Dame Maria Miller
Official portrait of Rt Hon Maria Miller MP crop 2.jpg
Official portrait, 2020
Chairwoman of the Women & Equalities Select Committee
In office
18 June 2015 – 29 January 2020
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byCaroline Nokes
Secretary of State for Culture,
Media and Sport
In office
4 September 2012 – 9 April 2014
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byJeremy Hunt
Succeeded bySajid Javid
Minister for Women and Equalities
In office
4 September 2012 – 9 April 2014
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byTheresa May
Succeeded byNicky Morgan
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Disabled People
In office
12 May 2010 – 4 September 2012
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
Preceded byJonathan Shaw
Succeeded byEsther McVey
Member of Parliament
for Basingstoke
Assumed office
5 May 2005
Preceded byAndrew Hunter
Majority14,198 (25.9%)
Personal details
Born
Maria Frances Lewis

(1964-03-26) 26 March 1964 (age 58)
Wolverhampton, England
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)
Iain Miller
(m. 1990)
Children3
Alma materLondon School of Economics
Websitemariamiller.co.uk

Dame Maria Frances Lewis Miller[1] DBE (born 26 March 1964) is a British Conservative Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Basingstoke since 2005.[2]

In opposition Miller served as the Shadow Minister for Education from 2005 to 2006, Shadow Minister for Family Welfare from 2006 to 2007, Shadow and Shadow Minister for Families from 2007 to 2010.[3]

She served as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State ( Minister for Disabled People) from 2010 to 2012 and served in the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport and Minister for Women and Equalities from 2012 to 2014.[4] She resigned from the Cabinet in April 2014 after reports she had over-claimed expenses.[5]

In June 2015 Miller was elected as Chair of the newly established Women and Equalities Select Committee. She was nominated for the position by MPs across the House in 2017 and was re-elected unopposed. Miller stepped down from the role in 2019.[6]

Early life

The daughter of John Lewis, she was born in Wolverhampton, but was brought up in Bridgend, South Wales.[7] She was educated at the Brynteg Comprehensive School before reading Economics at the London School of Economics from where she graduated in 1985.[1] She joined Grey Advertising Ltd as an advertising executive, leaving in 1990 to become a marketing manager with Texaco. She rejoined Greys in 1994 and served for five years as a director, before becoming a director for the Rowland Group in 1999 for four years.[1]

Parliamentary career

Miller joined the Conservative Party in 1983 and contested Wolverhampton North East at the 2001 general election but was defeated by the sitting Labour MP, Ken Purchase. She retained formal links with the local Conservative Association for some time thereafter; she also chaired the Wimbledon Association for a year from 2002.[1]

Miller was first elected to the House of Commons at the 2005 general election, for the Basingstoke constituency, following the retirement of its former MP, the Conservative Andrew Hunter, who had defected to the Northern Ireland Democratic Unionist Party before he stepped down. In Parliament she served for a year from 2005 as a member of the Trade and Industry Select Committee.

Later in 2005, David Cameron appointed her a spokesperson for the Shadow Education and Skills team. She was appointed Shadow Minister for Families in 2007.[1] Following the 2010 general election she was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State and Minister for Disabled People at the Department for Work and Pensions.

In May 2012 she urged the Prime Minister to continue with proposals to introduce same-sex marriage in England and Wales.[8]

On 4 September 2012, Miller was appointed Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport and Minister for Women and Equality in David Cameron's first major Cabinet reshuffle.[9]

She chaired the Women and Equalities Select Committee from when it was established in June 2015 to January 2020. Miller stepped down from the role in 2019 and Caroline Nokes Conservative MP for Romsey and Southampton North was nominated and elected as the new chair.

Miller was opposed to Brexit prior to the 2016 referendum.[10]

In March 2020 she became a member of both the Administration Committee and the Panel of Chairs, and in November 2020 joined the Joint Committee on the Fixed-Term Parliaments Act.[11]

Miller was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2022 Birthday Honours for parliamentary and public service.[12]

Same-sex marriage

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Maria Miller in her role as the Minister for Women and Equalities, Secretary of State announced on 11 December 2012 that the government would bring forward same-sex marriage legislation for England and Wales in early 2013.

The government's equal civil marriage consultation was launched on 15 March 2012. It ran for 13 weeks and closed on 14 June 2012. It received more than 228,000 individual responses, the largest ever response to a government consultation, the majority of which were in favour of the Government's proposal to allow same-sex couples to get married. Additionally there were petitions for and against equal marriage, the largest of which was from the Coalition for Marriage, against the proposals.

In response to the consultation results, the proposals were extended to allow religious organisations to opt into performing same-sex marriages if they wish, and a 'quadruple-lock' of additional measures to put the protection of religious freedoms "utterly beyond doubt".

Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill was introduced to the Commons by Maria Miller on 24 January 2013 followed by second reading on 5 February.

On 5 February 2013, the bill passed its second reading in the House of Commons by 400 votes to 175.

The bill was examined in 13 sittings by the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill Committee, a public bill committee established to scrutinise the bill line by line. The bill completed its committee stage on 12 March 2013 and had its report stage in the House of Commons on 20–21 May 2013. The third reading took place on 21 May, and was approved by 366 votes to 161, with the bill receiving its first reading in the House of Lords the same evening.

The bill had its second reading unopposed in the Lords on 4 June, after a "wrecking amendment" proposed by Lord Dear was defeated by a vote of 390–148, thus allowing the bill to proceed to the committee stage. The bill passed its third reading in the House of Lords on 15 July 2013, and the Commons accepted all of the Lords' amendments on the following day, with royal assent by Queen Elizabeth II granted on 17 July 2013.

On 10 December 2013, Miller announced that same-sex marriage ceremonies would begin on 29 March 2014 in England and Wales.

Revenge pornography

Miller ran a six month campaign in 2014 for a change in the law when she was contacted by one of her Basingstoke constituents who had been affected by 'revenge porn' being posted online.[13][non-primary source needed]

Miller campaigned to change the law and make posting online revenge pornography a crime. The existing law predated the digital age and did not adequately protect individuals from this type of online abuse.[14]

The Criminal Justice and Courts Act received Royal Assent on 16 February 2015, making revenge pornography illegal, punishable by up to two years in prison.[15]

Expenses claims

Miller speaking in 2012
Miller speaking in 2012

In December 2012, The Daily Telegraph reported that, between 2005 and 2009, Miller had claimed over £90,000 in parliamentary expenses for the mortgage and upkeep of a house in south London where her parents lived.[16] She was subsequently reported to Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards John Lyon by MP John Mann,[17] and an inquiry was launched into the claims.[18][19] Lyon's term as commissioner finished at the end of the December,[20] thus it would essentially be his successor, Kathryn Hudson, who undertook the investigation.

Miller responded to the reports by stating that her "financial arrangements" had been audited on two occasions since she became an MP and no issues had been found with them,[16][21] and that her parents lived with her as "dependents" under Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority rules.[22] Prime Minister David Cameron was satisfied with her explanation.[18]

Shortly after the Telegraph broke the story on Miller's expenses, it emerged that both Cameron's spokesman, Craig Oliver, and Miller's special advisor, Joanna Hindley, had phoned the newspaper prior to publication in an attempt to warn it off. According to the paper, the pair issued a veiled threat by reminding it of Miller's role in enacting proposals in the Leveson report on press regulation.[23] Downing Street denied that any threats were made.[24] The newspaper later released the recording they had made of Hindley's call.[25]

Hudson's investigation lasted more than a year, and was handed in to the Commons Select Committee on Standards in February 2014.[26] In it, the standards commissioner had concluded Miller had been in the wrong, and recommended she pay back £45,000.[27][28] On 3 April 2014, however, the Standards Committee concluded "recommended that Mrs Miller repay the £5,800 which she has identified as an overclaim. She should also apologise by personal statement on the floor of the House for her attitude to the Commissioner's inquiries"[29] She made her Commons statement the same day.[30]

The row did not die down for Miller, and her case was referred to the police by MP Thomas Docherty;[31] Cameron expressed his wish for the press to leave the matter alone.[32] On 4 April it was reported that Miller had even attempted to intervene in the investigation into her, telling Kathryn Hudson "that she was acting outside the law and threatening to refer her to a Commons committee".[33] Alistair Graham described Miller's intervention and threats as "fairly exceptional", "pretty shocking".[34]

The continuing saga and the perfunctory nature of her apology led to Miller haemorrhaging support from her own party.[35] On 6 April, Labour's John Mann said, "It is quite astonishing that Maria Miller remains in the Cabinet".[36] Many within her own party, including senior figures, also publicly criticised her.[37][38][39][40][41][42] The Sunday Telegraph found no grassroots Tory support for Miller either,[43] something forcefully underlined by Ben Harris-Quinney, director of Conservative Grassroots.[44] According to The Guardian, some Conservative Party criticism was revenge by the less socially-liberal elements within it for her helping drive through the legalisation of gay marriage.[45] Some senior figures were less hostile,[46][47] and Miller also found support among the more liberal "One Nation" grouping of Tory MPs, of which she is a member.[48]

Documents later emerged suggesting Miller had stopped claiming expenses on her second home in Wimbledon to avoid paying capital gains tax in the event of its sale. When she did sell it, in February 2014, it was at a profit of £1 million; capital gains tax at the time was 28%. Miller refused to confirm that she would pay capital gains tax on the sale.[49]

On 8 April 2014, in her weekly column for her local newspaper, Miller declared to her constituents that she was "devastated" to have let them down.[50]

On 9 April 2014, Miller resigned from the cabinet.[51] David Cameron, expressed "sadness" over her stepping down, and said he hoped she would be able to return to the front bench "in due course".[52] The prime minister's decisive support appeared to have remained steadfast throughout,[44][53] something for which he was criticised.[54]

Sexual harassment

Miller disclosed her experience in being harassed many times. An article published in The Guardian in 2017 mentioned Miller as saying that harassment happens frequently in industries and companies dominated by males.[55]

She supports a campaign to expose incidents of sexual harassment on women which gained the support of other MPs like Labour Party MP Jess Phillips and Conservative MP George Freeman. Miller also encouraged teachers to become more stringent on harassment that takes place in schools instead of treating such behaviour as something marginal. According to the former Culture Secretary, head teachers must review existing school policies and treat sexual exploitation as a crime.[56]

Personal life

Maria Miller is married with 3 children.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e 'MILLER, Rt Hon. Maria (Frances Lewis)', Who's Who 2013, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2013; online edn, Oxford University Press, December 2012; online edn, November 2012 accessed 13 December 2012
  2. ^ "WESC".
  3. ^ "gov.uk".
  4. ^ Maria Miller MP to head Culture, Media and Sport department in UK Government Archived 29 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Basingstoke Gazette, 4 September 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  5. ^ "Maria Miller quits as culture secretary after expenses row". BBC News. 9 April 2014. Archived from the original on 27 November 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  6. ^ "W&ESC".
  7. ^ Maria Miller Archived 6 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine, The Conservative Party - profile. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  8. ^ Britain shifts equalities role and makes gay man schools minister Archived 6 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Gay Star News, 4 September 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  9. ^ Maria Miller becomes culture secretary Archived 3 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine, The Guardian, 4 September 2012, Retrieved 11 December 2012.
  10. ^ Goodenough, Tom (16 February 2016). "Which Tory MPs back Brexit, who doesn't and who is still on the fence?". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 22 October 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
  11. ^ "Parliamentary career for Mrs Maria Miller". UK Parliament. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  12. ^ "No. 63714". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 June 2022. p. B9.
  13. ^ https://hansard.parliament.uk/commons/2014-06-19/debates/14061947000003/RevengePornography[bare URL]
  14. ^ "Maria Miller welcomes new 'revenge porn' law".
  15. ^ https://bills.parliament.uk/bills/1343/stages[bare URL]
  16. ^ a b Watt, Holly; Newell, Claire (10 December 2012). "MPs' expenses: Culture Secretary Maria Miller's £90,000 claims for parents' home". telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  17. ^ Watt, Holly; Newell, Claire (11 December 2012). "MPs' expenses: Maria Miller reported to MP watchdog over £90,000 expenses claims". telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 8 December 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  18. ^ a b Watt, Nicholas (14 December 2012). "Maria Miller faces parliamentary investigation into her expenses". theguardian.com. Archived from the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  19. ^ Maria Miller expenses inquiry launched Archived 13 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine, BBC news website, 13 December 2012. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  20. ^ "Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards". Hansard. 12 September 2012. Archived from the original on 25 March 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  21. ^ Interview - PM, BBC radio 4, 11 December 2012. Sky News. Retrieved 11 December 2012.
  22. ^ "Maria Miller Under Fire For Expense Claims" Archived 16 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine. 11 December 2012. Sky news,. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  23. ^ Watt, Nicholas (12 December 2012). "Downing Street and Daily Telegraph at war over Maria Miller allegations". theguardian.com. Archived from the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  24. ^ "No 10 denies 'threats' made over Daily Telegraph probe". BBC News. BBC. 12 December 2012. Archived from the original on 13 December 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
  25. ^ "Maria Miller expenses report: Listen to Telegraph reporter's phone call with special adviser Joanna Hindley" Archived 26 January 2018 at the Wayback Machine. 4 April 2014. telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  26. ^ Swinford, Steven; Watt, Holly; Newell, Claire (16 February 2014). "MPs' expenses: Maria Miller criticised for £90,000 claim by parliamentary watchdog". telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 3 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  27. ^ Elliott, Francis; Savage, Michael (4 April 2014). "Fury grows as expenses minister Maria Miller clings to job". The Times. Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  28. ^ Dominiczak, Peter; et al. (3 April 2014). "Maria Miller expenses report: MPs conspired to save Culture Secretary". telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  29. ^ "Maria Miller ordered to repay £5,800 and apologise to MPs". BBC News. BBC. 3 April 2014. Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  30. ^ Sparrow, Andrew (3 April 2014). "Maria Miller apologises to MPs over her response to expenses inquiry: Politics live blog". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 3 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  31. ^ Evans, Martin (4 April 2014). "Met asked to investigate Maria Miller - letter in full". telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  32. ^ Watt, Nicholas; Syal, Rajeev (4 April 2014). "Maria Miller's expenses claims referred to police by Labour MP". theguardian.com. Archived from the original on 5 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  33. ^ Watt, Nicholas; Syal, Rajeev (4 April 2014). "Maria Miller threatened watchdog in attempt to limit investigation". theguardian.com. Archived from the original on 5 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  34. ^ Dominiczak, Peter; et al. (5 April 2014). "Maria Miller's behaviour is shocking, claims former chairman of Standards Committee". telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 6 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  35. ^ Helm, Toby (5 April 2014). "Maria Miller's support ebbs away over lack of contrition". theguardian.com. Archived from the original on 6 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  36. ^ "Maria Miller row: Cameron faces questions, Labour says" Archived 3 July 2018 at the Wayback Machine. 5 April 2014. BBC News. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  37. ^ Mendick, Robert; et al. (5 April 2014). "Maria Miller must go over expenses claims, says senior minister". telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 6 April 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
  38. ^ Tebbit, Norman (6 April 2014). "The arrogant and greedy Maria Miller should do the decent thing and resign". telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
  39. ^ Kirkup, James; Hope, Christopher; Holehouse, Matthew (7 April 2014). "Tory MPs call for Miller to be sacked". telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
  40. ^ Dominiczak, Peter; Graham, Georgia (8 April 2014). "Maria Miller: 'I'm surprised she hasn't resigned', says senior Tory MP". telegraph.co.uk. Archived from the original on 9 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  41. ^ "Esther McVey appears to question Maria Miller apology" Archived 6 December 2018 at the Wayback Machine 8 April 2014. telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  42. ^ Mason, Rowena (8 April 2014). "Maria Miller row: Tories step up pressure on culture secretary". theguardian.com. Archived from the original on 9 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  43. ^ Barrett, David; Lazarus, Ben (5 April 2014). "Maria Miller should resign, say grassroots Conservatives". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 6 April 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
  44. ^ a b Watt, Nicholas (6 April 2014). "David Cameron at odds with top Tories as pressure grows on Maria Miller". theguardian.com. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
  45. ^ Watt, Nicholas (6 April 2014). "Maria Miller faces resentment over Leveson and same-sex marriages". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  46. ^ Watt, Nicholas (6 April 2014). "Iain Duncan Smith: Maria Miller row at risk of becoming witch-hunt". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
  47. ^ Payne, Samantha (9 April 2014). "Michael Gove: Resignation 'Entirely Maria Miller's Decision'". International Business Times UK. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  48. ^ Parker, George; Rigby, Elizabeth (9 April 2014). "Maria Miller expenses row nears climax". ft.com. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  49. ^ Watt, Holly; Dominiczak, Peter (6 April 2014). "Maria Miller faces questions over tax on home sale". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  50. ^ Bave, Jessica (8 April 2014). "Basingstoke MP Maria Miller 'devastated' over expenses saga". basingstokegazette.co.uk. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
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  52. ^ Aglionby, John (9 April 2014). "Maria Miller resigns as culture secretary". ft.com. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  53. ^ "Maria Miller expenses row: David Cameron reiterates his support". The Guardian. 7 April 2014. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
  54. ^ "Misplaced loyalties and Maria Miller". ft.com. 9 April 2014. Archived from the original on 11 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  55. ^ Mason, Rowena (12 October 2017). "Tory MP Maria Miller: 'Of course I've experienced sexual harassment'". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  56. ^ "Tory MP Maria Miller reveals she has been sexually harassed 'numerous' times". The Independent. 13 October 2017. Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byAndrew Hunter Member of Parliamentfor Basingstoke 2005–present Incumbent Political offices Preceded byJonathan Shaw Undersecretary of State for Disabled People 2010–2012 Succeeded byEsther McVey Preceded byTheresa May Minister for Women and Equalities 2012–2014 Succeeded byNicky Morganas Minister for Women Succeeded bySajid Javidas Secretary of State for Culture, Media, Sport and Equalities Preceded byJeremy Hunt Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport 2012–2014