Panchkot Raj
c. 17th century CE–1954 CE
CapitalGarh Panchkot
Raja (King or Chief) 
• unknown
Maharaja Damodar Shekhar Deo
• Established
c. 17th century CE
• Disestablished
1954 CE
Today part ofJharkhand, West Bengal, India

Panchkot Raj, also known as Panchkot Zamindari or Kashipur Raj, was a Rajput family[1][2] of Zamindars who ruled in the western fringe areas of present-day West Bengal, India and some adjacent areas in present-day Jharkhand.


According to the legends, while Raja Jagat Deo was going for pilgrimage in Puri from his kingdom in Dhar in modern Madhya Pradesh, his wife gave birth to a son while camping at Jhalda, currently in Purulia district. The king’s entourage believed the child had been born dead, and left him there. Later the child was found by seven local peoples and was named Damodar Sekhar. It was Damodar Sekhar who established the Panchkot Royal dynasty in the 17th century.

Garh Panchkot Ras Mandir
Garh Panchkot Ras Mandir

After the independence of India, the Indian Parliament subjected the right to property to certain restrictions and states began to initiate aggressive agrarian reforms by passing laws that abolished the Zamindari system. This led the family to sue at the Supreme Court. In 1951, a bench of five judges unanimously ruled in favor of the government.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Risley, Sir Herbert Hope (1892). The Tribes and Castes of Bengal. Printed at the Bengal secretariat Press.
  2. ^ Mondal, Bikram (7 September 2021). Broken Palace: The Lost Majesty of Bengal. Notion Press. ISBN 978-1-68554-408-9.
  3. ^ Press, Delhi. The Caravan: June 2017. Delhi Press.