National Cultural Heritage Act
Congress of the Philippines
  • An Act Providing for the Protection and Conservation of the National Cultural Heritage, Strengthening the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and its affiliated cultural agencies, and for other purposes.
CitationRepublic Act No. 10066
Territorial extentPhilippines
Enacted byHouse of Representatives of the Philippines
EnactedDecember 14, 2009
Enacted bySenate of the Philippines
Signed byGloria Macapagal Arroyo
SignedMarch 26, 2010
CommencedApril 10, 2010
Legislative history
First chamber: House of Representatives of the Philippines
Bill titleHouse Bill 6733
Bill citationAn Act Providing for the Protection and Conservation of the National Cultural Heritage, Strengthening the National Cultural Agencies, and for other purposes
Introduced bySonny Angara (Aurora)
IntroducedAugust 25, 2009
First readingAugust 26, 2009
Second readingAugust 15, 2009
Third readingOctober 5, 2009
Second chamber: Senate of the Philippines
Bill titleAn Act Providing for the Protection and Conservation of the National Cultural Heritage, Strengthening the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and its affiliated cultural agencies, and for other purposes.
Bill citationSenate Bill 3014
Received from the House of Representatives of the PhilippinesJanuary 26, 2009
Member in ChargeEdgardo Angara
First readingJanuary 26, 2009
Second readingFebruary 2, 2009
Third readingFebruary 9, 2009
Final stages
Reported from conference committeeNovember 10, 2009
Conference committee bill passed by Senate of the PhilippinesDecember 11, 2009
Keywords
Philippine Registry of Cultural Property, cultural preservation
Status: In force

The National Cultural Heritage Act, officially designated as Republic Act No. 10066, is a Philippine law that created the Philippine Registry of Cultural Property (PRECUP) and took other steps to preserve historic buildings that are over 50 years old.[1] It was signed into law on March 25, 2009.[2]

It was passed in response to the 2000 demolition of the Manila Jai Alai Building.[1] The Act mentions "archaeological" 18 times, an apparent reference to the destruction of the Huluga archaeological site in 2003. [3]

The Philippine Registry of Cultural Property registers all cultural properties of the country,[4] which the National Commission for Culture and the Arts is mandated to establish and maintain through the appropriate cultural agencies and local governments.

A house that has significant importance to the Filipino culture is declared to be a "Heritage House" by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP), previously known as the National Historical Institute.[2] Historical markers are placed on the houses by the commission to indicate their significance,[5] Ancestral homes that have figured in an historic event, house such as the Bonifacio Trial House in Maragondon, Cavite,[6] or houses of national heroes of the Philippines like the Juan Luna Shrine[7] in Badoc, Ilocos Norte are included among the categories "National Shrines" or "National Historical Landmarks".[4][8]

The act also requires:

The act defines "cultural property" as "all products of human creativity by which a people and a nation reveal their identity, including churches, mosques and other places of religious worship, schools and natural history specimens and sites, whether public or privately-owned, movable or immovable, and tangible or intangible." It deems all heritage structures, which are at least 50 years old, as presumed important cultural properties despite non-declaration by cultural agencies. Nonetheless, the government mandates all local government units to register these presumed important cultural properties to the database of the National Commission for Culture and the Arts for cultural documentation and conservation.[10]

The citizen retains the ownership of the house; the government is only declaring the heritage value of the structure and providing funding for its protection and preservation.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Villalon, Toti (July 15, 2012). "Remember jai alai: Stop making Manila heritage demolition victim". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
  2. ^ a b Henares, Ivan (April 15, 2010). "Republic Act No. 10066 - National Cultural Heritage Act of 2009". Ivan about Town. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
  3. ^ Fabe, Bong. "Infra project 'desecrates' Cagayan de Oro prehistoric site; Senate inquiry sought". Philstar.com. Retrieved April 1, 2023.
  4. ^ a b Bonvito (April 23, 2010) "Text of the Philippine National Cultural Heritage Law" Archived December 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Time Traveling. Retrieved on October 26, 2010.
  5. ^ "Touring the Ancestral Houses of Silay, Negros Occidental". Travelog Philippines. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
  6. ^ "Bonifacio Trial House". National Historical Commission. Retrieved on October 27, 2011.
  7. ^ "Juan Luna Shrine". National Historical Commission. Retrieved on October 27, 2011.
  8. ^ "Shrines and Landmarks". National Historical Commission of the Philippines. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d Section 14, Republic Act No. 10066.
  10. ^ Republic Act No. 10066
  11. ^ (2010-09-03). "No ownership change in ‘RA 10066 declaration’". Inquirer.net. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.