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Olsalazine
Clinical data
Trade namesDipentum
AHFS/Drugs.comMonograph
MedlinePlusa601088
License data
Pregnancy
category
Routes of
administration
By mouth
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • AU: S4 (Prescription only)
  • UK: POM (Prescription only)
  • US: ℞-only
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding99%
Elimination half-life0.9 hours
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.116.494 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC14H10N2O6
Molar mass302.242 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • O=C(O)c1cc(ccc1O)/N=N/c2cc(C(O)=O)c(O)cc2
  • InChI=1S/C14H10N2O6/c17-11-3-1-7(5-9(11)13(19)20)15-16-8-2-4-12(18)10(6-8)14(21)22/h1-6,17-18H,(H,19,20)(H,21,22)/b16-15+ checkY
  • Key:QQBDLJCYGRGAKP-FOCLMDBBSA-N checkY
 ☒NcheckY (what is this?)  (verify)

Olsalazine is an anti-inflammatory medication used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.[2][3] It is sold under the brand name Dipentum.[4]

Olsalazine itself is a pro-drug of mesalazine (5-aminosalicyclic acid or 5-ASA) and is not absorbed in the small intestine. Instead it continues through to the colon where it is cleaved into two molecules of 5-ASA by azoreductases produced by colonic bacteria. Olsalazine thus exerts its anti-inflammatory effect by its colonic breakdown into 5-ASA which inhibits cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase thereby reducing prostoglandin and leukotriene production.[4]

History

Olsalazine gained Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval in 1990.

Supply

The drug is supplied by UCB Pharma.

Research

In 2006 the Australian biotech company Giaconda received a European patent for a combination therapy for treating constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome that uses olsalazine and the anti-gout drug colchicine, for trials the following year.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b "Olsalazine (Dipentum) Use During Pregnancy". Drugs.com. 6 September 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  2. ^ "Olsalazine--a further choice in ulcerative colitis". Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin. 28 (15): 57–8. July 1990. doi:10.1136/dtb.28.15.57. PMID 2131213.
  3. ^ Wadworth AN, Fitton A (April 1991). "Olsalazine. A review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, and therapeutic potential in inflammatory bowel disease". Drugs. 41 (4): 647–64. doi:10.2165/00003495-199141040-00009. PMID 1711964.
  4. ^ a b "Olsalazine Sodium 250 mg Capsules - Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC) - (emc)". www.medicines.org.uk. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Giaconda gets European patent for drug". The Sydney Morning Herald. 28 December 2006. Retrieved 16 January 2021.