The Apollo 13 crew, with President Nixon, wearing their Presidential Medals of Freedom on ribbons
Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour worn on a ribbon.
Commander's cross of the Legion of Honour worn on a ribbon.

A necklet is a type of decoration which is designed to be worn and displayed around a person's neck, rather than hung (draped) from the chest as is the standard practice for displaying most decorations.

In the Middle Ages most order's insignias were worn on a collar – see livery collar. Later, in the 16th century the insignia of the French Order of the Holy Spirit were worn on a ribbon. When, in the late 17th century, orders were divided into several classes, the cross on a ribbon around the neck became the privilege of a commander. A decoration in that rank is usually awarded to high-ranking officials like brigadiers, consuls and secretaries of State.

A woman usually wears her commander's cross on a bow on the shoulder of her dress[citation needed].

In chivalric orders like the Order of Malta or the Teutonic Order the insignia of the knights is worn hanging from a ribbon around the neck. The same is true of the Order of the Golden Fleece.[1]

In the 19th century it was not unusual to wear a Grand Cross, normally hanging from a ribbon over the shoulder to the hip as on a necklet when this was considered more convenient or when another Grand Cross was worn.

Select list of badges suspended from neck riband

Some nations confer honors which are signified in the form of a badge which is worn suspended from a ribbon (also known as riband or ribband) around the neck, including:

This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by adding missing items with reliable sources.

Name Country Notes
Bharat Ratna  India Highest civilian decoration of India.
Order of the British Empire  United Kingdom Ranks of Knight Commander and Commander.
Royal Victorian Order  United Kingdom Ranks of Knight Commander and Commander.
Order of Merit  United Kingdom
Order of the Companions of Honour  United Kingdom
Order of St. John  United Kingdom Ranks of Commander or higher.
Legion of Honour  France Rank of Commander.
Military William Order  Netherlands [2]
Order of the Netherlands Lion  Netherlands [3]
Order of Orange-Nassau  Netherlands [4]
Pour le Mérite  Prussia [5]
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross  Germany
Grand Cross of the Iron Cross  Germany
Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary  Hungary Ranks of Commander's Cross with star and Commander's Cross.
Royal Order of Sahametrei  Cambodia Rank of Commander.
Order of Canada  Canada Ranks of Companion or Officer.
Order of Ontario  Canada
Medal of Honor  United States Highest military decoration of the United States Armed Forces. [6]
Legion of Merit  United States If at the rank of Commander. The Legion of Merit is awarded in degrees only to foreign nationals and its neck order is thus not available to U.S. citizens.[7]
Presidential Medal of Freedom  United States
Texas Medal of Valor  United States
Surgeon General's Medallion  United States
George Washington Spymaster Award  United States
Order of Australia  Australia If rank of Officer or higher.[8]
Order of the Holy Sepulchre  Vatican City
Order of the Crown of Thailand  Thailand Second Class and Third Class.
Order of the White Elephant  Thailand Second Class and Third Class.
Order of the Direkgunabhorn  Thailand Second Class and Third Class.
Order of Ramkeerati  Thailand
Order of Chula Chom Klao  Thailand Second Class (Grand Commander and Knight Commander).
Order of Rama  Thailand Second Class and Third Class.
Order of the Rising Sun  Japan Third class.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Orders medals and decorations of Britain and Europe", Paul Hieronymussen, London 1967
  2. ^ Military Order of William Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine, official website; Grand Cross, worn without ribbon on the left breast or around the neck on a 55 millimetre wide ribbon, or as a sash.
  3. ^ Order of the Netherlands Lion Archived 2009-08-31 at the Wayback Machine, official website; Commander, hangs from the ribbon, which is worn by men around the neck
  4. ^ Order of Orange Nassau Archived 2010-03-10 at the Wayback Machine, official website; Grand Officer, hanging from the ribbon, which is worn by men around the neck
  5. ^ Pour le Mérite; n.b., 1667, cross was worn around the neck from a long black, "watered ribbon"
  6. ^ Medal of Honor, official website
  7. ^ USAMilitaryMedals.com: Legion of Merit Medal Ribbon; n.b., The Legion of Merit is one of only two United States military decorations to be issued as a neck order (the other being the Medal of Honor), and the only United States decoration which may be issued in award degrees (much like an Order of chivalry or certain Orders of Merit).
  8. ^ "Order of Australia Booklet" (PDF) (14th ed.). September 2020.

References