Prastos
Πραστός
View of Prastos
View of Prastos
Prastos is located in Greece
Prastos
Prastos
Coordinates: 37°16′N 22°41′E / 37.267°N 22.683°E / 37.267; 22.683Coordinates: 37°16′N 22°41′E / 37.267°N 22.683°E / 37.267; 22.683
CountryGreece
Administrative regionPeloponnese
Regional unitArcadia
MunicipalityNorth Kynouria
Elevation
255 m (837 ft)
Community
 • Population336 (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
221 00
Area code(s)27550

Prastos (Greek: Πραστός, Tsakonian: Πραστέ) is a settlement in Arcadia, Greece. Formerly, Prastos was the premier town of the Tsakonian region, but declined in importance after its devastation by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt during the Greek War of Independence and a general economic migration to urban areas that occurred in the following decades. It is considered a traditional settlement.

History

During the Ottoman period, Prastos was the leading city of Tsakonia, and one of the richest in the Peloponnese. The inhabitants had special trading rights granted by the Sublime Porte, which contributed to the town's economic success. It was the seat of a bishopric, that of "Rheoi and Prastos."[2]

During the Greek War of Independence, the town was sacked by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt and its olive groves burned, making the settlement unsuitable for habitation for decades hence. Much of the surviving population fled to Leonidio and the Argolid and could not be persuaded to return to the relatively less fertile mountains even after the olive groves had recovered.[3]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ Θανάσης Κωστάκης (Αθήνα, 1951). Συντομή Γραμματική της Τσακωνικής Διάλεκτου. 35 Collection De L'Institut Français D'Athenes, p. 15
  3. ^ Costakis, p. 16