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Original author(s)Martin Dougiamas
Developer(s)Martin Dougiamas
Moodle HQ
Moodle Community
Stable release
4.0.1[1] Edit this on Wikidata / 9 May 2022; 2 months ago (9 May 2022)
Written inPHP
TypeCourse management system

Moodle is a free and open-source learning management system written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License.[3][4] Moodle is used for blended learning, distance education, flipped classroom and other online learning schemes in schools, universities, workplaces and other sectors.[5][6][7] It can be used to create custom websites with online courses and allows for community-sourced plugins.[8][9][10]


Moodle began development in 1999 and has been translated into over 100 different languages.[11] "MoodleMoots" are conferences held by Moodle customers and researchers[12] and are organised by universities or other large organizations using Moodle.[citation needed]


Moodle has over 50% of the LMS market share in Europe, Latin America, and Oceania.[13] In the U.S. higher education market as of fall 2018, the top three learning management systems by number of institutions were Blackboard (31%), Canvas (30%), and Moodle (18%). In 2013, Moodle was for a time the second largest provider with 23% market share, following Blackboard (41%).[14] By 2017, Moodle had dropped to the third largest provider, due in part to increased adoption of Instructure's Canvas platform.[15] In March 2016, Blackboard became an official Moodle partner,[16] although this partnership ended in 2018.[17]

The Open University of the UK currently uses a Moodle installation, with about 200,000 users,[18] and the UK government uses a Moodle installation for their Civil Service Learning platform.[19]

See also


  1. ^ "Moodle 4.0.1 release notes". 9 May 2022. Retrieved 15 June 2022.
  2. ^ "Official Moodle git projects - moodle.git/blob - COPYING.txt".
  3. ^ "Moodle" – via The Free Dictionary.
  4. ^ Rogers, Patricia L. (31 January 2009). The Encyclopedia of Distance Learning, Vol1. ISBN 9781605661995.
  5. ^ Costello, Eamon (1 November 2013). "Opening up to open source: looking at how Moodle was adopted in higher education". Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning. 28 (3): 187–200. doi:10.1080/02680513.2013.856289. S2CID 54976320.
  6. ^ Krassa, Anna (4 October 2013). Gamified Moodle Course in a Corporate Environment (PDF). 2nd Moodle Research Conference (MRC2013). Sousse, Tunisia. pp. 84–93. ISBN 978-618-80889-0-0.
  7. ^ Horvat, Ana; Dobrota, M.; Krsmanovic, M.; & Cudanov, M. (2015). "Student perception of Moodle learning management system: a satisfaction and significance analysis". Interactive Learning Environments. 23 (4): 515–527. doi:10.1080/10494820.2013.788033. S2CID 205708644.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2015.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Gavin W. Porter (7 June 2013). "Free choice of learning management systems: Do student habits override inherent system quality?" (PDF). Interactive Technology and Smart Education. 10 (2): 84–94. doi:10.1108/ITSE-07-2012-0019. hdl:10722/188170.
  10. ^ "Welcome -" (PDF).
  11. ^ "Language packs - MoodleDocs".
  12. ^ "Events". Moodle. 3 April 2019.
  13. ^ "Academic LMS Market Share: A view across four global regions". e-Literate. 29 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2019
  14. ^ A Profile of the LMS Market (page 47) (PDF), CampusComputing, 2013.
  15. ^ "LMS Data--Spring 2017 Updates". Edutechnica. Client Stat. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  16. ^ "Blackboard Is Now An Official Moodle Partner". Moodle News. 14 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Moodle ends partnership with Blackboard". Moodle. 27 July 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  18. ^ Kehrer, Anika. "Simply the Best: Case Study for Moodle at Open... » Linux Magazine".
  19. ^ "Case Studies | Innovative Digital Learning | LEO Learning".