Mundari Bani
𞓧𞓟𞓨𞓜𞓕𞓣𞓚 𞓗𞓕𞓨𞓚
Shukla Mundari.svg
'Mundari' in Mundari Bani Script
Script type
CreatorRohidas Singh Nag
Created1982
Time period
1982 to present
DirectionLeft to Right
RegionOdisha, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Assam (India)
LanguagesMundari
Related scripts
Parent systems
original invention
  • Mundari Bani
ISO 15924
ISO 15924Nagm (295), ​Nag Mundari
Unicode
Unicode alias
Nag Mundari
U+1E4D0–U+1E4FF Nag Mundari
Mundari Bani
Mundari Bani

Mundari Bani (Mundari: 𞓗𞓕𞓨𞓚 Bani 'alphabet', also known as Mundari Bani Hisir Hisir 'writing', Nag Mundari, or the Mundari alphabet) is the writing system created for the Mundari language, spoken in eastern India. Mundari is an Austroasiatic language. Mundari Bani has 27 letters and five diacritics, the forms of which are intended to evoke natural shapes. The script is written from left to right.

Community elder and author Rohidas Singh Nag invented and published in late 1980 the alphabetic writing system Mundari Bani, which has seen limited but increasing use in literature, education, and computing.

History

Rohidas Singh Nag started designing the initial characters of Mundari bani in 1949 while in grade school, which he wrote on the walls using clay.[1][2] By 1953 he had finished a set of 35 characters. He further simplified the alphabet in 1980 by reducing it to 27 alphabetical characters. In 2008 Bharat Munda Samaj, Mundari Samaj Sanwar Jamda and Nag reformed the script in styling and adding glyphs. Since then, fonts were developed using this standard.

Rohidas Singh Nag, Creator of Mundari Bani script
Rohidas Singh Nag, Creator of Mundari Bani script

Nag presented the alphabet in the 1980s to then-Chief Minister of Odisha Janaki Ballabh Patnaik and submitted a memorandum to recognize the Munda language constitutionally. Nag along with others submitted a memorandum to the then president of India in 1999 appealing again for the constitutional recognition. "Mundari Samaj Sanwar Jamda", a social organisation of the Munda community based in Poda Astia, Mayurbhanj has been demanding to incorporate the Munda language in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India, to air Munda language through All India Radio, and establish a Munda language department at North Odisha University for higher studies on the basis of the writing system and literature.[3] The writing system has seen limited but increasing use in literature, education, and computing.

The script

Since the 2008 edits, Mundari Bani has 27 alphabetical characters, five diacritics, ten (decimal) digits. Their names follow traditional names. It uses Latin-script punctuation like period and comma.[2]

Unicode

Main article: Nag Mundari (Unicode block)

The Mundari Bani alphabet was added to the Unicode Standard in September, 2022 with the release of version 15.0.[4] The Unicode block is called Nag Mundari (U+1E4D0–U+1E4FF):

Nag Mundari[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+1E4Dx 𞓐 𞓑 𞓒 𞓓 𞓔 𞓕 𞓖 𞓗 𞓘 𞓙 𞓚 𞓛 𞓜 𞓝 𞓞 𞓟
U+1E4Ex 𞓠 𞓡 𞓢 𞓣 𞓤 𞓥 𞓦 𞓧 𞓨 𞓩 𞓪 𞓫 𞓬 𞓭 𞓮 𞓯
U+1E4Fx 𞓰 𞓱 𞓲 𞓳 𞓴 𞓵 𞓶 𞓷 𞓸 𞓹
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 15.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

References

  1. ^ Know Your State West Bengal. Arihant Experts. 22 August 2019. p. 272. ISBN 9789313198017.
  2. ^ a b Wolf-Sonkin, Lawrence; Mandal, Biswajit (8 January 2021). "L2/21-031: Proposal to Encode the Mundari Bani Script in the Universal Character Set" (PDF). Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  3. ^ "page no.96, Adivasi, A Journal of Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes Research and Training Institute (SCSTRTI)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 November 2016.
  4. ^ The Unicode Standard (PDF). 15.0.0. The Unicode Consortium. 2022. ISBN 978-1-936213-32-0.