Richard Schomburgk.jpeg

Moritz Richard Schomburgk (5 October 1811 – 24 March 1891),[1] generally known as Richard Schomburgk, was a German botanist and curator of the Adelaide Botanic Garden.

Schomburgk was born in Freyburg, Saxony, the son of Johann Friedrich Ludwig Schomburgk (a Lutheran minister in Thuringia),[2] and his wife Christiane Juliane Wilhelmine, née Krippendorf.[1] Schomburgk studied botany at Berlin and in the Royal Gardens at Potsdam.[2] In 1844 he went on the Prussian-British expedition to British Guiana and Brazil, led by his brother Robert. He collected for the Museum of the University of Berlin. After the political turmoil in Europe in 1848, he emigrated to Gawler, South Australia. In 1865, he became Director of the Adelaide Botanic Garden, a position he kept until his death and was succeeded by Maurice William Holtze. He wrote Versuch einer Zusammenstellung der Flora und Fauna von Britisch-Guiana (1848).

Schomburgk died in Adelaide, South Australia; he was survived by a son and four daughters.[1]


Schomburgk married Pauline Henriette Kneib (c. 1822 – 24 July 1879) at sea aboard Princess Louise. Among their children were:

His older brother, Sir Robert Hermann Schomburgk (5 June 1804 – 11 March 1865), carried out geographical, ethnological and botanical studies in South America and the West Indies (in which Moritz Richard participated) and also fulfilled diplomatic missions for Great Britain in the Dominican Republic and Thailand.

Another brother Otto Alfred Carl Schomburgk (28 August 1810 – 16 August 1857) and his wife Maria Charlotte Schomburgk née Von Selchow, arrived in South Australia with Moritz Richard Schomburgk aboard the Princess Louise in August 1849.

His youngest brother, Julius Ludwig Schomburgk, (c. 1818 - 9 March 1893), was chief designer for noted Adelaide silversmith J. M. Wendt.

A sister, Caroline Schomburgk ( – 15 November 1874), was the second wife of Rev. Dr. Carl Wilhelm Ludwig Muecke (16 July 1815 – 4 January 1898) of Tanunda, a fellow passenger on the Princess Louise.

Taxon named in his honor

The standard author abbreviation M.R.Schomb. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.[7]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Middelmann, Raoul F. "Schomburgk, Moritz Richard (1811–1891)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Melbourne University Press. ISSN 1833-7538. Retrieved 8 August 2013 – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University.
  2. ^ a b Mennell, Philip (1892). "Schomburgk, Richard Von" . The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co – via Wikisource.
  3. ^ "Former Sheriff Dies, Aged 80". The Advertiser. Adelaide, S.A.: National Library of Australia. 1 September 1938. p. 18. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  4. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Schomburgk", p. 237).
  5. ^ Species Ctenotus schomburgkii at The Reptile Database www.reptile-database-org.
  6. ^ Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (22 September 2018). "Series EUPERCARIA (Incertae sedis): Families CALLANTHIIDAE, CENTROGENYIDAE, DINOLESTIDAE, DINOPERCIDAE, EMMELICHTHYIDAE, MALACANTHIDAE, MONODACTYLIDAE, MORONIDAE, PARASCORPIDIDAE, SCIAENIDAE and SILLAGINIDAE". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 16 March 2022.
  7. ^ IPNI.  M.R.Schomb.

Further reading