Membranous urethra
The male urethra laid open on its anterior (upper) surface. (Membranous part labeled at upper right.)
Dissection of the prostate showing the prostatic and membranous portions of the urethra (unlabeled)
Details
Identifiers
Latinpars intermedia urethrae masculinae,
pars membranacea urethrae masculinae
FMA19674
Anatomical terminology

The membranous urethra or intermediate part of male urethra is the shortest, least dilatable, and, with the exception of the urinary meatus, the narrowest part of the urethra.[citation needed] It extends from the apex of the prostate proximally to the bulb of urethra distally. It measures some 12 mm in length. It traverses the pelvic floor. It is surrounded by the external urethral sphincter, which is in turn envelopped by the superior fascia of the urogenital diaphragm.[1]

Anatomy

The mucosal internal lining of the membranous urethra features some longitudinal folds which disappear when the urethra becomes distended.[1]

Relations

It extends downward and forward, with a slight anterior concavity, between the apex of the prostate and the bulb of the urethra, perforating the urogenital diaphragm about 2.5 cm below and behind the pubic symphysis.[citation needed]

The hinder part of the urethral bulb lies in apposition with the inferior fascia of the urogenital diaphragm, but its upper portion diverges somewhat from this fascia: the anterior wall of the membranous urethra is thus prolonged for a short distance in front of the urogenital diaphragm; it measures about 2 cm in length, while the posterior wall which is between the two fasciæ of the diaphragm is only 1.25 cm long. The anatomical variation in membranous urethral length measurements in men have been reported to range from 0.5 cm to 3.4 cm.[citation needed]

The membranous portion of the urethra is surrounded by the fibers of the sphincter urethrae membranaceae.[citation needed]

In front of it the deep dorsal vein of the penis enters the pelvis between the transverse ligament of the pelvis and the arcuate pubic ligament; on either side near its termination are the bulbourethral glands.[citation needed]

Additional images

References

  1. ^ a b "partie membraneuse de l'urèthre - Dictionnaire médical de l'Académie de Médecine". www.academie-medecine.fr. Retrieved 2024-05-20.

Public domain This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 1235 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)