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Marshal of Italy
Maresciallo d'Italia (Italian)
Army rank flag
Marshal of Italy sleeve rank insignia (1933–45)
Country Kingdom of Italy
Service branch Royal Italian Army
 Regia Aeronautica
Formation4 November 1924
Abolished18 January 1947
Next higher rankFirst Marshal of the Empire
Next lower rankArmy general
Equivalent ranksGrand admiral
Marshal of the Air Force

Marshal of Italy (Italian: Maresciallo d'Italia) was a rank in the Royal Italian Army (Regio Esercito). Originally created in 1924 by Italian dictator Benito Mussolini for the purpose of honoring Generals Luigi Cadorna and Armando Diaz, the rank was granted to several other general officers from 1926 to 1943. The rank was the highest in the Italian Army prior to the creation of the rank of First Marshal of the Empire in 1938. The rank of Marshal of Italy was abolished in 1946 with the creation of the Italian Republic. The equivalent Royal Navy (Regia Marina) rank was Grand Admiral (Grande Ammiraglio), while the equivalent Air Force (Regia Aeronautica) rank was Marshal of the Air Force (Maresciallo dell'Aria).[1]

The rank was formally abolished on 18 January 1947 by the Provisional Head of State Enrico de Nicola.[2]

List of the Marshals of Italy

Portrait Name Date of promotion Defence branch
Luigi Cadorna
Cadorna, LuigiLuigi Cadorna
4 November 1924 Royal Italian Army
Armando Diaz
Diaz, ArmandoArmando Diaz
4 November 1924 Royal Italian Army
Paolo Thaon di Revel
Revel, PaoloPaolo Thaon di Revel
4 November 1924 Royal Italian Navy
HRH The Duke of Aosta
AostaHRH The Duke of Aosta
25 June 1926 Royal Italian Army
Pietro Badoglio
Badoglio, PietroPietro Badoglio
25 June 1926 Royal Italian Army
Enrico Caviglia
Caviglia, EnricoEnrico Caviglia
25 June 1926 Royal Italian Army
Gaetano Giardino
Giardino, GaetanoGaetano Giardino
25 June 1926 Royal Italian Army
Guglielmo Pecori Giraldi
Giraldi, GuglielmoGuglielmo Pecori Giraldi
25 June 1926 Royal Italian Army
Italo Balbo
Balbo, ItaloItalo Balbo
13 August 1933 Royal Italian Air Force
Emilio De Bono
Bono, EmilioEmilio De Bono
16 November 1935 Royal Italian Army
Rodolfo Graziani
Graziani, RodolfoRodolfo Graziani
9 May 1936 Royal Italian Army
 National Republican Army
Ugo Cavallero
Cavallero, UgoUgo Cavallero
1 July 1942 Royal Italian Army
Ettore Bastico
Bastico, EttoreEttore Bastico
12 August 1942 Royal Italian Army
HRH The Prince of Piedmont
PiedmontHRH The Prince of Piedmont
29 October 1942 Royal Italian Army
Giovanni Messe
Messe, GiovanniGiovanni Messe
12 May 1943 Royal Italian Army


See also


  1. ^ Page Archived 2007-12-23 at the Wayback Machine of the Italian Army (Esercito Italiano) home site -
  2. ^ "DECRETO LEGISLATIVO DEL CAPO PROVVISORIO DELLO STATO 18 gennaio 1947, n. 66 - Normattiva". Retrieved 2022-04-09.
  3. ^ "Le Insegne di grado dal 1945 al 1972". (in Italian). Italian Army. Archived from the original on 4 July 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2022.