.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Spanish. (October 2021) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Spanish article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 5,248 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Spanish Wikipedia article at [[:es:Biblioteca Nacional de Venezuela]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|es|Biblioteca Nacional de Venezuela)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

10°30′43″N 66°54′45″W / 10.5120°N 66.9124°W / 10.5120; -66.9124

Biblioteca Nacional de Venezuela
National Library of Venezuela
LocationCaracas, Venezuela
Size7,131,660 Books [1]
Other information
DirectorIgnacio Barreto

The Biblioteca Nacional de Venezuela (in English: National Library of Venezuela), located in Caracas, is the legal deposit and copyright for Venezuela. It was established on July 13, 1833, by decree of General José Antonio Páez. Diego Bautista Urbaneja, a Minister of Foreign Affairs, was designated as the first director.[2]

The current headquarters of the library was designed by architect Tomás Sanabria from 1981 to 1989[3] in the style of Brutalist architecture, featuring a range of design elements and distinctive construction techniques.

The library contains several special collections:

According to their website, "The institution aspires to be an active organization in the generation of knowledge through the publication of various titles, printed or virtual, specialized or of collective interest, which are a contribution to the formation of a citizenry committed to building a better society."[4]


In 1831 Interior Secretary Antonio Leocadio Guzmán proposed the idea of merging convent libraries and books that were previously scattered throughout the country.[5] While the 1833 decree by then-president José Antonio Páez is the widely-accepted date of establishment, it was not until 1870 that a "solid base for the functioning of the [National Library] was established."[6]

In 1874 president Antonio Guzmán Blanco mandated that the collections of the convent libraries were to be delivered to the Universidad Central de Venezuela. These collections would ultimately be added to the National Library, then located in the university campus.[2]

The first printed catalog, the Catalog of the Library of the University of Caracas, was published in 1875 by Adolfo Ernst, a prominent scientist who would go on to become the director in 1876.[6]

See also


  1. ^ Biblioteca Nacional de Venezuela. "Patrimonio Documental, Obras Consultadas y Usuarios Atendidos" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-03. Retrieved 2008-04-20. (in Spanish)
  2. ^ a b Linárez Pérez, Juan Carlos. "La formación del profesional de la información en Venezuela: Aproximación histórico-analítica". Biblios. 58: 17–32.
  3. ^ "Thomas Jose Sanabria". Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  4. ^ "Orientación y Referencia". Gobierno Bolivariano de Venezuela. Retrieved 25 April 2022.
  5. ^ Pérez, O.A. "Bibliotecas". Diccionario de Historia de Venezuela, 2nd Ed.: 441–8.
  6. ^ a b Machin-Mastromatteo, J.D.; Granda, R. "Venezuela: Libraries and Librarianship". Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis. VII: 4886–4895.