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Paolo Marella
Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals
Marella circa 1942.
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
Appointed12 December 1977
Term ended15 October 1984
PredecessorCarlo Confalonieri
SuccessorSebastiano Baggio
Other post(s)Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1972–84)
Orders
Ordination23 February 1918
by Basilio Pompili
Consecration29 October 1933
by Pietro Fumasoni Biondi
Created cardinal14 December 1959
by Pope John XXIII
RankCardinal-Priest (1960–72)
Cardinal-Bishop (1972–84)
Personal details
Born
Paolo Marella

(1895-01-25)25 January 1895
Died15 October 1984(1984-10-15) (aged 89)
Rome, Italy
BuriedCampo Verano
ParentsLuigi Marella
Vincenza Baldoni
Previous post(s)
Alma mater
MottoIpsam sequens non devias
Styles of
Paolo Marella
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeePorto e Santa Rufina (suburbicarian)

Paolo Marella (25 January 1895 – 15 October 1984) was an Italian cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He served in the Roman Curia following a career as a delegate of the Holy See, and was elevated to the cardinalate by Pope John XXIII in 1959.

Biography

Marella was born in Rome to Luigi and Vincenza (née Baldoni) Marella, and studied at the Pontifical Roman Seminary and the La Sapienza University. He was ordained to the priesthood by Cardinal Basilio Pompili on 23 February 1918, and then furthered his studies whilst doing pastoral work in Rome until 1922.

From 1922 to 1924, Marella was an official of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith in the Roman Curia. He was raised to the rank of Privy Chamberlain of His Holiness on 9 January 1923, and later Domestic Prelate of His Holiness on 5 April 1933. He then served as auditor (1924–1933) and chargé d'affaires (February to September 1933) of the Apostolic Delegation to the United States.

On 15 September 1933, Marella was appointed Titular Archbishop of Doclea by Pope Pius XI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 29 October from Cardinal Pietro Fumasoni Biondi, with Archbishops Carlo Salotti and Domenico Spolverini serving as co-consecrators, at the chapel of the Collegio de Propaganda Fide in Rome. Marella was named Apostolic Delegate to Japan the next day, on 30 October. In 1942, when the Vatican accepted de facto diplomatic relations with Japan, Marella was given "full diplomatic privileges".[1] He was made Apostolic Delegate to Australia, New Zealand, and Oceania on 27 October 1948.[2]

Also in the 1940s, Marella was sent to France as an agent of Pope Pius XII when he was aiming to stamp out the Worker-Priest movement that the Pope believed Cardinal Emmanuel Célestin Suhard had been supporting despite his protests otherwise.[citation needed] Marella succeeded Archbishop Angelo Roncalli (the future Pope John XXIII) as Nuncio to France on 15 April 1953.[3]

Pope John XXIII created him a cardinal at the consistory held on 14 December 1959 and he received his red biretta in Paris from President Charles de Gaulle.[4] He announced him as Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Andrea delle Fratte in the consistory of 28 March 1960.[5] Appointed Archpriest of St. Peter's Basilica and Prefect of the Sacred Congregation of the Fabric of St. Peter's Basilica on 14 August 1961, Marella attended the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1965, and was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 1963 papal conclave, which elected Pope Paul VI.[6]

He acted as papal legate to the inauguration of the Vatican pavilion at the New York World's Fair presiding over the unveiling of the Pietà on 20 April 1964[7] Marella received four honorary doctorates on this visit to the United States, including one from the Catholic University of America, which had prohibited four liberal theologians from delivering lectures there the previous year, for which Marella commended the university.

He became President of the Secretariat for Non-Christians on 19 May 1964, and again served as a papal legate, to the eighth centennial celebration of the erection of Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris (27 May 1964), to the centennial celebration for the arrival of the first Catholic missionaries in Japan in Tokyo (12 January 1965), and to the National Congress of the Confederation of the Christian Doctrine in Pittsburgh (28 August 1966).

In 1970, Marella served as the papal representative to Expo '70 in Osaka. He resigned his presidency of the Secretariat at the end of February 1973. From 12 December 1977 until his death Marella was vice-dean of the College of Cardinals.

References

  1. ^ TIME Magazine. Rising Sun aT the Vatican 6 April 1942
  2. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XLI. 1949. p. 299. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  3. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. XLV. 1953. p. 255. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  4. ^ Cortesi, Arnaldo (17 December 1959). "Spellman Joins Rites in Vatican" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  5. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). Vol. LIII. 1961. pp. 141, 714. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  6. ^ "The Roster of the Membership of the Sacred College of Cardinals". The New York Times. 20 June 1963. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  7. ^ Alden, Robert (20 April 1964). "'Piéta' Unveiled in Glow of Blue". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
Catholic Church titles Preceded bynone President of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue 19 May 1964 – 26 February 1973 Succeeded bySergio Pignedoli Preceded byCarlo Confalonieri Vice-Dean of the College of Cardinals 12 December 1977 – 15 October 1984 Succeeded byvacantTitle next held bySebastiano Baggio