfurt 189.9 m (623 ft) 45 2019
31 Intempo
In Tempo enero 2015.jpg
Benidorm 202.5 m (664 ft) 55 2021
32 Trianon
Trianon DEKA.JPG
Frankfurt 186 m (610 ft) 45 1993
Gran Hotel Bali
Gran bali.jpg
Benidorm 186 m (610 ft) 52 2002
34 Tour GDF Suez Paris 185 m (607 ft) 37 2008
35 European Central Bank Headquarters
Frankfurt EZB-Neubau.Osten.20140209.jpg
Frankfurt 183.7 m (603 ft) 45 2014
36 Tour Granite Paris 183 m (600 ft) 35 2008
37 Caleido Tower
Madrid 181 m (594 ft) 38 2020
38 Olivia Star
Olivia Star.jpg
Gdańsk 180.6 m (593 ft) 47 2018
39 Sevilla Tower
Torre Sevilla 2017.jpg
Seville 180.5 m (592 ft) 40 2016
40 Grand Tower[6]
Frankfurt.Grand Tower.20200207.jpg
Frankfurt 180 m (591 ft) 47 2019
40 Tours Duo 1[7]
Tours DUO 25.11.20.jpg
Paris 180 m (591 ft) 39 2021
42 Tour Total
Tour-Total.jpg
Paris 179 m (587 ft) 48 1985
43 Tour Areva
Areva1.jpg
Paris 178 m (584 ft) 44 1974
44 Tour Saint-Gobain Paris 178 m (584 ft) 39 2019
45 Generali Tower
Torre Hadid.png
Milan 177.4 m (582 ft) 44 2017
46 Libeskind Tower
Torre Libeskind - ottobre 2019.jpg
Milan 175.5 m (576 ft) 34 2021
47 Tour D2 Paris 171 m (561 ft) 37 2014
48 Opernturm
Opernturm.jpg
Frankfurt 170 m (558 ft) 42 2010
Taunusturm[8]
Frankfurt Taunusturm.20140417.jpg
Frankfurt 170 m (558 ft) 40 2014
ONE Limassol 170 m (558 ft) 37 2021
51 Tours Société Générale (Tour Alicante)
ToursSocieteGenerale.jpg
Paris 167 m (548 ft) 37 1995
Tours Société Générale (Tour Chassagne)
ToursSocieteGenerale.jpg
Paris 167 m (548 ft) 37 1995
Torre Intesa Sanpaolo[9]
Intesa Sanpaolo Tower.jpg
Turin 167 m (548 ft) 39 2014
54 Tour CB21
TourGan.jpg
Paris 166 m (545 ft) 42 1974
Silberturm
Silver Tower.jpg
Frankfurt 166 m (545 ft) 32 1978
Tour Carpe Diem Paris 166 m (545 ft) 34 2013
57 Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4[10]
Cosmopolitan Twarda 2-4 from Próżna street, Warsaw.jpg
Warsaw 165.4 m (543 ft) 46 2013
58 Tour Part-Dieu Lyon 165 m (541 ft) 42 1977
Maastoren
Rotterdam toren maastoren.jpg
Rotterdam 165 m (541 ft) 44 2009
Torre Iberdrola
Bilbao - Torre Iberdrola 07.JPG
Bilbao 165 m (541 ft) 41 2011
61 InterContinental Warsaw
InterContinental Warszawa.JPG
Warsaw 164 m (538 ft) 45 2003
62 Post Tower
Posttower Bonn 001.jpg
Bonn 162 m (531 ft) 41 2002
63 Cœur Défense
TourCoeurDefense.jpg
Paris 161 m (528 ft) 40 2001
Palazzo Lombardia
Milano, Palazzo Lombardia.jpg
Milan 161 m (528 ft) 44 2010
65 Tour Alto[11] Paris 160 m (525 ft) 38 2020
66 Tribunal de Paris[12]
Tribunal de Paris.jpeg
Paris 159.7 m (524 ft) 38 2018
67 Westend Gate
Westend Gate Frankfurt 2011-07.jpg
Frankfurt 159 m (522 ft) 47 1976
68 Torre Lúgano[13]
Lugano 1.PNG
Benidorm 158 m (518 ft) 43 2007
New Orleans
Rotterdam toren new orleans.jpg
Rotterdam 158 m (518 ft) 43 2010
Torre Picasso
Torre Picasso (Madrid) 10.jpg
Madrid 156 m (512 ft) 43 1988
71 Deutsche Bank I
Frankfurt Deutsche Bank Headquarters.20140221.jpg
Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 40 1984
Deutsche Bank II
Frankfurt Deutsche Bank Headquarters.20140221.jpg
Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 38 1984
Torre Eurosky
Eurosky Tower, Rome.jpg
Rome 155 m (509 ft) 35 2012
Tour Egée
TourEgee.jpg
Paris 155 m (509 ft) 40 1999
Tour Adria Paris 155 m (509 ft) 40 2002
Marienturm[14]
Marienturm Frankfurt 05-19.jpg
Frankfurt 155 m (509 ft) 38 2019
77 Torre Mapfre
Torre Mapfre.JPG
Barcelona 154 m (505 ft) 40 1992
Hotel Arts
Hotel Arts.jpg
Barcelona 154 m (505 ft) 44 1994
Skyper
Frankfurt Am Main-Skyper von Suedosten-20120309.jpg
Frankfurt 154 m (505 ft) 38 2004
80 Tour Ariane
TourAriane.jpg
Paris 152 m (499 ft) 36 1975
Montevideo
Rotterdam montevideotoren.jpg
Rotterdam 152 m (499 ft) 43 2005
82 De Rotterdam[15]
DeRotterdam.JPG
Rotterdam 151.3 m (496 ft) 44 2013
83 Gebouw Delftse Poort I
Rotterdam NationaleNederlanden.jpg
Rotterdam 151 m (495 ft) 41 1991
Torre Pontina
Torre Pontina.jpg
Latina 151 m (495 ft) 37 2010
Tour Trinity Paris 151 m (495 ft) 33 2020
86 Tour Les Poissons Paris 150 m (492 ft) 42 1970
Rembrandt Tower
Rembrandt toren frontaal.jpg
Amsterdam 150 m (492 ft) 41 1992
Hochhaus Neue Donau[16]
Hochhaus Neue Donau Wien.jpg
Vienna 150 m (492 ft) 33 2002

Buildings by pinnacle height

Some skyscraper enthusiasts prefer this measurement, claiming that the extensions that can or cannot be deemed "architectural" are subjective. However, many non-architectural extensions (such as radio antennas) are easily added and removed from tall buildings without significantly changing the style and design of the building, which is seen as a significant part of the value of these buildings.

The list includes all skyscrapers of at least 180 metres (591 ft) tall. However the height data is subject to fluctuations due to simple changing of mast extensions. This list includes buildings under construction that have already been architecturally topped out.

bold †Denotes building with pinnacle height higher than architectural
Name City Height in m (ft) Floors Completed
Varso Tower Warsaw 310 m (1,017 ft) 53 2021
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 300 m (984 ft) 56 1997
Allianz Tower Milan 259 m (850 ft) 50 2014
Messeturm Frankfurt 256.5 m (842 ft) 55 1990
DC Towers Vienna 250 m (820 ft) 60 2013
Torre de Cristal Madrid 250 m (820 ft) 45 2007
Torre Cepsa Madrid 248.3 m (815 ft) 45 2008
Main Tower Frankfurt 240 m (787 ft) 55 1999
Palace of Culture and Science Warsaw 237 m (778 ft) 44 1955
Torre PwC Madrid 236 m (774 ft) 52 2007
Tour First Paris 231 m (758 ft) 56 2010
Unicredit Tower Milan 231 m (758 ft) 35 2011
Torre Espacio Madrid 230 m (755 ft) 57 2007
Warsaw Spire Warsaw 220 m (722 ft) 49 2016
European Central Bank Headquarters Frankfurt 217.3 m (713 ft) 45 2014
De Zalmhaven I Rotterdam 215 m (705 ft) 58 2022
Sky Tower Wrocław 212 m (696 ft) 50 2012
Tour Montparnasse Paris 209 m (686 ft) 59 1972
Piedmont Region Headquarters[4] Turin 209 m (686 ft) 42 2017
Westendstrasse 1 Frankfurt 208 m (682 ft) 53 1993
Warsaw Trade Tower Warsaw 208 m (682 ft) 43 1999
Millennium Tower Vienna 202 m (663 ft) 51 1999
Tour Incity Lyon 202 m (663 ft) 39 2015
Warsaw Unit [pl] Warsaw 200.7 m (658 ft) 46 2021
Tower 185 Frankfurt 200 m (656 ft) 51 2011
Intempo Benidorm 200 m (656 ft) 55 2014
Tour Majunga Paris 194 m (636 ft) 45 2014
Złota 44 Warsaw 192 m (630 ft) 54 2012
Generali Tower Milan 191.5 m (628 ft) 44 2017
Turning Torso Malmö 190 m (623 ft) 54 2005
Omniturm[17] Frankfurt 189.9 m (623 ft) 45 2019
Grand Tower†[18] Frankfurt 187 m (614 ft) 47 2019
Trianon Frankfurt 186 m (610 ft) 45 1993
Gran Hotel Bali Benidorm 186 m (610 ft) 52 2002
Tour GDF Suez Paris 185 m (607 ft) 37 2008
Tour Granite Paris 183 m (600 ft) 35 2008
Sevilla Tower Seville 180.5 m (592 ft) 40 2016
many lower buildings

Buildings under construction

This lists buildings that are under construction in European Union and are planned to rise at least 150 metres (492 ft). Approved or proposed buildings are not included in the table. Included are renders of the finished towers or images of the current construction sites.

Image Name City Metres Feet Floors Planned
completion
Karlatornets byggarbetsplats 2020.jpg
Karlatornet Gothenburg 245 804 73 2023
The Link[19] Paris 244 801 52 2024
Four Frankfurt 1 Frankfurt 228 748 59 2023
Photo tour Hekla janvier 2022.jpg
Tour Hekla Paris 220 722 51 2022
Sky Fort[b] Sofia 202 666 47 2022
ONE[20] Frankfurt 191 627 49 2022
Estrel Tower Berlin 176 577 45 2024
Four Frankfurt 2 Frankfurt 172 564 50 2023
Eurovea Tower[21] Bratislava 168 552 46 2023
Trilogy East Tower[22][23] Limassol 165 541 37 2022
Trilogy West Tower[24][25] Limassol 161 528 39 2022
Skysawa[26] Warsaw 155 509 36 2022
Cooltoren[27] Rotterdam 150 492 50 2022

Timeline of the tallest buildings in the EU/EEC

The following is a timeline of the tallest buildings in the European Union (EU) and its direct predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC) established in 1957.

Name City Years as tallest Metres Feet Floors
Varso Tower Warsaw 2021–present 310 1,017 53
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 2020–2021 259 850 56
The Shard London 2011–2020 306[c] 1,004 73
Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 1997–2011 259 850 56
Messeturm Frankfurt 1990–1997 257 843 55
Tour Montparnasse Paris 1972–1990 210 689 59
Tour du Midi / Zuidertoren Brussels 1966–1972 150 492 38
Pirelli Tower Milan 1958–1966 127 416 32

Prior to 1966, Edificio España and Torre de Madrid in Madrid surpassed the height of the then tallest EU building, but Spain didn't become a European Union member until 1986. Similarly, before 1990, the Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw surpassed the height of the then tallest EU building; however, Poland did not become a member of the European Union until 2004.

The Shard ceased to be tallest building in the EU in 2020 due to the United Kingdom exiting the European Union. The title then returned to the previous holder, Frankfurt's Commerzbank Tower.

See also

Footnotes and references

  1. ^ Height according to the official website of the Palace of Culture which claims that the additional 6-meter spire-antenna addition is an integral part of the spire[3]
  2. ^ Structurally Topped Out
  3. ^ Height according to Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat methodology, according to other sources the height is 309.6 m (1,016 ft)[28]
  1. ^ Bretan, Juliette (22 February 2021). "Warsaw skyscraper becomes EU's tallest building". Notes From Poland. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  2. ^ "Buildings in Europe, No Min. Year-No Max. Year". www.skyscrapercenter.com. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Information about the Palace (in Polish)". Retrieved 25 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b GmbH, Emporis. "La Muratella, Rome - 256356 - EMPORIS". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Omniturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  6. ^ "Grand Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  7. ^ "Tours DUO 1". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  8. ^ "TaunusTurm". Tishman Speyer.
  9. ^ "Grattacielo Intesa SanPaolo". UrbanFile. Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  10. ^ "Cosmopolitan Twarda 2/4 Warszawa – inwestycja Tacit Development Polska". Urbanity.pl.
  11. ^ "Tour ALTO". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  12. ^ "Tribunal de Paris". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  13. ^ "Torre Lugano - The Skyscraper Center". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Marienturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  15. ^ "De Rotterdam". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  16. ^ "Hochhaus Neue Donau". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  17. ^ "Omniturm". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  18. ^ "Grand Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  19. ^ "The Link". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  20. ^ "ONE". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  21. ^ "Eurovea Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  22. ^ "Trilogy Limassol Seafront East Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  23. ^ Trilogy East Tower at Emporis
  24. ^ "Trilogy Limassol Seafront West Tower". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  25. ^ Trilogy West Tower at Emporis
  26. ^ "Skysawa". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  27. ^ "Cooltoren". CTBUH Skyscraper Center. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  28. ^ "A Vertical City". Retrieved 26 December 2016.

Bibliography