9.0 / September 28, 2007
|Operating system||MS-DOS, Microsoft Windows, Classic Mac OS|
|License||Commercial proprietary software|
Microsoft Works was a productivity software suite developed by Microsoft and sold from 1987 to 2009. Its core functionality included a word processor, a spreadsheet and a database management system. Later versions had a calendar application and a dictionary while older releases included a terminal emulator. Works was available as a standalone program, and as part of a namesake home productivity suite. Because of its low cost ($40 retail, or as low as $2 OEM), companies frequently pre-installed Works on their low-cost machines. Works was smaller, less expensive, and had fewer features than Microsoft Office and other major office suites available at the time.
Microsoft Works originated as MouseWorks, an integrated spreadsheet, word processor and database program, designed for the Macintosh by ex-Apple employee Don Williams and Rupert Lissner. Williams was planning to emulate the success of AppleWorks, a similar product for Apple II computers. Bill Gates and his Head of Acquisitions, Alan M. Boyd, convinced Williams to license the product to Microsoft instead. Initially it was to be a scaled-down version of Office for the (then) small laptops such as the Radio Shack TRS-80 Model 100 which Microsoft was developing. As laptops grew in power, Microsoft Works, as it was to be called, evolved as a popular product in its own right.
On September 14, 1987, Microsoft unveiled Works for DOS. The initial version 1.x of Works ran on any PC with at least 256k of memory. Works 2.x, introduced in 1990, required 512k and 3.x, introduced in 1992, required 640k.
In 1991, Microsoft issued the first Windows version of Works, titled MS Works for Windows 2.0. System requirements consisted of Windows 3.0, a 286 CPU, and 1MB of memory. Works 3.x in 1993 moved to requiring Windows 3.1, a 386 CPU, and 4MB of memory. Subsequent releases were for Windows 95 and up and the final version was Works 9.x in 2007, requiring Windows XP or Vista, 256MB of memory, and a Pentium 4 CPU.
Microsoft released Macintosh versions of Works starting with Works 2.0 in 1988. The version numbering roughly followed that of Windows releases.
Through version 4.5a, Works used a monolithic program architecture whereby its word processor, spreadsheet and database documents ran in windows of the same program interface. This resulted in a small memory and disk footprint, which enabled it to run on slower computers with requirements as low as 6 MB of RAM and 12 MB free disk space. It also provided a mini version of Excel for DOS systems as a DOS version of that program was not available. Works 2000 (Version 5.0) switched to a modular architecture which opens each document as a separate instance and uses the print engine from Internet Explorer.
Version 9.0, the final version, was available in two editions: an advertisement-free version, available in retail and for OEMs, and an ad-supported free version (Works SE) which was available only to OEMs for preinstallation on new computers.
In late 2009, Microsoft announced it was discontinuing Works and replacing it with Office 2010 Starter Edition, although it replaced only the word processor and spreadsheet components but not the calendar or the database.
Microsoft Works has built-in compatibility for the Microsoft Office document formats (.DOC and .XLS), including, but not limited to, the ability of the Works Word Processor to open Microsoft Word documents and the ability of the Works Spreadsheet to open Microsoft Excel workbooks. Newer[which?] versions include task panes but do not include significantly updated features. Even in the final version (Version 9.0), the Windows 95-era icons and toolbars were not updated to make them consistent with later application software.
While its utility for larger organizations is limited by its use of incompatible proprietary native .WKS (spreadsheet), .WDB (database), and .WPS (word processor) file formats, the simplicity of integrating database/spreadsheet data into word processor documents (e.g., mail merge) allow it to remain an option for some small and home-based business owners. Version 4.5a is particularly noted in this respect. The database management system, while a "flat file" (i.e., non-relational) allows the novice user to perform complex transformations through formulas (which use standard algebraic syntax and can be self-referential) and user-defined reports which can be copied as text to the clipboard. A 'Works Portfolio' utility offers Microsoft Binder-like functionality.
By installing the 2007 Office System Compatibility Pack, the Works Word Processor and Spreadsheet can import and export Office Open XML document formats, although they are converted rather than being operated upon natively. The Works Calendar can store appointments, integrates with the Windows Address Book, as well as Address Book's successor, Windows Contacts, and can remind users of birthdays and anniversaries. It supports importing and exporting iCalendar (.ICS) files. It does not support subscribing to iCalendar files or publishing them online via WebDAV. Up to version 8, using the Works Task Launcher, the calendar and contacts from Windows Address Book could be synchronized with portable devices. In Works 9.0, the sync capability has been removed.
Microsoft makes file format conversion filters for Microsoft Word for opening and saving to Works Word Processor format. Microsoft Office Excel can import newer Works Spreadsheets because the newer Works Spreadsheet also uses the Excel format but with a different extension (*.xlr). There is an import filter for older Works 2.0 spreadsheet format (*.wks); however it may be disabled in the registry by newer Microsoft Office Service packs. As far as Works Spreadsheet 3.x/4.x/2000 (*.wks) and Works database (any version of *.wdb) files are concerned, Microsoft does not provide an import filter for Excel or Access. There are third party converters available for converting these filetypes to Excel spreadsheets: For database files (*.wdb) there is also a donateware utility; for spreadsheet (*.wks) and database (*.wdb) files a commercial solution is available.
A general C++ library, libwps, can extract text from many different versions of Microsoft Works. LibreOffice, NeoOffice and OxygenOffice have included libwps. libwps also provides a command line converter.
One commercially available solution for converting to and from Microsoft Works files on the Macintosh platform is the MacLinkPlus product from DataViz. Free online conversion services are also available.
Works Spreadsheet and Works Database are unable to handle more than 500 fonts installed in Windows and throw error messages.
In 1997, Microsoft introduced Microsoft Home Essentials, which packaged several of its home productivity titles into a single suite that was sold for a then low price described in a review by the Chicago Tribune as "one of the best bargains ever offered." Home Essentials continued to evolve and, beginning with the 1999 edition, took the namesake of Works, becoming Works Suite. A slimmer version of the suite, dubbed Works Deluxe, was also offered for that year, but discontinued thereafter.
As the programs within Works Suite were developed separately and sold individually, each had a unique look and feel. They were integrated by a task plane, which picked the appropriate program for the user to accomplish each task. In addition to the core programs, each version of Works Suite also included programs such as FoneSync in 2001, and PowerPoint Viewer beginning in 2005. Later editions of Works Suite prompted users to upgrade to more featured versions of the included programs at a discounted rate.
In addition to retail sales, Works Suite was included with the purchase of a new computer by several manufacturers, notably Dell and Gateway. Works Suite was discontinued after the 2006 edition. Works was later bundled with Word as Works Plus 2008, but this was made available only to OEMs.
Comparison of bundled Works home productivity suites:
|Product||Suggested Retail Price||Version||Word||Encarta||Money||Creativity||Gaming||Mapping Tools||Imaging Tools|
|Home Essentials 97||$109||Works 4.0||Word 97||Encarta 97 Encyclopedia||Greetings Workshop 1.0||Microsoft Arcade|
|Home Essentials 98||$109||Works 4.5||Word 97||Encarta 98 Encyclopedia||Money 98||Greetings Workshop 2.0||Entertainment Pack: Puzzle Collection|
|Works Suite 99||$109||Works 4.5||Word 97||Encarta Encyclopedia 99||Money 99 Basic||Graphics Studio Greetings 99||Expedia Streets 98||Picture It! Express 2.0|
|Works Deluxe 99||$84.95||Works 4.5||Money 99 Basic||Graphics Studio Greetings 99||Picture It! Express 2.0|
|Works Suite 2000||$109||Works 5.0||Word 2000||Encarta Standard 2000||Money 2000 Standard||Home Publishing 2000||Expedia Streets & Trips 2000||Picture It! Express 2000|
|Works Suite 2001||$109||Works 6.0||Word 2000||Encarta Standard 2001||Money 2001 Standard||Streets & Trips 2001||Picture It! Publishing 2001|
|Works Suite 2002||$109||Works 6.0||Word 2002||Encarta Standard 2002||Money 2002 Standard||Streets & Trips 2002||Picture It! Photo 2002|
|Works Suite 2003||$109 before $15 rebate||Works 7.0||Word 2002||Encarta Standard 2003||Money 2003 Standard||Streets & Trips 2003||Picture It! Photo 7.0|
|Works Suite 2004||$99.99 before $15 rebate||Works 7.0||Word 2002||Encarta Standard 2004||Money 2004 Standard||Streets & Trips 2004||Picture It! Photo Premium 9|
|Works Suite 2005||$99.99 before $20 rebate||Works 8.0||Word 2002||Encarta Standard 2005||Money 2005 Standard||Streets & Trips 2005||Picture It! Premium 10|
|Works Suite 2006||$99.99 before $20 rebate||Works 8.0||Word 2002||Encarta Standard 2006||Money 2006 Standard||Streets & Trips Essentials 2006||Digital Image Standard 2006|
|Works Plus 2008||available to OEM only||Works 9.0||Word 2003|