Owen Chadwick

Owen Chadwick.jpg
Born
William Owen Chadwick

(1916-05-20)20 May 1916
Bromley, England
Died17 July 2015(2015-07-17) (aged 99)
Cambridge, England
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge, St John's College, Cambridge

William Owen Chadwick OM KBE FRSE FBA (20 May 1916 – 17 July 2015) was a British Anglican priest, academic, rugby international,[1] writer and prominent historian of Christianity. As a leading academic, Chadwick became Dixie Professor of Ecclesiastical History in 1958, serving until 1968, and from 1968 to 1983 was Regius Professor of History. Chadwick was elected master of Selwyn College, Cambridge, and served from 1956 to 1983.

In his obituaries, Chadwick was described as "one of the great religious historians of our time" by The Independent,[2] and as "one of the most remarkable men of letters of the 20th century" by The Guardian.[3]

Early life and education

Owen Chadwick
SchoolTonbridge School
UniversityUniversity of Cambridge, Selwyn College, Cambridge, St John's College, Cambridge
Rugby union career
Position(s) Hooker
Senior career
Years Team Apps (Points)
1936–1938 Cambridge University ()
National team(s)
Years Team Apps (Points)
1936 British Isles XV

Chadwick was born in Bromley, Kent, in 1916, the third of six children of John Chadwick, a barrister, and his wife Edith (née Horrocks). His father died in 1925. He was an elder brother of the Very Reverend Henry Chadwick, also a distinguished professor and historian of the early Church, and a younger brother of Sir John Chadwick KCMG, a diplomat whose senior posting was as British Ambassador to Romania.[4]

His eldest brother was sent to Eton College, but Chadwick was educated at Tonbridge School from 1929 to 1935. He was school captain and captain of the rugby team.[5] He then studied classics at St John's College, Cambridge. He received three Blues in rugby playing as hooker for Cambridge University R.U.F.C. in the annual Varsity Match against Oxford University in 1936, 1937 and 1938 (as captain).[6] In 1936, during his first year at Cambridge, he was selected to tour with a British Lions team in their third trip to Argentina.[1] Although no caps were awarded on this tour, Chadwick did play in the one match against the full Argentina side, playing in his favoured position of hooker in a 23–0 victory.[7] The British team won all ten of its matches. During the 1937/38 season, Chadwick played for invitational touring side, the Barbarians.[8]

Chadwick graduated with a First in History in 1938. Having been influenced by Martin Charlesworth and Martin Niemöller in 1938, he took a First in theology at Cambridge in 1939. He then attended Cuddesdon College (a theological college) and was ordained to the diaconate and priesthood of the Church of England in 1940 and 1941, respectively.

He served as a curate at St John's Church in Huddersfield for two years and was then chaplain of Wellington College in Berkshire until the end of the Second World War.[9]

He also played rugby during the war, for Blackheath, and for an England team that played against New Zealand.

Cambridge career

After the war, he was made chaplain and Fellow of Trinity Hall, Cambridge, in 1947, and then Dean of Chapel. He became a university theology lecturer in 1949 and published his first book on the 5th-century monk John Cassian in 1950.

In 1958 he was named Dixie Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Cambridge University. He then became an honorary fellow at St John's College, Cambridge, in 1964. A few years later, in 1968, he was elected to the position of Regius Professor of Modern History, an ancient chair, which he held until 1982, and was President of the British Academy during the early 1980s. As vice-chancellor from 1969 to 1971, he guided Cambridge through turbulent times in the late 1960s, including the Garden House riot in 1970. He was also elected president of Cambridge University RFC in 1973.

In the 1960s and 1970s, he was suggested as a potential Archbishop of Canterbury, but is thought to have declined the offer of a bishop's mitre more than once. He chaired the Archbishops' Commission on Church and State (1966–1970), known as the Chadwick Commission, which recommended that Parliament should pass the regulation of the church to a General Synod rather than disestablishment.

He was Hensley Henson Lecturer in Theology at Oxford University in 1975–76, and Ford Lecturer in English History at Oxford in 1980–81. He retired as Regius Professor and master of Selwyn College, Cambridge, in 1983. He had become a fellow of the British Academy in 1962, and was its president from 1981 to 1985. He was also a trustee of the National Portrait Gallery from 1978 to 1994, and was chancellor of the University of East Anglia from 1984 to 1994.

Owen Chadwick served as a member of the Historical Manuscripts Commission for a period prior to 1992.[10]

Selwyn College, Cambridge

Chadwick was elected Master of Selwyn College, Cambridge, in 1955. Installed in 1956, Chadwick was the longest-serving Master of Selwyn by the time he retired after 27 years, in 1983. During his time as master, Selwyn became a full college of Cambridge University, in 1958 (though it had been founded back in 1882), and it ceased to require its students to be communicant members (Anglicans) of the Church of England. As Master of Selwyn, Chadwick completed several major building projects, including the new Cripps Court (not to be confused with the similarly named Cripps at Queens' College, Cambridge). Selwyn College was not the first Oxbridge college to admit women students alongside men, but it adopted the practice relatively early on in 1976. Under Chadwick's years as Master, the numbers of fellows and postgraduates at Selwyn were doubled, greatly increasing the research output of the college. Chadwick took a keen interest in College sports, and was elected to membership of the Hermes Club.

Books

Chadwick wrote about such issues as the formation of the papacy in the modern world; about Lord Acton; about the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century; about the Church of England in the United Kingdom and elsewhere, and about the secularisation of Europe in thought and culture. He participated in the debate[clarification needed] about the role of Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust during World War II.

With his brother, Henry, Chadwick edited the Oxford History of the Christian Church (1981-2010), to which he contributed three of its twelve volumes: "The Popes and European Revolution" (1980); "A History of the Popes 1830–1914" (1998); and "The Early Reformation on the Continent" (2003). Chadwick was awarded the Wolfson History Prize in 1981.

Owen Chadwick was also General Editor of the Penguin (formerly Pelican) History of the Church, to which he contributed the third volume (The Reformation), the seventh (The Christian Church in the Cold War, 1992) and the last two chapters of the sixth ("A History of Christian Missions", second edition 1986). His brother Henry wrote the first volume in the series (The Early Church, 1967).

Among Chadwick's other books are:[11]

Honours

Chadwick was appointed Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (KBE) in the 1982 New Year Honours.[13] As a priest he did not receive the accolade and so remained styled as "The Revd Owen Chadwick" rather than "Sir Owen Chadwick".[14] He was appointed to the Order of Merit (OM) on 11 November 1983.[15] A memorial to him and his brother was unveiled at Westminster Abbey on 2 February 2018.[16]

Personal life

Chadwick married Ruth Hallward in 1949; she died before him, in January 2015. He was survived by two sons and two daughters.[17] Chadwick died at the age of 99 on 17 July 2015.[3]

After retiring, Chadwick lived with his wife in Newnham, in Cambridge, but also spent time in Cley next the Sea in Norfolk, where he was priest in charge.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b Owen Chadwick rugby profile ESPN Scrum.com
  2. ^ Obituary, The Independent, 23 July 2015.
  3. ^ a b The Rev Owen Chadwick obituary, The Guardian, 19 July 2015 (updated 20 July 2015).
  4. ^ PHS (9 July 1969). "The Times Diary—Chadwick favourite for Dean, OAPs in TV licence rumpus, Holiday Inns here to stay". News. The Times. No. 57607. London. col D, p. 10.
  5. ^ The Reverend Professor Owen Chadwick, OM – obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 20 July 1915
  6. ^ Marshall, Howard; Jordon, J.P. (1951). Oxford v Cambridge, The Story of the University Rugby Match. London: Clerke & Cockeran. p. 252.
  7. ^ "La Unión de Rugby del Río de la Plata". UAR.com. 1937. Retrieved 20 March 2011.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ Starmer-Smith, Nigel (1977). The Barbarians. Macdonald & Jane's Publishers. p. 219. ISBN 0-86007-552-4.
  9. ^ "Owen Chadwick RIP". sel.cam.ac.uk.
  10. ^ "No. 52987". The London Gazette. 10 July 1992. p. 11676.
  11. ^ The Revd Professor W Owen Chadwick, St John's College, Cambridge
  12. ^ Methuen, Charlotte. The Journal of Theological Studies, NEW SERIES, 54, no. 1 (2003): 388-91. https://www.jstor.org/stable/23969057.
  13. ^ "No. 48837". The London Gazette. 30 December 1981. p. 8.
  14. ^ Honours—Knighthoods from the official website of the British Monarchy. Retrieved 25 June 2008
  15. ^ "No. 49543". The London Gazette. 18 November 1983. p. 15251.
  16. ^ "Memorial to Chadwick brothers dedicated | Westminster Abbey".
  17. ^ Grimes, William (23 July 2015). "Owen Chadwick, Eminent Historian of Christianity, Dies at 99". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 July 2015.

Further reading