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The music of Anguilla is part of the Lesser Antillean music area. The earliest people on the island were the Caribs and Arawaks, who arrived from South America. English settlers from St Kitts and Irish people colonized the island later. Unlike regional neighbors, however, the plantation system of agriculture that relied on chattel slavery never took root in Anguilla, causing a distinctly independent cultural makeup. The most recent influences on Anguilla's musical life come from elsewhere in the Caribbean, especially the music of Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica, as well as abroad, especially the music of the United States and the United Kingdom. Anguilla's Rastafarian heritage has played a role in the island's music and culture and produced influential figures like activist Ijahnya Christian and Robert Athlyi Rogers, the author of The Holy Piby.[1]

The island has produced a number of reggae, calypso, soca and country musicians. Of these, the latter is especially characteristic, as the genre of the country is not a part of the popular music in the Caribbean. Anguilla's Island Harbour, an Irish-settled village on the east side of the island, is a major center for local country music.[2] Soca is a recent musical influence and is often accompanied by frenzied, sexualized dancing called wukin up.[3]

Notable musicians from Anguilla include Bankie Banx, who has released over ten albums and played with musicians such as Bob Dylan, Jimmy Cliff and Jimmy Buffett.[citation needed] He also opened a music bar called the Dune Preserve, built in order to save the Rendezvous Bay dune; the Dune Preserve is home to the Moonsplash Annual Music Festival.[4]Other notable musicians include the soca group Xtreme Band, who gained regional fame following their success in the 2001 Carnival.[5]

Music institutions in Anguilla include the Soroptimist Club and the annual Tranquility Jazz Festival, though the island's most famous music celebration is Carnival, held near the beginning of August (the first Friday after the first Monday); it includes calypso competitions, j'ouvert, street dances, boat races, costumed parades and stilt walking, and beachside barbecues.[4][6] Anguillans also celebrate the anniversary of emancipation in August and British holidays such as the King's birthday. For the first time in 2005, Anguilla was home to a country music festival, which was promoted by American country star Billy Ray Cyrus. Other popular musicians from Anguilla include Evan Webster,<ref name="Evan Webster 2003 j165">"Art Guide of Anguilla". Evan Webster. 25 July 2003. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.</ref who is the most famous recent performer to emerge from the island's country music heritage.[2]

In 2015, the island’s musical community was selected by music mogul and producer Kedar Massenburg to record a compilation collection titled Sounds of Anguilla (Volume 1). The production marked the first album ever to feature artists from a single Caribbean island representing a multitude of genres: pop, reggae, hip-hop, soca, and R&B. Executive producers included Massenburg, former Parliamentary Secretary Responsible for Tourism Haydn Hughes, and Marvet Britto, President and CEO of the Britto Agency, who conceived the idea for the project. The album was released on June 30 on iTunes and included the following roster of musicians: Natalie, Amalia Watty, Raskim, Darius James from True Intentions, Jaine Rogers, Gershwin Lake and Parables, Bankie Banx, Raoul “Nyne” Vanterpool, Catriona Lake, Exodus HD, Pantha Vibes International, British Dependency, Deanna Mussington, Roxanne “Roxxy” Webster, Shara, and Keria Hughes. Proceeds from the sale of the compilation benefit the island's burgeoning musical community and support its efforts to record, tour, and present the island’s music to the world.

Anguilla also has a vibrant live entertainment scene that captures most, if not all, of the genres described above at venues that include restaurants, hotels, and beach bars.

References

  1. ^ "Anguilla Guide - A comprehensive directory - History of Anguilla". 22 June 2002. Archived from the original on 22 June 2002. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Anguilla Vibe: The Story of Island Harbour". Archived from the original on 24 August 2006. Retrieved 26 November 2006.
  3. ^ "Anguilla Vibe: Wukin Up- Cultural Expression or Vulgar Gyration". Archived from the original on 24 August 2006. Retrieved 26 November 2006.
  4. ^ a b Cameron, Sarah; Box, Ben (1996). "Anguilla". Caribbean Islands handbook, 1997 : with the Bahamas. Bath, England, Lincolnwood, IL.: Trade & Travel Publications : Published in North America by Passport Books. p. 525. ISBN 978-0-8442-4907-0. OCLC 1259489802 – via Internet Archive.
  5. ^ "Xtreme Band". mycaribbean.com. 25 July 2003. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2023.
  6. ^ "Carnival Was Colourful, Fun and Loud- Anguilla Local News". News.ai. Retrieved 9 January 2021.

Further reading