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The postmaster of Sherbrooke, Quebec, in 1918

A postmaster is the head of an individual post office, responsible for all postal activities in a specific post office. When a postmaster is responsible for an entire mail distribution organization (usually sponsored by a national government), the title of Postmaster General is commonly used. Responsibilities of a postmaster typically include management of a centralized mail distribution facility, establishment of letter carrier routes, supervision of letter carriers and clerks, and enforcement of the organization's rules and procedures. The postmaster is the representative of the Postmaster General in that post office.[citation needed]

In Canada, many early places are named after the first postmaster.[citation needed]

History

In the days of horse-drawn carriages, a postmaster was an individual from whom horses and/or riders (known as postilions or "post-boys") could be hired. The postmaster would reside in a "post house".[1]

The first Postmaster General of the United States was the notable founding father, Benjamin Franklin.

United States

An appointed position, postmasters were prized offices for political party members as they helped keep your political representatives in power.[2] The appointment and removal of most postmasters was handled by the First Assistant United States Postmaster General in Washington, D.C., while postmasters who earned more than $1,000 annually were nominated by the president of the United States and confirmed by the U.S. Senate.[3] The system was often a patronage system, whereby the postmasters would get jobs in an informal way by the party in power.[4]

Historically in the United States, women served as postmasters since the American Revolutionary War and even earlier, under British rule, more than a century before they won the right to vote. The wave of female postmasters appointed during the late 19th century had been a crucial element for women's broader entry into the federal government system.

Many postmasters are members of a management organization that consults with the United States Postal Service (USPS) for compensation and policy. On November 1, 2016, the two organizations, the National Association of Postmasters of the United States (NAPUS) and the National League of Postmasters, merged to form the United Postmasters and Managers of America (UPMA).

Level of pay is based on deliveries and revenue of the post office. Levels are from EAS (Executive and Administrative Service) 18 through 26. Smaller remotely managed post offices no longer have postmasters and report to a nearby larger office. Larger metropolitan post offices are PCES (Postal Career Executive Service).

Notable postmasters

See also

References

  1. ^ Rogers, Fairman (1900). A Manual of Coaching. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company. pp. 279–283. OCLC 6478019.
  2. ^ Wills, Matthew (2017-05-24). "Why Did U.S. Postmasters Once Have So Much Political Cachet?". JSTOR Daily. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
  3. ^ "The nineteenth-century postmaster and his duties" (PDF). National Archives By Claire Prechtel-Kluskens. 2022-09-05.
  4. ^ Wills, Matthew (2017-05-24). "Why Did U.S. Postmasters Once Have So Much Political Cachet?". JSTOR Daily. Retrieved 2022-09-10.
  5. ^ "Tammy Flores Garman Schoenen appointed first female postmaster". October 16, 2015. Retrieved November 28, 2021.
  6. ^ "Guam's First Female Postmaster to be Installed - Tammy Schoenen Taking Oath of Office on Oct. 21". usps.com. October 19, 2015. Retrieved November 26, 2021.