Martin Roger Seymour-Smith (24 April 1928 – 1 July 1998) was a British poet, literary critic, and biographer.


Seymour-Smith was born in London and educated at Highgate School and St Edmund Hall, Oxford, where he was editor of Isis and Oxford Poetry.[1][2] His father Frank was a chief librarian who supplied books to Robert Graves, and who published the survey An English Library, an Annotated List of 1300 Classics in 1943,[3] followed by What Shall I Read Next: a Personal Selection of Twentieth Century English Books in 1953.[4] His mother Marjorie wrote poetry and published under the name of Elena Fearn.[5]

He began as one of the most promising of Anglophone post-war poets, but became better known as a critic, writing biographies of Robert Graves (whom he met first at age 14 and maintained close ties with), Rudyard Kipling and Thomas Hardy, and producing numerous critical studies. The poet and critic Robert Nye stated that Seymour-Smith was "one of the finest British poets after 1945."[6] Others to praise his poetry included Robert Graves, C. H. Sisson, Geoffrey Grigson and James Reeves.

He married in 1952 while spending a working holiday in Mallorca where Robert Graves employed Janet de Granville as a translator and he was a tutor to Graves' son. Graves was a witness at the wedding.[7]

Seymour-Smith came to prominence in 1963, as the editor of the first twentieth-century edition of Shakespeare's Sonnets to use the 'original' spelling. Characteristically, his commentary concerned Shakespeare's sexuality, which upset many. Later, his Fallen Women (1969) and Sex and Society (1975) would become 'standard plundering material for more famous works' as the author good-humouredly claimed. He had known Alex Comfort, who was then writing The Joy of Sex (1972), from their schooldays at Highgate School and the two often swapped notes.

Seymour-Smith's Poets Through their Letters Vol 1 (Wyatt to Coleridge) was acclaimed for its scholarship, but sold poorly. Hence, Volume 2 was never published.

His two volumes of poetry Tea with Miss Stockport (1963) and Reminiscences of Norma (1971), were praised by many, including Peter Porter. But an apparent creative silence till his last collection, Wilderness (1994), led to a decline in his reputation with the reading public during the 1980s.

The Guide to Modern World Literature is an encyclopaedic attempt to describe all major 20th-century authors, in all languages. The book is over 1450 pages long. Cyril Connolly said of the first (1973) edition: "I'm very much afraid he will prove indispensable!" His criticism of Lawrence Durrell singled out his poetry as his real achievement; John Fowles, Muriel Spark, C. P. Snow, Malcolm Bradbury and Ted Hughes received the first adverse criticism of their reputations in this book. The stature of Anthony Powell's A Dance to the Music of Time (1951–1976) as the greatest fictional post-war achievement was asserted: a view endorsed by Kingsley Amis and Hilary Spurling. He also predicted that T. S. Eliot's Four Quartets would not survive as a great poem by 2000.

The polyglot Seymour-Smith further used the book to champion writers he regarded as under-rated, such as James Hanley, Laura Riding, Wyndham Lewis, Roberto Arlt, Pio Baroja, Rayner Heppenstall and Jose Maria Arguedas, while attacking those he felt were overvalued, such as George Bernard Shaw, W. H. Auden and as mentioned above, T. S. Eliot. Seymour-Smith also disparaged Harold Pinter, Margaret Atwood,[8] and Tom Stoppard, whom he thought over-rated.

In 1981, The New Astrologer was published, Seymour-Smith's only book on this subject.[9]

Anthony Burgess likened Seymour-Smith to Samuel Johnson due to his many literary surveys from The Guide to Modern World Literature in 1975 onwards.[6]

When the 2013 new edition of the Oxford Companion of Modern Poetry was published, he was notably not included.[10]

Private life

He married Janet de Glanville who was a translator and his and Robert Graves' collaborator. When he was asked how he managed to read so much he admitted that he hadn't. Janet had. They were rarely apart and she died two months after he did.[7]

Selected publications


  1. ^ Mark Wormald "Seymour-Smith, Martin" in Ian Hamilton (ed) The Oxford Companion to Twentieth Century Poetry, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994, p.487
  2. ^ Woodcock, George (1 April 1983). Twentieth Century Fiction. Springer. ISBN 978-1-349-17066-1.
  3. ^ Frank Seymour-Smith. An English Library (1943),
  4. ^ What Shall I Read Next (1953), Google Books
  5. ^ "PN Review Print and Online Poetry Magazine – Martin Seymour-Smith: The Article the DNB Will Not Print – Robert Nye – PN Review 144". Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  6. ^ a b Nye, Robert. Obituary: Martin Seymour-Smith, The Independent (1998)
  7. ^ a b Matthew, H. C. G.; Harrison, B., eds. (23 September 2004), "The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/70189, retrieved 15 August 2023
  8. ^ "Poisoned Pens". Dovegreyreader scribbles. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
  9. ^ Jenner, Simon. Martin Seymour-Smith. Obituary. "In 1981, he had been a student of astrology for more than twenty-five years when he published his only astrology book, The New Astrologer." "Martin Seymour-Smith". Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2015. (retrieved 17 August 2011)
  10. ^ Newey, Adam (2 August 2013). "The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry edited by Ian Hamilton and Jeremy Noel-Tod – review". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 15 August 2023.