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The Macintosh LC 500 series is a series of personal computers that were a part of Apple Computer's Macintosh LC family of Macintosh computers, designed as a successor to the compact Macintosh family of computers for the mid-1990s mainstream education-market. The all-in-one desktop case is similar to the then recently introduced Macintosh Color Classic, but the LC 500 series is considerably larger and heavier due to its larger screen and a bulging midsection to house the larger electronics, including a 14" CRT display, CD-ROM drive, and stereo speakers.

The LC 500 series included four main models, the 520, 550, 575, and 580, with the 520 and 550 both using different speeds of the Motorola 68030, and the 575 and 580 sharing the 33 MHz Motorola 68LC040 processor but differing on the rest of the hardware. All of these computers were also sold to the consumer market through department stores under the Macintosh Performa brand, with similar model numbers. The LC models, in particular, became very popular in schools for their small footprint, lack of cable clutter, and durability. The Macintosh TV, while not branded as an LC, uses the LC 520's case (in black instead of beige) and a logic board similar to the LC 550. The compact Color Classic series shares many components, and is able to swap logic boards with the early 500 series machines.

LC 520

Macintosh LC 520 / Performa 520
A Macintosh LC 520
Also known as"Hook"
DeveloperApple Computer
Product familyLC, Performa
Release dateJune 28, 1993 (1993-06-28)
Introductory priceUS$1,599 (equivalent to $3,239 in 2022)
DiscontinuedFebruary 2, 1994 (1994-02-02)
Operating systemSystem 7.1-Mac OS 7.6.1
With 68040 upgrade, Mac OS 8.1
CPUMotorola 68030 @ 25 MHz
Memory5 MB, expandable to 36 MB (80 ns 72-pin SIMM)
Display14 inches (36 cm)
DimensionsHeight: 17.9 inches (45 cm)
Width: 13.5 inches (34 cm)
Depth: 16.5 inches (42 cm)
Mass40.5 pounds (18.4 kg)
PredecessorMacintosh LC III
SuccessorMacintosh LC 550
Macintosh LC 575

The Macintosh LC 520 was introduced in June 1993. The case design was larger than the compact Macintosh models that precede it, due in large part to the significantly larger screen and CD-ROM drive.

The LC 520 got its start as a design project codenamed "Mongo". Following the success of the Color Classic, The Apple Industrial Design Group (IDg) began exploring the adaptation of the Color Classic's design language, dubbed Espresso, for a larger display version that would also include a CD-ROM drive. However, IDg hated the design so much that they permanently shelved the final concept. In 1992, Apple CEO John Sculley demanded a large screen all-in-one design to fill out his market strategy in less than 6 months. Over IDg's objections, Apple's engineering team retrieved the shelved design and promptly put it into production. Because IDg universally detested the design, they immediately began the re-design project that would become the Power Macintosh 5200 LC series less than two years later.[1]

The LC 520 has been described as if you "take an LC III and graft on a 14″ Trinitron monitor along with stereo speakers". The logic board of the 520 is broadly the same as the Macintosh LC III, with a Motorola 68030 CPU and an optional Motorola 68882 FPU.[2]

A New York Times review of the LC 520 was generally positive, with columnist Peter Lewis noting that its $1,599 price point is "perhaps the best value in the entire Macintosh product line ... it would be very difficult to put together a Windows-based PC with the same features for that price, and Windows computers are usually much less expensive than Macs."[3] Lewis also noted that the unit's 40-pound weight would make it difficult to carry home at night -- an attribute that Apple had previously marketed as a feature of compact Macintosh models in the 1980s. MacWEEK wrote that the timing of the LC 520's release coincided with purchasing timelines for schools, and that the decision to market the computer exclusively to the education market was part of a strategic shift to move the LC brand away from the retail market.[4]

The LC 520 was discontinued in February 1994, when it was replaced by both the faster but otherwise essentially unchanged Macintosh LC 550 and the new, 68LC040-equipped Macintosh LC 575. Apple sold upgrade kits for the LC 520 that brought it to the same specifications as the LC 550 or 575.

Models

Initially sold only in Japan and Canada, and to U.S. educational institutions. The computer was discontinued in February 1994. Featured a caddy-loaded CD-ROM drive.

Introduced June 28, 1993:

LC 550

Macintosh LC 550 / Performa 550 / Performa 560
A Macintosh Performa 550
Also known as"Hook 33"
DeveloperApple Computer
Product familyLC, Performa
Release dateOctober 18, 1993 (1993-10-18)
Introductory priceUS$1,200 (equivalent to $2,431 in 2022)
DiscontinuedMarch 23, 1995 (1995-03-23)
Operating systemSystem 7.1 - Mac OS 7.6.1
With 68040 upgrade, Mac OS 8.1
CPUMotorola 68030 @ 33 MHz
Memory5 MB, expandable to 36 MB (80 ns 72-pin SIMM)
Display14 inches (36 cm)
DimensionsHeight: 17.9 inches (45 cm)
Width: 13.5 inches (34 cm)
Depth: 16.5 inches (42 cm)
Mass40.5 pounds (18.4 kg)
PredecessorMacintosh LC 520
SuccessorMacintosh LC 580
Power Macintosh 5200 LC

The Macintosh LC 550 replaced the LC 520 in February 1994. The Performa variants were introduced earlier, the 550 in October 1993 and the 560 in January 1994, and remained available for more than a year longer, until April 1996.

The main difference between the 550 and the 520 is the faster 68030 CPU, clocked at 33 MHz instead of 25 MHz, with the bus speed also increasing from 25 to 33 MHz. Unlike the 520, the optical drive was a bare-CD tray-loading type which did not require a caddy. The logic board in the 550 is essentially the same one used in the Macintosh Color Classic II, an upgrade to the original Color Classic not available in the United States. Apple also offered the same upgrade package for the 520 to the LC 575 logic board.[7]

Two Performa variants were introduced, varying only in the software bundle that was included. The 550 included only consumer applications. The Performa 560 was called the "Money Edition" owing to a partnership between Apple and Money magazine.[8] In addition to some consumer and education software, it also included more than a dozen business software applications.


Models

Introduced October 18, 1993:

Introduced January 15, 1994:

Introduced February 2, 1994:

LC 575

Macintosh LC 575 / Performa 575 / Performa 577 / Performa 578
A Macintosh LC 575
Also known as"Optimus"[12]
DeveloperApple Computer
Product familyLC, Performa
Release dateFebruary 1, 1994 (1994-02-01)
Introductory priceUS$1,699 (equivalent to $3,355 in 2022)
DiscontinuedApril 1, 1996 (1996-04-01)
Operating system7.1 - Mac OS 8.1
With PowerPC upgrade, Mac OS 9.1
CPUMotorola 68LC040 @ 33 MHz
Memory5 MB, expandable to 68 MB (80 ns 72-pin SIMM)
Display14 inches (36 cm)
DimensionsHeight: 17.9 inches (45 cm)
Width: 13.5 inches (34 cm)
Depth: 16.5 inches (42 cm)
Mass40.5 pounds (18.4 kg)
PredecessorMacintosh LC 550
SuccessorMacintosh LC 580
Power Macintosh 5200 LC

The Macintosh LC 575 was available from 1994 to 1996. It retains the "all-in-one" case of the LC 520/550, but uses the LC 475's architecture with a Motorola 68LC040 CPU (at a speed of 33 MHz instead of 25 MHz) and a tray-loading optical drive. It also included a high density floppy disk drive. The CPU clock is sometimes given as 66 MHz, since the clock signal is of that frequency - however, the processor itself only runs at 33 MHz. The LC 575 also introduced the comm slot, which was included in most later LC models as well.

In May 1994, a set of Performa variants were introduced: the Performa 575, 577 and 578.[13] The machines are identical except for the amount of RAM and the HDD size. Software packages included with the Performa variants include ClarisWorks 2.0, Quicken 4.0, Grolier's Encyclopedia, the 1993 The TIME Almanac, At Ease and some educational titles.

David Pogue described this machine as having been "enthusiastically received by Mac fans, who appreciated their crisp color screens, speedy performance, rich sound, and upgradability to Power Macs down the line."[12]

The LC variant was succeeded by the Macintosh LC 580 on the lower end or the PowerPC-based Power Macintosh 5200 LC models at the higher end. The Performa variants were sold until the 580 was discontinued.

This model is a favorite motherboard donor for those wishing to upgrade the Color Classic to a faster class of processor. Apple also offered an upgrade path in the form of a PowerPC Macintosh Processor Upgrade.[7]

Models

Introduced February 1, 1994:

Introduced November 3, 1994:

Hardware

LC 580

Macintosh LC 580 / Performa 580CD / Performa 588CD
A Macintosh Performa 580CD
Also known as"Dragonkid"
DeveloperApple Computer
Product familyLC, Performa
Release dateApril 3, 1995 (1995-04-03)
Introductory priceUS$1,300 (equivalent to $2,497 in 2022)
DiscontinuedMay 1, 1996 (1996-05-01)
Operating systemSystem 7.1.2P - 7.5.1, 7.5.3 to Mac OS 8.1
With PowerPC upgrade, Mac OS 9.1
CPUMotorola 68LC040 @ 33 MHz
Memory8 MB, expandable to 68 MB (80 ns 72-pin SIMM)
Display14 inches (36 cm)
DimensionsHeight: 17.9 inches (45 cm)
Width: 13.5 inches (34 cm)
Depth: 16.5 inches (42 cm)
Mass40.5 pounds (18.4 kg)
PredecessorMacintosh LC 575
SuccessorPower Macintosh 5200 LC

The Macintosh LC 580 was sold from April 1995 to May 1996. Like the LC 575, it is built around a Motorola 68LC040 processor, running at 33 MHz. However, instead of using the same sized, SCSI-only, logic boards based on the LC 475/Quadra 605 like the LC 575, the 580 uses the larger logic board of the Performa 630. This meant a few changes, most of them leading to lower prices, but also lower performance: Most notably, the hard drives of the 580 were IDE drives instead of SCSI drives. Also, the video RAM was no longer mounted on a SIMM, but used 1 MB of the 4 MB of main RAM soldered to the motherboard. Lastly, the Trinitron display of the 575 was replaced with a cheaper shadow mask screen, causing a slight change in the plastic case surrounding the CRT. One benefit of this change was the ability to accommodate the same video capture and TV tuner cards designed for the Performa 630. This allowed LC 580 users to watch and record video, essentially performing the function of a television as well as a computer.

The LC 580 and LC 630 DOS Compatible, which were introduced at the same time,[19] were last the Macintosh desktop systems to be built around a Motorola 68000-series processor. Its replacement, the Power Macintosh 5200 LC, features a PowerPC processor. Apple also offered an upgrade path for the 580 in the form of a PowerPC Macintosh Processor Upgrade.[7] The 580 can also be upgraded with the following logic boards: 5200 LC, 6200, 5260, 5300, 6300, 5400, 6400, 5500 and 6500.

The LC 580's Performa variants were only available outside of the United States.

Models

Introduced April 3, 1995:

Introduced April 13, 1995:

Introduced May 1, 1995:

Hardware

Central processing unit: Motorola 68LC040 at 33 MHz; 8 KB of L1 cache

Memory: 8 MB, expandable to 52 MB with two 72-pin SIMMs. 1 MB of the 4 MB RAM soldered on the mainboard is used as video RAM.

Storage: Hard drive is 250 MB or 500 MB IDE; floppy drive is a 1.44 MB SuperDrive (can read 400 KB and 800 KB diskettes as well); CD-ROM is a 4x AppleCD unit.

Expansion: 1 LC PDS, 1 comm slot

Display: 14″ color CRT (supports up to 65,536 colors)

Technical specifications

All of these models are obsolete.[a][23]

Model Family LC 520 LC 550 LC 575 LC 580
Model Macintosh LC 520[24] Macintosh Performa 520[25] Macintosh Performa 550 Macintosh Performa 560 Macintosh LC 550 Macintosh Performa 575 Macintosh Performa 577 Macintosh Performa 578 Macintosh LC 575 Macintosh LC 580 Macintosh Performa 588CD Macintosh Performa 580CD
Timetable Released June 28, 1993 October 18, 1993 January 15, 1994 February 2, 1994 February 1, 1994 November 3, 1994 April 3, 1995 April 13, 1995 May 1, 1995
Discontinued February 2, 1994 April 1, 1996 March 23, 1995 April 1, 1996 April 3, 1995 August 1, 1995 May 1, 1996 February 1, 1996
Model Model number M1640 M3872
Order number M1778 (5/80)
M1626 (8/80)
M1627 (8/160)
M2147 M3327 [data missing] M3119 M3201 M3202 M2618/B (4/160), M2461/B (5/160), M1797/B (8/160) [data missing] M4059J M3872
Performance Processor 68030 with optional 68882 Floating-point unit 68LC040
Clock speed and bus 25 MHz 33 MHz
Cache 0.5 kB L1 8 kB L1
Memory 5 MB 8 MB 5 MB or 8 MB 8 MB 5 MB or 8 MB
72-pin 80 ns SIMM
Expandable to 36 MB Expandable to 52 MB
Graphics 512 kB VRAM SIMM 1 MB VRAM SIMM
Expandable to 768 kB Expandable to 1 MB Not expandable
Storage Floppy drive Floppy drive
Hard drive 80 MB, 160 MB SCSI 160 MB SCSI 80 MB or 160 MB SCSI 250 MB SCSI 320 MB SCSI 160 MB or 320 MB SCSI 500 MB IDE 250 MB or 500 MB IDE
Optical drive 2x CD-ROM
Connectivity 1 LC PDS slot 1 LC PDS slot
14.4k modem
1 LC PDS slot
14.4k modem
Comm slot
1 LC PDS slot
Comm slot
Video I/O slot
Video 14" Sony Trinitron RGB (supports resolutions up to 640x480) 14" generic CRT RGB (supports resolutions up to 640x480)
Dimensions Weight 40.5 pounds (18.4 kg)
Volume 17.9 inches (45 cm) × 13.5 inches (34 cm) × 16.5 inches (42 cm)
Operating system Minimum System 7.1 System 7.5
Latest release System 7.6.1 Mac OS 8.1

Timeline

Timeline of Macintosh Centris, LC, Performa, and Quadra models, colored by CPU type
Macintosh Performa 6214Macintosh Performa 6210Macintosh Performa 6205Macintosh Performa 6230Macintosh Performa 6220Macintosh Quadra 840AVMacintosh Quadra 650Macintosh Quadra 610Macintosh Quadra 605Macintosh Quadra 660AVMacintosh Quadra 800Macintosh Centris 650Macintosh Centris 610Macintosh Quadra 950Macintosh Quadra 630Macintosh Quadra 900Macintosh Quadra 700Macintosh Performa 6420Macintosh Performa 6410Macintosh Performa 5440Macintosh Performa 5430Macintosh Performa 5280Macintosh Performa 6360Macintosh Performa 5260Macintosh Performa 6400Macintosh Performa 6400Macintosh Performa 5400Macintosh Performa 5400Macintosh Performa 6260Macintosh Performa 5400Macintosh Performa 5420Macintosh Performa 5410Macintosh Performa 5270Macintosh Performa 5260Macintosh Performa 6320Macintosh Performa 6310Macintosh Performa 6300Macintosh Performa 6290Macintosh Performa 5320Macintosh Performa 5300Macintosh Performa 6218Macintosh Performa 6216Macintosh Performa 6200Macintosh Performa 6116Macintosh Performa 5220Macintosh Performa 5215Macintosh Performa 5210Macintosh Performa 5200Macintosh Performa 640CDMacintosh Performa 580CDMacintosh Performa 588CDMacintosh Performa 638Macintosh Performa 637Macintosh Performa 636Macintosh Performa 635Macintosh Performa 631Macintosh Performa 630Macintosh Performa 578Macintosh Performa 577Macintosh Performa 575Macintosh Performa 476Macintosh Performa 475Macintosh Performa 560Macintosh Performa 550Macintosh Performa 275Macintosh Performa 6118Macintosh Performa 6117Macintosh Performa 6115Macintosh Performa 6112Macintosh Performa 6110Macintosh Performa 467Macintosh Performa 466Macintosh Performa 460Macintosh Performa 410Macintosh Performa 520Macintosh Performa 450Macintosh Performa 430Macintosh Performa 405Macintosh Performa 250Macintosh Performa 600Macintosh Performa 400Macintosh Performa 200Power Macintosh 5300 LCMacintosh LC 575Macintosh TVMacintosh LC IIIMacintosh LC 550Macintosh LC 580Macintosh LC 520Macintosh LC 630Macintosh LC 475Power Macintosh 5200 LCMacintosh LC IIIMacintosh LC IIMacintosh LC

Notes

  1. ^ Apple products that were discontinued 7 years ago and no longer receive hardware support nor spare parts

References

  1. ^ Kunkel, Paul. AppleDesign: The work of the Apple Industrial Design Group, with photographs by Rick English. New York: Graphis, 1997, p.243
  2. ^ "Mac LC 520 (Performa 520) | Low End Mac". Archived from the original on September 12, 2022. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  3. ^ Lewis, Peter (August 17, 1993). "Apple Offers Teachers An Extra-Value Deal". New York Times. Archived from the original on January 18, 2018. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
  4. ^ a b Hess, Robert (June 28, 1993). "Release of LC 520 for education heralds shift in Apple strategy". MacWEEK. Vol. 7, no. 26. p. 4.
  5. ^ "Macintosh LC 520: Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  6. ^ "Macintosh Performa 520: Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2022.
  7. ^ a b c "Macintosh Family: Upgrade History". Apple. Archived from the original on September 5, 2002.
  8. ^ a b "Money And Apple Team Up To Offer Multimedia Personal-Finance Computer System" (Press Release). January 17, 1994. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017.
  9. ^ "Macintosh Performa 550: Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  10. ^ "Macintosh Performa 560: Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  11. ^ "Macintosh LC 550: Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on July 29, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  12. ^ a b Pogue, David; Schorr, Joseph (1999). "Chapter 12: From 128K to Quadra: Mac to Mac". MacWorld Mac Secrets, 5th Edition. IDG Books. pp. 475-476. ISBN 0-7645-4040-8.
  13. ^ "MacBulletin - LC 575 reborn as Performa". Macworld (news). Vol. 11, no. 6. June 1994. p. 34.
  14. ^ "Macintosh Performa 575: Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on August 29, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  15. ^ "Macintosh Performa 577: Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on August 29, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  16. ^ "Macintosh Performa 578 - Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on August 29, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  17. ^ "Macintosh LC 575: Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on August 29, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  18. ^ Crotty, Cameron (April 1994). Moran, Tom (ed.). "Apple Ships First All-In-One 040 LC". Macworld. Vol. 11, no. 4. pp. 36–37.
  19. ^ Moran, Tom (June 1995). "Apple Expands 040 line - Adds DOS to the 630, updates the 575". Macworld. Vol. 12, no. 6. p. 37.
  20. ^ "Macintosh LC 580: Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on September 15, 2022. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  21. ^ "Macintosh Performa 588CD: Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on October 5, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  22. ^ "Macintosh Performa 580CD: Technical Specifications". Apple. Archived from the original on August 29, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2017.
  23. ^ "Obtaining service for your Apple product after an expired warranty". support.apple.com. March 20, 2023. Retrieved March 23, 2023.
  24. ^ Technical specifications of Macintosh LC 520: Technical Specifications from Apple's knowledge base and from EveryMac.com. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  25. ^ Technical specifications of Macintosh Performa 520: Technical Specifications from Apple's knowledge base and from EveryMac.com. Retrieved August 27, 2022.