di Ströön
Location of Nordstrand
di Ströön within Nordfriesland district
Nordstrand di Ströön is located in Germany
Nordstrand di Ströön
di Ströön
Nordstrand di Ströön is located in Schleswig-Holstein
Nordstrand di Ströön
di Ströön
Coordinates: 54°29′N 8°53′E / 54.483°N 8.883°E / 54.483; 8.883
Municipal assoc.Nordsee-Treene
 • MayorJens-Johann Jacobsen (CDU)
 • Total57.43 km2 (22.17 sq mi)
2 m (7 ft)
 • Total2,256
 • Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes04842
Vehicle registrationNF

Nordstrand (North Frisian: di Ströön[2]) is a peninsula and former island in North Frisia on the North Sea coast of Germany. It is part of the Nordfriesland district in the federal state of Schleswig-Holstein. Its area is 50 km² and its population is 2,300. Nordstrand has two municipalities, Nordstrand and smaller Elisabeth-Sophien-Koog, which are part of the Amt Nordsee-Treene.

In medieval times Nordstrand was a part of the larger island of Strand, which was torn into pieces in a disastrous storm tide in 1634. More than 6,000 people drowned. Before 1634 the area of the island was about 210 square miles (540 km2).[3] Other remnants of Strand are Pellworm and some Halligen islets. Similar storm surge destruction occurred in 1362 when the town of Rungholt and 28 churches (out of 59 at that time) with the associated villages perished[4]

Nordstrand is accessible by road over a causeway, which connects to the mainland and was built in 1936. In 1987 the polder Beltringharder Koog was completed, turning the former island into a peninsula.

Local alcoholic beverage

Nordstrand is the origin of a locally famous alcoholic beverage, the Pharisäer (Pharisee), which the islanders developed in 1872 to be able to drink alcohol in the presence of local pastor Georg Bleyer, who preached abstinence. It is made from hot strong coffee, sugar, dark rum (4 cl of 54% vol.) and whipped cream (to prevent the alcohol from evaporating, so that it could not be smelled). The pastor got the only cup without rum, but one day the cups got mixed up. When he discovered the deceit he exclaimed "Ihr Pharisäer!" ("You Pharisees!", connoting: "hypocrites"). Hence the name.[5][6]

North American emigrants who used it as a surname

The original Nordstrand island (before the flood of 1634) is thought to be the ancestral homeland of the North American surname ‘van Nostrand’ (including variants: vanNostrand, vanNordstrandt, vanOstrand). Two brothers emigrated from here to what is now New York, USA, in 1637 and 1638 after the flood. One of the three granite panels of the Canadian van Nostrand monument, in York Mill's Cemetery, Toronto (St John’s, York Mills, Anglican Church, 19 Don Ridge Dr., North York, Toronto, Ontario), points to Nordstrand Island.

Pieter Karstense van Nortstrant was born about 1605 on the island of Norstrand. Coupled with the name of his father, Carsten or Kersten, and the fact that his children were baptized in the Lutheran Church in Amsterdam, it would seem that a German, Frisian or Danish origin is probable. It is uncertain when Pieter Karstense came to Amsterdam, possibly as a child with his father, though no record of the latter has been found there. The sons of Pieter Pietersen Ostrander (son of Pieter Karstense van Nortstrant) were called Van Norstrande or Van Nostrande, whilst Van Ostrande was used in other baptisms and eventually became the surname Oostrander and then the spelling as it is today, Ostrander.[7]

People from Nordstrand

See also



  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden in Schleswig-Holstein 4. Quartal 2022" (XLS) (in German). Statistisches Amt für Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein.
  2. ^ Nordfriesland-Karte, Nordfriisk Instituut, Bräist/Bredstedt 2011, ISBN 978-3-88007-371-5
  3. ^ Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Nordstrand" . Encyclopedia Americana.
  4. ^ "Kirchengemeinde Nordstrand-Odenbüll - Geschichte". (in German). Retrieved 2023-10-16.
  5. ^ Jysk Ordbog[permanent dead link] (in Danish)
  6. ^ Jyllands-Posten Archived 2006-11-17 at the Wayback Machine which dates this event to 1873 (in Danish)
  7. ^ "PATRONYMICS AND SURNAMES". Ostrander Family Association. Archived from the original on 13 June 2015. Retrieved 5 June 2012.