.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French. (January 2023) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the French article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 5,304 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing French Wikipedia article at [[:fr:Ordre des Arts et des Lettres]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|fr|Ordre des Arts et des Lettres)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

Ordre des Arts et des Lettres
L
Chevalier arts et lettres.jpg
Insignia of an Officier and a Chevalier
TypeOrder of merit with 3 degrees:
Commandeur (Commander)
Officier (Officer)
Chevalier (Knight)
Awarded forSignificant contribution to the enrichment of the French cultural inheritance
Presented byFrench Minister of Culture
StatusActive
Established2 May 1957
Websitehttp://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/artsetlettres/ Edit this on Wikidata
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres Commandeur ribbon.svg

Commandeur
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres Officier ribbon.svg

Officier
Ordre des Arts et des Lettres Chevalier ribbon.svg

Chevalier
Ribbon bars of the Order
Precedence
Next (higher)Ordre du Mérite Maritime
Next (lower)Médaille des Évadés

The Ordre des Arts et des Lettres ('Order of Arts and Letters') is an order of France established on 2 May 1957 by the Minister of Culture. Its supplementary status to the Ordre national du Mérite was confirmed by President Charles de Gaulle in 1963. Its purpose is the recognition of significant contributions to the arts, literature, or the propagation of these fields.

Its origin is attributed to the Order of Saint Michael (established 1 August 1469), as acknowledged by French government sources.[1][2][3]

Background

To be considered for the award, French government guidelines stipulate that citizens of France must be at least thirty years old, respect French civil law, and must have "significantly contributed to the enrichment of the French cultural inheritance".

Membership is not, however, limited to French nationals; recipients include numerous foreign luminaries. Foreign recipients are admitted into the Order "without condition of age".

The Order has three grades:

The médaille (medallion) of the Order is an eight-pointed, green-enameled asterisk, in gilt for Commanders and Officers and in silver for Knights; the obverse central disc has the letters "A" and "L" on a white-enameled background, surrounded by a golden ring emblazoned with the phrase République Française. The reverse central disc features the head of Marianne on a golden background, surrounded by a golden ring bearing the words Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. The Commander's badge is topped by a gilt twisted ring.

The ribbon of the Order is green with four white stripes.

Members of the Order

Main article: List of members of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres

Ray Bradbury wearing the Commander's badge in 2009
In 2011, Partha Pratim Majumder was made a Chevalier for his talent in mime.
Soumitra Chatterjee was honored in 1999 for his contribution in Indian cinema
Donald Sutherland wearing the Commander's lapel pin

According to the statutes of the Order, French citizens must wait a minimum of 5 years before they are eligible to be upgraded from Chevalier to Officier, or Officier to Commandeur, and must have displayed additional meritorious deeds than just those that originally made them a Chevalier. However, in the statutes, there is a clause saying "Les Officiers et les Commandeurs de la Légion d'honneur peuvent être directement promus à un grade équivalent dans l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres". (Translation: "The officers and commanders of the Legion of Honour can be promoted directly to an equivalent grade in the Order of Arts and Letters".) This means that if someone were to be made Officier of the Legion of Honour, then the next year, that person could be directly made Officier of the Order of Arts and Letters and bypass a nomination as a knight and the five-year rule.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Conseil de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres" [Council of the Order of Arts and Letters]. Ministère de la Culture (in French). Archived from the original on 9 November 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  2. ^ Archives de FranceArchived 2013-04-16 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Mémodoc