Perfect Strangers
Perfect Strangers FilmPoster.jpeg
A poster with the film's US title: Vacation from Marriage
Directed byAlexander Korda
Screenplay byClemence Dane
Anthony Pelissier
Story byClemence Dane
Produced byAlexander Korda
StarringRobert Donat
Deborah Kerr
CinematographyGeorges Périnal
Edited byEdward B. Jarvis
Music byClifton Parker
Production
companies
Distributed byMetro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Release date
  • 15 October 1945 (1945-10-15) (London)
Running time
102 minutes (UK)
93 minutes (US)
CountryUnited Kingdom
LanguageEnglish

Perfect Strangers (United States title: Vacation from Marriage), is a 1945 British drama film made by London Films. It stars Robert Donat and Deborah Kerr as a married couple whose relationship is shaken by their service in the Second World War. The supporting cast includes Glynis Johns, Ann Todd and Roland Culver. It was produced and directed by Alexander Korda from a screenplay by Clemence Dane and Anthony Pelissier based on a story by Clemence Dane. Dane won the Academy Award for Best Story. The music score was by Clifton Parker and the cinematography by Georges Périnal.[1]

Plot

Robert and Cathy Wilson are a timid married couple in 1940 London. He is a bookkeeper, she a bored housewife. However, their tedium-filled lives are drastically changed by the war. He enlists in the Royal Navy, while she joins the Women's Royal Naval Service. During the three years the couple are apart (their shore leaves never coincide), they are transformed, each becoming much more self-confident.

Cathy's assertive new friend, Dizzy Clayton, helps her break out of her shell. She begins going out with Dizzy's cousin, naval architect Richard, who falls in love with her. However, she remains faithful (if unenthusiastically) to her husband.

Meanwhile, Robert toughens up on sea duty and in time becomes a petty officer. His hands are badly burned when his ship is sunk, but he stoically rows in the lifeboat for five days without complaint. He recuperates in a hospital, tended by Elena, a beautiful nurse. On the last night of his stay, he asks her out to dinner. He is attracted to her, but she informs him that she lost her beloved husband only six months earlier, kisses him, and leaves.

Robert and Cathy both receive ten-day leaves, but each dreads being reunited with the dowdy spouse each remembers and being forced back into the dreary life they shared.

Cathy cannot bring herself to return to her flat, where Robert is waiting. Instead, she phones Robert and asks him to talk with her on more neutral ground, blurting out that she wants to leave him. He is furious. They meet on the street, in the pitch dark of the blackout. Robert readily agrees to a divorce, to her surprise, telling her that he was going to ask her for one. They go to the neighbourhood pub to discuss the divorce and for the first time in three years they each get a good look at the transformation in the other.

Throughout the film, they have been talking to their new friends about their life together, and now they revisit those issues and talk honestly to each other about the past. They find that if they are "perfect strangers" now, they did not know each other very well before. For Cathy, the hated view from their flat, all walls and smoking chimneys, is a symbol of their lives before the war. They dance with each other for the first time, and are clearly attracted.

Dizzy and Robert's friend 'Scotty' meet them in the pub. Both are stunned. Dizzy thinks Cathy is crazy. Scotty calls Cathy is a pin-up, but the compliment goes wrong when he shares—at some length—Robert's unflattering descriptions of the 'old' Cathy. She is insulted and furious. It hardens her heart and she walks out as the pub closes.

Outside, waiting in vain for a taxi in the bombed-out intersection, the argument continues—they even fight over where the shops were formerly located. In the end, Scotty goes to his billet, leaving Robert on the street, thinking (in a voiceover). The girls go to the flat, where Cathy wistfully tells Dizzy about how she and Robert met.

Robert returns to retrieve his gear and finds Cathy sitting in the corner of the windowseat. The sky is bright with early morning light, and beyond the shattered houses, the vista toward the river and beyond is broken only by a church steeple. The high walls and smoking chimneys are gone. Robert opens the window, letting in the sounds of the city. A clock strikes 5. He turns to look at Cathy, saying “Well, you've certainly got the view you always wanted.”

“Miles and miles of it,” she replies. “But oh Robert, the desolation.”

“Poor old London,” he says, looking out the window. “Well, we'll just have to build it up again. That's all.”

“It will take years and years,” Cathy says, her eyes on him.

He reaches out to put his hand on hers, and then turns toward her, smiling, “Well, what does that matter? We're young.” Cathy lifts her head to meet him and they embrace, passionately.

Cast

Cast notes

Production

Perfect Strangers was based on a story by Esther McCracken and a screen treatment by Arthur Wimperis. It was meant to be the first of what was supposed to be a number of co-productions between Alexander Korda and M-G-M made in Britain - other proposed projects included Lottie Dundasd with Vivien Leigh from a story by Edith Bagnold, a biopic of Robert Louis Stevenson starring Robert Donat, a version of War and Peace directed by Orson Welles and starring Korda's wife, Merle Oberon, Velvet Coat by GB Stern and an untitled Carol Reed project. Perfect Strangers was originally meant to star Donat and Oberon but by December 1943 Oberon had been replaced by Deborah Kerr, as Oberon was still in the USA. Wesley Ruggles was to come over from Hollywood to direct.[3]

By March 1944, the film was about to start filming at Denham Studios. Korda announced he would now make only 1 to 3 films per year, compared to the 12 to 16 he had previously intended to make.[4]

Shooting did not actually begin until May. The delay had come about for several reasons: the script was constantly rewritten to account for changes in the war, Ruggles fell ill with the flu shortly after he arrived in England, and Donat was involved in a play. Then Donat fell ill and Ruggles left the project after an argument with Korda.[5] It was the first feature Korda had directed since Rembrandt. As they set to work, Korda called the film an "allegory of England"; Donat said: "It's a lyrical comedy – we hope."[6]

The film did some location shooting in Scotland, but was shot primarily in London.[7]

No subsequent films came from the agreement, because Korda bristled at being bossed around by MGM's head of production, Louis B. Mayer.[2][7]

Reception

Box office

Perfect Strangers was a commercial success in both the UK and the US, where it was re-titled Vacation from Marriage.[2] It was one of the biggest hits at the British box office in 1945,[8] ranked 22nd according to Kinematograph Weekly.[9]

Critical

In the New York Times , Bosley Crowther thought the script was an intelligent treatment of "the simple and leisurely story" and the leading actors "excellent as the principals, who find that love, like devastated London, can be rebuilt". He wrote that Korda's direction "tells an oft-told tale but tells it easily and well".[10]

Awards and honors

Clemence Dane won an Academy Award for Best Original Motion Picture Story for Perfect Strangers.[11]

References

  1. ^ "AFI|Catalog Vacation from Marriage (1945)". catalog.afi.com. Retrieved 19 February 2020.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ a b c d Fristoe, Roger. "Vacation from Marriage (1945)" TCM.com
  3. ^ Lejeune, C.A. (26 December 1943). "Metro Opens its New Home in London". New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  4. ^ "By Way of Report". New York Times. 26 March 1944. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  5. ^ Lejeune, C.A. (28 May 1944). "Spring Finds London's Film Studios Active". New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  6. ^ Lejeune, C.A. (25 June 1944). "London Movie Doings". New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Notes" TCM.com
  8. ^ Robert Murphy, Realism and Tinsel: Cinema and Society in Britain 1939-48, p 207
  9. ^ Lant, Antonia (1991). Blackout : reinventing women for wartime British cinema. Princeton University Press. p. 232.
  10. ^ Crowther, Bosley (15 March 1946). "Rita Hayworth and Glenn Ford Stars of 'Gilda' at Music Hall --'Vacation From Marriage' Has Donat and Deborah Kerr". New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2022.
  11. ^ "Vacation From Marriage" Academy Award Database, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
Additional sources