.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (January 2022) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the French article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 5,955 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at [[:fr:Marcel Boiteux]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|fr|Marcel Boiteux)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

Marcel Boiteux
Born(1922-05-09)9 May 1922
Died6 September 2023(2023-09-06) (aged 101)
  • economist
  • mathematician
  • senior civil service

Marcel Boiteux (9 May 1922 – 6 September 2023) was a French economist, mathematician, and senior civil service member. He was the "architect of the French nuclear program" that created 61 nuclear reactors and kept the French electricity sector less carbon-intensive than other European countries (save Iceland).[1]

Boiteux joined Électricité de France (EDF) in 1949 as a student of Maurice Allais and remained there for the rest of his career. In 1959, Marcel Boiteux became the President of the Econometric Society. From 1967 through 1987, he was the director of EDF. He theorized and implemented the price of electricity at marginal cost, and was one of the architects of France's nuclear industry development.

His journey illuminates a social environment (that of scientists and senior civil services), a research process (marginal cost), a large company and its strategy, public sector career and power mechanisms, State-public-company relations, and decision-making processes on important issues such as nuclear policy.[2]

Early life

Marcel Boiteux was born in Niort on 9 May 1922. He graduated from the Ecole Normale in 1942 and received his mathematics aggregation in 1946. In 1947, he also graduated, in the economics section, from the Institute of Political Studies in Paris.[3]


His professional career began in 1946 when he entered the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), under the responsibility of Maurice Allais and having Gérard Debreu as a colleague.

Boiteux joined EDF on 1 April 1949 as an engineer in the sales department on Allais' recommendation.

Boiteux turned 100 on 9 May 2022,[4] and died on 6 September 2023, at the age of 101.[5]


On 14 December 1992, he was elected to the chair left vacant by Émile James' death in the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences.[3]



  1. ^ "Décès de Marcel Boiteux". elysee.fr (in French). 8 September 2023. Retrieved 10 September 2023.
  2. ^ Boiteux, Marcel (1 October 1993). Haute Tension (in French). Odile Jacob. ISBN 978-2-7381-7368-3.
  3. ^ a b "Marcel Boiteux". Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques (in French). 13 July 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2022.
  4. ^ "Tribune: Marcel Boiteux a 100 ans" (in French). transitionsenergies.com. 13 May 2022. Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  5. ^ "Décès de l'ancien président d'EDF Marcel Boiteux à 101 ans". Boursorama. 7 September 2023. Retrieved 8 September 2023.